By Our Representative
A Bangalore-based startup, which helps citizens file queries under the Right-to-Information (RTI) Act, OnlineRTI.com, has revealed in the year since Narendra Modi’s government took charge, there has been a whopping 90 per cent increase in bank frauds, as per Reserve Bank of India (RBI) data obtained through RTI.
“Over the year since Modi’s government took office, the amount involved in bank fraud rose from Rs 10,170 crore in the fiscal year 2013-14 to Rs 19,361 crore in 2014-15”, says a report based on the data, adding, “The fraud ranged from cheque alteration to fake loans, debit/credit card fraud to cyber fraud.”
The data further show that the banks in Maharashtra saw a 150 per cent increase in fraud, from Rs 2,445 crore in 2013-14 to Rs 6,115 crore in 2014-15, and banks in West Bengal notched a 667 per cent increase in fraud, from Rs 773 crore to Rs 5,930 crore. The two states together accounted for more than 50 per cent of the total loss through fraud.
Gujarat, which for long has been touted as India’s “model” state, witnessed a 177 per cent rise in bank fraud – from Rs 453 crore in 2013-14 to Rs 1,256 crore in 2014-15. Significantly, in the year 2012-13, Gujarat reported just about Rs 51 crore worth of bank fraud. In Tamil Nadu, it rose by 279 per cent — from Rs 483 crore to Rs 1,831 crore. During the same period, Delhi saw a fall in bank fraud by 33 per cent and Andhra Pradesh by 26 per cent.
An RBI circular issued in July 2015, taking a serious view of the rise in bank fraud cases, said that when banks discover fraud, they should to report cases to the Central Bureau of Investigation, the police or to the Serious Fraud Investigation Office.
“Public-sector banks appear to have borne the brunt of the fraud-spike, with the Punjab National Bank, which lost a sum of Rs 2,310 crore, topping the list for 2014-15, followed by the Central Bank of India, where the lost amount stands at Rs 2,150 crore, the data further reveal. Both banks recorded a fraud increase of more than 200% since 2012-13”, the report, authored by analyst Gangadhar S Patil, said.
It added, “Despite a market share of 30 per cent, private banks collectively account for around 40 per cent of losses from bank fraud.” India has 20 private banks, 26 public-sector banks and 30 foreign banks.
Patil said, “In some cases, bank staff were involved: 47 such cases of fraud, valued at Rs 177 crore, were detected during 2014-15, according to data submitted to Parliament”, adding, “When staff are involved, banks have always tried to suppress fraud and categorise them as non-performing assets or NPAs (to show they were business loses).”
The report pointed out, NPAs, in fact, are a “fig leaf behind which fraud hides, soared 23% from Rs 2,51,060 crore in March 2014 to Rs 3,09,409 crore in March 2015, according to a statement in Parliament this July by Minister Of State (Finance) Jayant Sinha.”http://www.counterview.net/2015/11/indias-bank-frauds-under-modi-rose-by.html