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Health Ministry: New claims but no new programmes

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 During Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s first year in office, the has relaunched existing and claimed credit for programmes not launched by the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government.Fact Checker took a look at the and realities:1. MISSION INDRADHANUSH, A PROGRAMME: ONLY THE NAME IS NEWClaim: A new programme named Mission will target areas of low immunisation.Reality: Mission Indradhanush is the new name for Special Immunisation Weeks (SIWs), conducted for years in areas of low immunisation under the Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP).

KEY ACHIEVEMENTS IN HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE
Mission Indradhanush: One of the largest-ever immunisation drives

  • In 201 high-focus districts in 28 states with low immunisation cover
  • Will immunise about 8.9 million children

India Newborn Action Plan aims to end all preventable newborn deaths and still births by 2030

 

Special vaccination campaigns have been planned for seven to 10 days in 201 high-focus districts during March-June 2015 under Mission Indradhanush. But this has routinely been done in preceding years. For example, in 2013-14, four rounds (April, June, July and August) of SIWs were conducted in 31 states and union territories. More than 9.8 million doses of various antigens were administered to children.

Similarly, during 2012-13, SIWs were carried out in low-coverage areas and more than 17.3 million doses of various antigens were administered.

2. MISSION INDRADHANUSH WILL BE WORLD’S LARGEST IMMUNISATION DRIVE: IT ALREADY IS

Claim: Mission Indradhanush, “the largest-ever immunisation drive”, will immunise 8.9 million children.

RealityUIP is one of the largest programs in the world, according to immunisation summary report jointly published by United Nations Children’s Fund and World Health Organisation.

More than 20 million pregnant women and children were immunised during 2011-12, according to data released by the health ministry.

3. INDIA NEWBORN ACTION PLAN (INAP): ONE OF MANY EXISTING PLANS

Claim: aims to end all preventable new-born deaths and still births by 2030.

RealityINAP is the latest entrant to a long list of existing interventions under the National Health Mission (NHM) to reduce and maternal mortality.

A few of these interventions and programmes are:

  • Round-the-clock maternal care services at community health centres and primary health centres, promotion of institutional delivery through the Janani Suraksha Yojana and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram new-born care corners at all health facilities
  • Special new born care units (SNCUs) and new born stabilisation units
  • Home-based new born care through Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs)
  • Prevention and treatment of anaemia with iron and folic acid tablets during pregnancy and lactation prevention of anaemia due to malaria, tackled by long-lasting insecticide nets and insecticide-treated bed nets
  • Name-based tracking of pregnant women to ensure ante-natal, intra-natal and post-natal care integrated management of neo-natal and childhood illnesses
  • Universal immunisation programme for about 135 million children against seven vaccine-preventable diseases through nine million immunisation sessions each year
  • Capacity building of healthcare providers through training of nurses under NHM
  • Engagement of more than 0.89 million ASHAs village health and nutrition days
  • Reproductive maternal new-born child-health+adolescent interventions in 184 high priority districts
  • The two targets proposed in INAP are (a) reducing preventable new-born deaths and; (b) reducing preventable still-births to single digits, fewer than 10 per 1,000 live births by 2030 (as against 22 per 1,000 live births today).

4. INDIA’S FIRST POLICY LAUNCHED: WORK BEGAN IN 2011

Claim: Launched the country’s first-ever mental health policy.

RealityThe work of framing a national mental-health policy began in April 2011, following a resolution on mental disorders adopted at the World health Assembly. The government constituteda policy group to frame a mental-health policy, launched in October 2014.

This  article was originally printed in : factchecker.in

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