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10 Revolutionary Women Who Leaded the Way and That the Official Story Tries to Ignore



History usually tend to overlook the contributions of Revolutionary Women that have sacrificed their time and effort to work for a better world. And there are a lot of women who have participated in the historic revolutions and that played a vital role. They may be women of a different political sphere, some of them armed with guns and other armed with just a pen, but they all fought hard for something in which they believed.

Nadezhda Krupskaya

10nadezhda-krupskaya-e1488212671150A lot of people know Nadezhda Krupskaya as the wife of Vladimir Lenin, but Nadezhda was a revolutionary Bolshevik and a combative politic. She was very involved in a wide variety of political activities, including being named Vice Minister of Education of the Soviet Union from 1929 until her death in 1939. After the revolution she dedicated her life to improve the education possibilities for the workers and farmers, for example, in achieving that the libraries were open for everybody.

Constanza Markievicz

10constanceConstanza Markievicz (née Gore-Booth) was a revolutionary, suffragette and socialist Anglo-Irish countess. She participated in the Irish independent efforts, like the Easter Uprising of 1916, in where she had a leading role. After the episode, she was condemned to the death sentence, but was pardoned shortly after.

Constanza was one of the first women in the world to have a political office (Work Minister of Irish Republic, from 1919 to 1922), and also was the first woman ever to be elected to the British House of Commons (December, 1918) – a position she rejected due to the abstentionist policies of the Sinn Féin.

