The crucial finding of the census is that 8.69 crore of the 17.91 crore rural households show one of the seven markers of deprivation listed by the SECC -households with kuccha house, no adult member in working age, households headed by a female with no working age male member, those with handicapped members and no able-bodied adult, households with no literate adult above 25 years landless households engaged in manual labour, and SCST households.
It means 49% of rural In dia shows signs of poverty even if the depth of poverty is not enough to categorise them as poor in the technica sense. The survey , released by finance minister Arun Jaitley four years after it was com missioned by the UPA govern ment and conducted across 640 districts and 17.91 crore rura households, constitutes a cru cial step towards better target ing of welfare schemes based on the needs of each family .
Like, the 2.37 crore house holds that have been found to have “one room or less and kuccha walls and roof “ would be the first claimants for any “rural housing“ scheme.
The survey has also col lected the caste details of each family , but data on this aspect was not released on Friday .
Traditionally , a family should have a certain degree of poverty to qualify as poor, ike a household should be saddled with at least two or hree of the seven deprivation ndicators listed by the SECC.
A socially significant discovery , or confirmation, is that 21.5% of rural households belong to SCs and STs. They stand at 3.86 crore households.
Given that the survey has scanned rural poverty to its micro details of what each household lacks, Arun Jaitley said, “It’s after seven-eight decades that we have this document after 1932 of the caste census… It’s going to be a very mportant document for all policymakers both at Central and state governments… this document will help us target groups for support in terms of policy planning.“
One of the interesting bits of the findings are the source of rural household incomes.Nearly 30% are engaged in cultivation, while 51% of amilies are eking out a live ihood from manual casual abour. On the other hand, the service class -government, public and private sector -constitutes just 14%.