Sep 16, 2015- The Constitution of Nepal 2072 passed on Wednesday (Sept 16) by the Constituent Assembly meeting envisions a federal democratic republican and inclusive and prosperous Nepal by institutionalising the achievements of the democratic movements held in the country.
Realising a dream cherished by the Nepali people since the past 65 years, the new constitution will formally take the country towards a federal structure from the existing unitary structure that remained rooted in the country for 240 years. The new statute has proposed to federate the country into seven federal units, which will be one of the significant changes to take place on the basis of the new constitution.
The new constitution that will be formally promulgated on September 20 expresses the determination to build an equitable society on the basis of the principle of proportional inclusion and participation, by ensuring economic equality, prosperity and social justice.
The preamble of the constitution also mentions people’s competitive multi-party democratic system, civic freedom, fundamental rights, human rights, period election, voting rights, full press freedom, independent, fair and competent judiciary, building of a prosperous nation with the commitment to socialism based on rule of law, and democratic norms and values, and durable peace, good governance, development through the federal democratic republic.
Similarly, in order to get the citizenship by decent, one needs to have father or mother Nepali at the time of his/her birth.
Protection of the age old religions and culture, secularism with freedom to adopt any religion are other salient features of the constitution.
The executive rights of the country shall vest on the Council of Ministers while the President would be ceremonial head-of-the-state.
Similarly, a bi-cameral federal parliament, a constitutional bench in the Supreme Court, and formation of constitutional commissions on national natural resources and finance, on national inclusion, on indigenous nationalities, on Madhesi, on Tharu and on Muslim are other features of the new constitution that is finally coming after two CA elections and almost a decade of constitution drafting process. R