Petra Herrera

#Vaw #WTFnews" data-image-description="<div id="ar_title"> <h2>Your face does not merit a rape FIR , says lady cop to victim</h2> </div> <div id="ar_intro"> <h3>The bizarre reason a lady cop gave the victim before refusing to lodge FIR against her former live-in partner</h3> </div> <div id="ar_content"> <div id="twfollow"> <div id="ar_date"> <div> <div>December 29, 2012</div> </div> <div>MUMBAI</div> </div> <div>Akela, Mid day</div> <div id="follow"></div> </div> <div id="in_content"> <div id="ar_fulltext"> <p>“Tumhara chehra rape ka FIR karne layak nahin hain.” A woman who turned to the cops to lodge an FIR against a man who had duped her into a live-in relationship was turned away by a female <a class="zem_slink" title="Police officer" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">police officer</a> on the pretext of this bizarre rationale.</p> <p><img title="Rekha" alt="Rekha" src="" /></p> <p>The cop went on to sanctimoniously tell her that if she had truly loved the man who wronged her, she wouldn’t lodge a complaint against him, but would <a class="zem_slink" title="Marriage" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">marry</a> another man and live happily ever after.</p> <p><img title="Santosh Sharma" alt="Santosh Sharma" src="" /><br /> <strong>Victim and accused: <a class="zem_slink" title="Rekha" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Rekha</a> (Top) and Santosh Sharma. Pics/Nimesh Dave</strong></p> <p>Before receiving such pearls of wisdom from the female cop, the complainant had even been told by a senior inspector that there was “no point” in lodging a rape case.</p> <p>Rekha, (name changed) a 28-year-old resident of <a class="zem_slink" title="Malad" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Malad</a>, had moved in with her boyfriend after he promised he would marry her.</p> <p>After he dumped her unceremoniously and married another woman years later, she turned to the police. For four consecutive days, police officers refused to register an FIR, saying ‘saheb chhutti par hain.”</p> <p>She then met <a class="zem_slink" title="Inspector" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Senior Inspector</a> Subhash Dafle, who also refused to register an FIR and assured her that all would be fine in a few days.</p> <p>“Dafle told me, ‘<a class="zem_slink" title="Rape" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Rape</a> ka FIR karne me koi fayda nahin hai. Char din me sab theek ho jayega. Rapist to <a class="zem_slink" title="Goregaon" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Goregaon</a>– Malad me chhipa nahin hai ki use pakad layein (There is no use filing an FIR for rape. Everything will be fine in four days. It’s not like the rapist is lurking in Goregaon or Malad that we can catch him),” said Rekha.</p> <p>Faced with the blunt refusal of cops, Rekha approached the Borivli Magistrate Court on December 15 with the help of lawyer Ashok Yadav.</p> <p>The court then passed an order asking that an FIR be registered against Santosh Sharma under Sections 376, 406, 420 and 498 (A) of the IPC for dowry, rape, cheating and breach of trust.</p> <p>But even the court’s order couldn’t convince the cops to take action.</p> <p>“<a class="zem_slink" title="The Honourable" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">The honourable</a> court passed an order asking the police to register an FIR on the same day, but Kurar police turned a deaf ear. They aren’t even obeying the court’s order,” said Yadav.</p> <p>Armed with the <a class="zem_slink" title="Court order" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">court order</a>, Rekha met officer Jyoti Bhopale with the court order. But instead of registering the FIR, Bhopale started giving her some unsolicited advice, replete with veiled insults.</p> <p>“She told me, ‘Tumhara chehra rape ka FIR karne layak nahin hai. Agar tum usse sachcha pyar karti to uske khilaf complaint nahin karti. Jao kisi aur se shadi kar lo aur khush raho (Your face doesn’t merit a rape FIR. If you loved him truly, you would not lodge a complaint against him. Go marry someone else and stay happy,” said an outraged Rekha.</p> <p><strong>False promises</strong><br /> Rekha met Santosh Sharma (30) at a garment shop in 2006 and they soon became friends. They started living together. Sharma even introduced Rekha to his family as his ‘wife’. Sharma would give Rekha Rs 8,000 every month. Rekha would even give part of her salary to Sharma’s father. In 2009, Sharma went abroad for a job. He then started distancing himself from Rekha, and stopped communicating with her. When he was confronted, he refused to tie the knot with her, saying that he couldn’t do so as he was a heart patient.</p> <p>“Sharma told me, ‘Main heart ka patient hun isliye shadi nahin kar sakta,’” said Rekha.</p> <p>In March, Rekha went to Sharma’s native district in <a class="zem_slink" title="Unnao" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Unnao, Uttar Pradesh</a>. She was shocked when police officers and villagers told her that Sharma had married another woman.</p> <p>Sharma’s father Guru Dayal Sharma told Rekha that since she couldn’t pay him Rs 2.5 lakh in cash and give four tolas of gold, he made his son marry another woman. “Santosh swore on his mother’s life that he didn’t know me,” said Rekha.</p> <p><strong>The other side</strong><br /> In spite of repeated attempts, Senior Inspector Dafle of Kurar police station could not be reached for comment. “I am not aware about the court order, but I will look in to the</p> </div> </div> </div> <h6 class="zemanta-related-title" style="font-size:1em;">Related articles</h6> <ul class="zemanta-article-ul"> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">#India- Class VIII student raped and murdered #Vaw #WTFnews</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">#India- #Chhattisgarh Minor girl raped, video clip posted on internet #Vaw #WTFnews</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">Student gangraped in moving bus in Delhi, male friend beaten up; both thrown off bus #vaw #WTFnews</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">#India-Minor raped in moving vehicle in Barmer district of Rajasthan #Vaw #nocountryforwomen</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">#India- Teacher Raped #WTFnews #Nocountryforwomen</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">#India- Legal rights of a #Rape survivor #Vaw #mustshare</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">Pregnant dalit woman gang-raped #Vaw #torture #wtfnews</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">#India- UP rape victim raped by cops probing case #Vaw #Torture #wtfnews</a> (</li> </ul> " data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="aligncenter size-large wp-image-11550" src="" sizes="(max-width: 280px) 100vw, 280px" srcset=" 280w, 83w" alt="10soldaderas" width="280" height="186" />During the Mexican Revolution, the women soldiers known as soldaderas went into battle along men despite facing abuse really often. One of the most known soldaderas was Petra Herrera, who, when dressed as a man, was also known as “Pedro Herrera”. Her leadership was exemplary, she participated in the Torreón’s second battle, alongside 400 women. Unfortunately, Pancho Villa was not willing to give credit to a woman and never got promoted to General. As a response, Petra left Pancho’s forces and formed her own women brigade.


10nigeriaaba-womenNwanyeruwa, an Igbo woman of Nigeria, unleashed a short war, that is thought to be the first great challenge to the British authority at Western Africa during the colonial age. In November 19 of 1929, after a discussion about taxes between Nwanyeruwa and a census authority called Mark Emereuwa, the Women’s War was unleashed. Around 25.000 women from all around the region participated in the protests until they forced the British to abandon their tax plans, along with many forced resignations of Warrant Chiefs.

