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India – Sexual Assault, Rape Top Crimes Against Scheduled Castes #Vaw

Chaitanya Mallapur, indiaspend.com

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* Sexual assaults against women and rape are the top crimes against scheduled castes (SCs).

 

* Among India’s 29 states, multicultural Goa, ranked 26th by population, has the highest crime rate against SCs.

 

* In absolute numbers, Uttar Pradesh, India’s most-populous state, reported the most crimes against SCs.

 

These are some of the highlights of crimes against SCs, gleaned from the Crime In India 2014 report, released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB).

 

There were 67 crimes against SCs in Goa—the state is 66% Hindu, 25% Christian and 8% Muslim–for every one lakh scheduled caste individuals, the data reveal. Goa is followed by Rajasthan (66) and Andhra Pradesh (49).

 

Source: Census 2011National Crime Records Bureau; Note: State of Andhra Pradesh excludes Telangana-Andhra Pradesh Population; *Crimes per one lakh SC individuals; The actual population of SCs per lakh in Goa is 0.25 which is rounded to 0.3 as per NCRB.

 

The major crime against SCs is assault on women to outrage her modesty (Section 354 IPC).

 

The section is further classified into sexual harassment (section 354A IPC), assault or use of criminal force with intent to disrobe (section 354B IPC), voyeurism (Section 354C IPC), stalking (Section 354D IPC) and others.

 

As many as 47,064 crimes against SCs were reported in 2014, according to NCRB, a 44% rise over five years, from 32,712 in 2010 to 47,064 in 2014.

 

Source: National Crime Records Bureau

 

Crimes against Dalits, the lowest among scheduled castes, recently hit the headlines.

 

A young Dalit writer escaped an attack in Karnataka by a group of men who threatened to chop off his hands for writing against the caste system, perceived by them to be “anti-Hindu”.

 

In Haryana, upper-caste Rajputs burnt alive two Dalit children as revenge against their father for a murder last October.

 

Uttar Pradesh (8,075), India’s most populous state, reported the most crimes against SCs, followed by Rajasthan (8,028) Bihar (7,893), Madhya Pradesh (4,151), and Andhra Pradesh (4,114).

 

Source: Census 2011National Crime Records Bureau; Note: State of Andhra Pradesh excludes Telangana-Andhra Pradesh Population; *Crimes per one lakh SC individuals

 

The top five states accounted for 69% all crimes against scheduled castes across India.

 

The main crimes against scheduled castes include assault on women to “outrage her modesty” (2,742), rape (2,388), grievous hurt (2,267), riots (932) and kidnapping and abduction (884).

 

Murder is the sixth-most committed crime against SCs with a total of 794 cases reported.

 

Source: National Crime Records Bureau; Note: Top five crimes include SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act and Crimes Against SCs (in which SC/ST POA Act not applied) under IPC.

 

Of 47,064 crimes against SCs in 2014, 40,300 cases were reported under various sections of the Indian Penal Code and the Prevention of Atrocities Act.

 

(Mallapur is a policy analyst with IndiaSpend.)

http://www.indiaspend.com/cover-story/sexual-assault-rape-top-crimes-against-scheduled-castes-34410

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