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Endosulfan – The spray of death #healthcare

Many parts of the world have fallen prey to this pesticide, that has affected a lot of humans, animals and the environment. The Supreme Court of India had passed an interim order on May 13, 2011, as a major number of victims were reported to be affected in Kasargode (Kerala), and banned the production, distribution and use of endosulfan.

WHAT IS ENDOSULPHAN ?

It is a widely-banned pesticide with hazardous effects on human genetic and endocrine systems.

APRIL 29, 2011

  • Global consensus reached on adding endosulfan to list of banned substances and phasing it out as an agrichemical
  • Use of endosulfan banned by Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • Under pressure from pesticide firms, India sought remission on the ban for 10 years

HAZARDOUS
EFFECTS

  • Delayed reproductive development
    (late sexual maturity)
  • Autism
  • Bioaccumulation(substance does not leave body)
  • Endocrine disruption (stunting of hormones)
  • Long-range contamination
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Long-range contamination
  • Sensory Loss

MAY 13, 2011

Supreme Court of India issues temporary ban on production, storage and sale of endosulfan

Kerala and Karnataka are the only States which do not use the pesticide

USES

Sprayed on crops like cotton, cashew, fruits, tea, paddy, tobacco etc. for control of pests in agriculture such as whiteflies, aphids, beetles, worms etc.

NEUROTOXIC

“Endosulfan blocks the inhibitory receptors of the CNS, disrupts the ionic channels and destroys the integrity of the nerve cells. ~ report of fact-finding mission

KASARGOD DISASTER

From the mid-70s, Kerala villages used aerial spraying of endosulfan on 4,600-ha. cashew nut plantation. Locals reportedly experienced illnesses, palsies and deformities

A look at how the pesticide destroyed biodiversity: Read

A total of 188 people were affected by the pesticide and Kerala planned a health package for Palakkad. Read

In 2014, efforts were taken to dispose off 314 litres of endosulfan stock. Read

In 2015, it was announced that the victims could claim a sum of Rs. 50,000 to settle their bank loans. Read

Latest developments:

Endosulfan victim families told to form a society that can manage a permanent rehabilitation centre for the victims. Read

Giving hope to parents and their children, seven children go to Day Care Centre for Endosulfan Victims at Kokkada for physiotherapy. Read

HC: provide medical cover to endosulfan victims by March

The High Court of Karnataka on Monday directed the State government to provide medical cover to all persons affected by the use of endosulfan in three coastal districts by March 31.

A Division Bench comprising Chief Justice D.H. Waghela and Justice Ram Mohan Reddy issued the direction after amicus curiae pointed out that there have been many deficiencies in rehabilitating and providing medical care to victims despite assurances given to the court by the authorities concerned.

The Bench also told the authorities that disbursement of monthly stipend to all eligible victims in Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Uttara Kannada districts should be completed at the earliest.

Relief for endosulfan victims

In a symbolic protest against the delay in commencing work on the proposed Kasaragod Medical College Hospital, members of the Endosulfan Peedhitha Janakeeya Munnani placing wreaths on a dummy of the foundation stone of the hospital near the new bus station in Kasaragod on Friday. –PHOTO: K. VINAYA KUMAR

In a symbolic protest against the delay in commencing work on the proposed Kasaragod Medical College Hospital, members of the Endosulfan Peedhitha Janakeeya Munnani placing wreaths on a dummy of the foundation stone of the hospital near the new bus station in Kasaragod on Friday. –PHOTO: K. VINAYA KUMAR

They will get up to Rs.50,000 to settle their bank loans

Endosulfan victims in the district will get Rs.50,000 to settle their bank loans. The victims’ families could claim the amount to repay the loans other than those taken for building house, purchase of luxuries goods and the loans taken from private financiers.

This was announced at a district-level meeting of the Endosulfan Rehabilitation Cell chaired by Minister-in-charge of the district K.P. Mohanan here on Friday.

The government has authorised the District Collector to take action on the loans up to Rs.50,000.

The Cell has sought the government to sanction Rs.7 crore to settle 1,100 loans.

  The meeting decided to include three more endosulfan victims in the official list which would make them eligible for free medical treatment and other assistance.

The meeting also decided to take steps to float tenders to buy ambulances for nine of the 11 endosulfan-affected panchayats in the district notified by the government.

A meeting to discuss the issues faced by the victims and assess the ongoing rehabilitation projects would be held here on February 7, Mr. Mohanan said.

Local MLAs E. Chandrashekharan and P.B. Abdul Razak, district panchayat president P.P. Shyamala Devi, District Collector P.S. Muhammed Sagir and other senior district officials attended the meeting.

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