Lakshmi Sahgal

#delhigangrape #vaw" data-image-description="<p>&nbsp;</p> <div> <div> <div><strong><a class="zem_slink" title="People's Union for Civil Liberties" href="" target="_blank" rel="homepage">PUCL</a> press statement on <a class="zem_slink" title="Delhi" href=",77.23&amp;spn=1.0,1.0&amp;q=28.61,77.23 (Delhi)&amp;t=h" target="_blank" rel="geolocation">Delhi</a> gang<var></var> rape, 24th December, 2012</strong></div> <div></div> <div>PUCL strongly condemns the brutal, bestial and savage <a class="zem_slink" title="Sexual assault" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">sexual assault</a> of a 23 year old girl in a moving Delhi bus on 16th December leaving her battling for life. We also condemn the unprovoked, unacceptable, unlawful and brutal attack launched by the Delhi police on 23rd December, on thousands of citizens, protesting against state inaction in the rape incident in and near <a class="zem_slink" title="India Gate" href=",77.2293055556&amp;spn=0.01,0.01&amp;q=28.6128638889,77.2293055556 (India%20Gate)&amp;t=h" target="_blank" rel="geolocation">India Gate</a> and the continuing attempts by state police to crush the growing agitation by young people.</div> <div></div> <div>The response of the <a class="zem_slink" title="Minister for Home Affairs (India)" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Union Home Minister</a>, <a class="zem_slink" title="Chief Minister of Delhi" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Chief Minister of Delhi</a> and <a class="zem_slink" title="Prime minister" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">the Prime Minister</a>, has been both belated as also insensitive, mechanical and sometimes even farcical as when the Union Home Minister used the Maoists as an alibi for not meeting and addressing the agitators. The political executive has failed to understand that the agitation is not in respect of this one incident alone. The agitation is symbolic of the loss of trust and confidence of people of this country in the criminal justice institutions and the people managing them. For decades now, every single institution without exception has been manipulated and subverted with impunity and citizens are no longer willing to trust persons in power – whether ministers, bureaucrats or police officials.</div> <div></div> <div>The agitation has also to be seen in the context of increasing incidents of aggravated sexual assaults on young girls, some as young as 5-8 years old across the country. The situation of rape and sexual violence is particularly severe in rural areas where on a daily basis, there are reports of women from Dalit, minority and economically vulnerable sections suffering violence and sexual assault at the hands of men, on the streets, in work places and other social spaces. This apart, the sexual violence on sexual minorities, transvestites and others is also very worrisome. Most such cases never make it to national media and do not become subject of mass action in urban cities. While we welcome the mass outpouring of support to the Delhi sexual assault survivor we also urge concerned citizens nationwide to become continuously engaged with the larger issue of <a class="zem_slink" title="Violence against women" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">violence against women</a> in each state, city and locality.</div> <div></div> <div>However the issue of sexual assault and violence against women cannot be addressed merely by better policing and more security for women. Very often it is the police and the security guards who become threats to women’s safety considering the current experience of sexual assaults on women and men within police stations and by armed forces. The issue is symptomatic of a much larger, complex social phenomenon. Rapes and sexual violence will have to be seen in the backdrop of rising male intolerance to assertion of independence, self reliance and empowerment of women, in the work arena, professional and social spheres. Questioning of patriarchal values of male superiority, domination and gender discriminative practices are amongst many other social and economic factors responsible for increasing sexual assaults.</div> <div></div> <div>PUCL strongly opposes the demand to introduce death sentence as a penalty for rape. Demanding death sentence for rapists is not going to solve the problem of increasingly brutal and bestial sexual violence. Worldwide, as also in India itself, there is no scientific evidence that death penalty acts as a deterrent. By the same token, neither are other measures such as castration of rapists useful or relevant as punishment, as put forward by a number of groups.</div> <div></div> <div>It is also pertinent here to point out that punishment is only the last link in the <a class="zem_slink" title="Criminal justice" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">criminal justice system</a>. Conviction and sentencing is dependent on the strength of the prosecution which is in turn dependent on proper investigation. So amending law to have harsher punishment is a non- starter when a large percentage of cases end in acquittal when investigation and prosecution are often compromised deliberately.</div> <div>The subversion of law begins from the stage of registration of FIR, medical examination of survivors of sexual assault as also the perpetrators, forensic science reports, witness statements, identification of accused through `identification parades’, letting in evidence in court, threat and buying up of witnesses and trial proceedings. We should also not forget the collusion, indifference and inefficiency of `<a class="zem_slink" title="Prosecutor" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Public Prosecutors</a>’ in the conduct of trials. This subversion is apart from inherent patriarchal attitudes and prejudices of investigators, prosecutors and judges alike. It is only cases which surmount these hurdles which results in conviction and punishment. Thus without addressing these systemic issues, merely demanding new, more stringent laws and harsher punishment is a simplistic approach and no solution.</div> <div></div> <div>PUCL firmly believes that apart from punishing perpetrators and providing support to the survivors there is a need for a national level debate on the issue of violence against women across a whole range of issues – starting from language and discourse and spanning social, economic, cultural and psychological factors resulting in the commission of crimes against women. There is an urgent need for men and women from all sections including scheduled castes, religious and sexual minorities to understand, analyse and find solutions to the issue of sexual violence on women. In the end, the ultimate aim should be prevention of crime against women and not just punishment.</div> <div></div> <div>Prof. Prabhakar Sinha, National President<br /> Dr. V. Suresh National Gen. Secretary</div> </div> </div> <div> <div id=":1gk"><img alt="" src="" /></div> </div> <h6 class="zemanta-related-title" style="font-size:1em;">Related articles</h6> <ul class="zemanta-article-ul"> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">IMMEDIATE RELEASE- Statement condemning sexual violecne and opposing #deathpenalty</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">Justice for Women NOW -Call for a citizen’s march to India Gate on 27 December</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">Radical Socialist Statement on the #Delhigangrape and Popular Protests</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">Rape Cultures in India- #mustread #Vaw #Torture #AFSPA</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">#India- Deconstructing elite ‘concern’ and ‘action’ on rape #Vaw</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">Talking #Rape – Survivors not victims, Men not Brutes #Vaw</a> (</li> </ul> " data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="aligncenter size-large wp-image-11548" src="" sizes="(max-width: 280px) 100vw, 280px" srcset=" 280w, 77w" alt="10lakshmi-sehgal" width="280" height="200" />Lakshmi Sahgal, commonly known as “Captain Lakshmi”, was a revolutionary of the independent movement of India, an officer of India’s National Army, and later, Women’s Issues Minister for the Azad Hind government. In the 40s, she was part of women only brigade that pretended to overthrow the British Raj of the colonial India. The brigade was one of the few women conformed brigades of World War II. She was named after Rani Lakshmibai, another famous revolutionary Indian woman and one of the main figures of the Indian rebellion of 1857.

Sophie Scholl

10sophie-schollGerman revolutionary Sophie Scholl was a founding member of the non-violent anti-nazi resistance group The White Rose, which resisted Hitler’s regime through anonymous pamphlets and graffitis. In February 1943, she and other members of her organization were arrested for distributing leaflets at the Munich University and sentenced to death by beheading.

Blanca Canales

#RIP #Vaw" data-image-description="<div> <p>Saturday, December 29, 2012, 09:13</p> </div> <div> <div> <div></div> </div> <div> <div><strong>Tags</strong>: <a href="">Rape</a>, <a href="">India</a>, <a href="">Hospital</a></div> </div> <div></div> </div> <div id="stry"><b>Zeenews Bureau</b></p> <p>Singapore: The 23-year-old girl, who put up a brave battle for life after she was gang-raped and brutally assaulted in a Delhi bus on December 16 that had created a nationwide outrage, died on <a class="zem_slink" title="Saturday morning cartoon" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Saturday morning</a> in a hospital here.</p> <p>The girl, who was admitted to the well-known multi-organ transplant facility <a class="zem_slink" title="Mount Elizabeth Hospital" href=",103.835083333&amp;spn=0.01,0.01&amp;q=1.3045,103.835083333 (Mount%20Elizabeth%20Hospital)&amp;t=h" target="_blank" rel="geolocation">Mount Elizabeth Hospital</a> here on Thursday morning in an extremely critical condition, breathed her last at 4:45 am (2:15 am India time). She was earlier treated at the <a class="zem_slink" title="Safdarjang Hospital" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Safdarjung Hospital</a> in Delhi.</p> <ul> <li>Congress president Sonia Gandhi condoles death of Delhi gang-rape victim.</li> <li>Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) leader Arvind Kejriwal tweeted this morning: “Aren’t we all responsible for her death? Can we all now do something so that half of humanity starts feeling safe amongst us?…Her death is a matter of shame and sorrow for all of us. Let’s resolve that we will not let her death go in vain”.</li> <li>Reports say that JNU students will take out a silent march following Delhi gang-rape victim’s death. <div id="relatehere"></div> </li> <li>Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde said he was deeply saddened by the demise of the victim. “We tried our best to provide her the best possible health care…Government is committed to seek deterrent punishment for all the accused”.</li> <li>President <a class="zem_slink" title="Pranab Mukherjee" href="" target="_blank" rel="homepage">Pranab Mukherjee</a> ‘deeply distressed by the unfortunate demise of the 23-year-old girl’.</li> <li>Condoling the death of Delhi gang-rape victim, Minister for Women and Child Development <a class="zem_slink" title="Krishna Tirath" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Krishna Tirath</a> appeals for calm, saying mindset of society needs change.</li> <li>The body of the Delhi gang-rape victim, who died this morning, will be flown to India by a special chartered aircraft this afternoon, announced Indian High Commissioner to Singapore TCA Raghavan.</li> <li>Delhi Police will invoke murder charges against the six men allegedly involved in the gang-rape and brutal assault of the girl in a moving bus after she died in a Singapore hospital 13 days after treatment. <p><b>Reacting to the news of the death of the gang-rape victim, Delhi Chief Minister <a class="zem_slink" title="Sheila Dikshit" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Sheila Dikshit</a> said it was a shameful moment not just as the CM but also as a citizen of the country.</p> <p></b></li> <li><b>Ten Metro stations – Pragati Maidan, Mandi House, Barakhamba Road, Rajiv Chowk, Patel Chowk, Central Secretariat, <a class="zem_slink" title="Udyog Bhawan (Delhi Metro)" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Udyog Bhawan</a>, Race Course, Khan Market and Jorbagh – will remain closed. <p></b></li> <li><b>Fearing large-scale protests following the death of the gang-rape victim, Delhi Police announced that India Gate and its surrounding areas that comprise the capital’s power centre would be out of bounds for the general public. <p></b></li> <li><b><a class="zem_slink" title="Manmohan Singh" href="" target="_blank" rel="homepage">Prime Minister Manmohan Singh</a> condoled the death of the Delhi gang-rape victim and expressed the hope that the entire political class and civil society will set aside narrow sectional interests and agenda to make India a demonstrably safer place to live in. <p></b></li> <li><b>The Singapore government condoled the death of the Delhi gang-rape victim, who breathed her last at the Mount Elizabeth Hospital this morning. <p></b></li> <li><b>The 23-year-old girl, who was gang-raped and brutally assaulted i</b></li> </ul> </div> <h6 class="zemanta-related-title" style="font-size:1em;">Related articles</h6> <ul class="zemanta-article-ul"> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href=";a=134575203&amp;rid=000001dd-02cd-000F-0000-000000002d1a&amp;e=40f33742474ae79cbf582acc8e673bb0" target="_blank">Delhi gang-rape victim dies of organ failure</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">Delhi gang-rape victim succumbs to injuries</a> (</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> " data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="aligncenter size-large wp-image-11546" src="" sizes="(max-width: 175px) 100vw, 175px" srcset=" 175w, 34w" alt="10blanca-canales" width="175" height="280" />Blanca Canales was a Puerto Rican nationalist that helped organize the Daughters of Freedom, the women’s branch of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party. She led a rebellion, known as the Jayuya Uprising, and entered history ass one of the few female revolutionary leaders to rise against the United States.

In October 30, 1950, Blanca and others took up the arms they had stored in her house and went to the city of Jayuya, where she and her comrades occupied the police station, burned down the post office, cut the telephone cables and rose the Puerto Rican Flag in defiance to the Gag Law imposed by the US. She and the other nationalists were detained and sentenced to life in prison.

Celia Sánchez

10celia-sanchezMost people know who Fidel Castro and Che Guevara are, but few have heard about Celia Sánchez, a fundamental militant in the Cuban Revolution. After the coup d’État made on March 10, 1942, Celia joined the struggle against Batista’s government. She was one of the founders of the 26 of July Movement and the leader of combat squads throughout the revolution, she controlled the resources of the group and even arranged the disembarking of the Granma, which transported 82 combatants from Mexico to Cuba to defeat Batista. After the Revolution triumphed, Celia stayed loyal to it and had a close friendship with Fidel Castro until her death in 1980.

Kathleen Cleaver Neal

#Delhigangrape and Popular Protests</a> (</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> " data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="aligncenter size-large wp-image-11544" src="" sizes="(max-width: 140px) 100vw, 140px" srcset=" 140w, 28w" alt="10kathleen-neal-cleaver" width="140" height="280" />Kathleen Cleaver Neal was a member of the Black Panther Party and the first woman to take part at the highest decision-making level of the organization. She was a spokeswoman and press secretary and organized the national campaign to free the minister of the Defense Party, Huey Newton, who had been imprisoned. She and other female Black Panthers such as Angela Davis were exemplary fighters of the revolution.

Asmaa Mahfouz

10asmaa-mahfouzThis Egyptian women unleashed the 2011 uprising in her country through a blog, encouraging others to join her to protest at the Tahrir square. She’s one of the leaders of the Egyptian revolution and a prominent member of the Youth Coalition of the Egyptian Revolution.

Source: Resumen Latinoamericano / The Dawn News /

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Comment (1)


    These women have not only worked for the betterment of women but also for the welfare of workers

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