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RSS Role in 1984 Sikh Massacre: 31 Years After the Carnage, Perpetrators Still Free

#Vaw" data-image-description="<p>&nbsp;</p> <p>11<sup>th</sup> April 2013</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>To</p> <p>The <a class="zem_slink" title="The Honourable" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Hon’ble</a> Chairperson</p> <p><span style="font-family:Arial, sans-serif;"><a class="zem_slink" title="West Bengal" href=",88.3666666667&amp;spn=3.0,3.0&amp;q=22.5666666667,88.3666666667 (West%20Bengal)&amp;t=h" target="_blank" rel="geolocation">West Bengal</a> <a class="zem_slink" title="Human rights commission" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Human Rights Commission</a></span></p> <p><span style="font-family:Arial, sans-serif;">Bhabani Bhaban</span></p> <p><span style="font-family:Arial, sans-serif;">Alipur</span></p> <p><span style="font-family:Arial, sans-serif;"><a class="zem_slink" title="Kolkata" href=",88.3666666667&amp;spn=0.1,0.1&amp;q=22.5666666667,88.3666666667 (Kolkata)&amp;t=h" target="_blank" rel="geolocation">Kolkata</a> – 27 </span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Sir</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>I want to draw your attention on the impecunious living of an aged woman at the Polta village under Aturia Gram Panchayet. Ms. Madari Dasi Biswas, wife of Late Guricharan Biswas, aged about 89 years, a resident of village -Polta under Aturia Gram Panchayet of Badurai Block and Police Station. She lost her husband years back and now living with her two sons. She lives in a dilapidated hutment with pouring roof. He sons fend themselves by catching fish but not looking after their aged mother. She is now totally dependent on alms from her neighbors. She is unable to work due to her age.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>This poor woman was erstwhile getting old age pension and in this connection opened an account in post office in the year 21.1.2008 and received first installment of Rs. 2000 on 24.12.2008, and last on 15.10.2009 of Rs. 400. All of a sudden her pension was stopped by the block administration. She contacted the local panchayet member and pradhan to know the reason, the panchayet members and pradahan not made any heed and directed her to contact the <a class="zem_slink" title="Baduria (Vidhan Sabha constituency)" href=",88.7833333333&amp;spn=0.1,0.1&amp;q=22.7333333333,88.7833333333 (Baduria%20%28Vidhan%20Sabha%20constituency%29)&amp;t=h" target="_blank" rel="geolocation">Baduria</a> Block administration. She found the block administration equally unresponsive on her woes. Later, the local panchayet member told her that the age written in her voter identity card (EPIC) is lower and not attract the facilities under old age pension. The aged woman was forced to ferry between the block administration and the member/ pradhan of gram panchayet; while both tried to shirk their responsibility, though she is not in proper physical shape to walk the distance. On 27.07.2011 she made a written complaint to the <a class="zem_slink" title="Block (country subdivision)" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Block Development Officer</a>; Baduria. Again the Block administration asked her to meet the pradhan of the panchayet. At last she made a complaint to the Sub Divisional Officer; <a class="zem_slink" title="Basirhat (Lok Sabha constituency)" href=",88.89&amp;spn=1.0,1.0&amp;q=22.66,88.89 (Basirhat%20%28Lok%20Sabha%20constituency%29)&amp;t=h" target="_blank" rel="geolocation">Basirhat</a> on 18.3.2013, but, without any respite.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The poor woman has been suffering for the administrative wrongs and mistakes for which she is not distantly related. In the EPIC (<a class="zem_slink" title="Identity document" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Identity Card</a> WB/14/094/426232), her age has been stated as 30 years as on 1.1. 1995, and in sharp contrast, her son Mr. Kartik Biswas’s age has been stated in the EPIC (WB/14/094/426007) as 40 years as on 1.1.1995.  In the voter list of 2011, the gaffe continued, as it shows in part number 127 of Polta, Purba Para, Mouza- Polta, <a class="zem_slink" title="John Lennon" href="" target="_blank" rel="homepage">JL</a> No.- 99, Village and Post- Aturia, Police Station- Baduria, the serial no. 452 is of Mr. Kartik Biswas; the son of the victim woman; his age has been shown as 56 years and the serial number 453 is of the victim; her age has been shown as 46 years. So, the mistake was on the part of the administration, and they are duty bound to rectify the same without any delay.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>In this connection I request and demand to you for:-</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>·       The age dispute of the victim woman should be rectified without delay and during the course, she must not face further harassments and troubles</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>·       The victim must be provided with prescribed assistance or benefits in accordance to the state deliverances; Old Age Pension and Antodaya and Annapurna Yojna</p> <p>·       The victim should provided with a proper shelter and safety and security of the victim should be guaranteed with due protection measures</p> <p>·       The irresponsible and delinquent block administration and Panchayet officials should be charged for non compliance of their official duty</p> <p>·       The responsible authority who made mistake regarding her age in the EPIC must be punished</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Thanking You</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>(<a class="zem_slink" title="Kirity Roy" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Kirity Roy</a>)</p> <p>Secretary – MASUM</p> <p><img alt="Inline images 1" src=";ik=f3c16cefa9&amp;view=att&amp;th=13e0c000d640cb2d&amp;attid=0.2&amp;disp=emb&amp;realattid=ii_13df81d85e06c2ed&amp;zw&amp;atsh=1" /></p> <p>Madari Dasi Biswas</p> <p><img alt="Inline images 2" src=";ik=f3c16cefa9&amp;view=att&amp;th=13e0c000d640cb2d&amp;attid=0.1&amp;disp=emb&amp;realattid=ii_13df81e51feee751&amp;zw&amp;atsh=1" /></p> <p>Roof of Madari’s palace</p> <p>Kirity Roy<br /> Secretary<br /> Banglar Manabadhikar Suraksha Mancha<br /> (MASUM)<br /> &amp;<br /> National Convenor (PACTI)<br /> Programme Against Custodial Torture &amp; Impunity<br /> 40A, Barabagan Lane (4th Floor)<br /> Balaji Place<br /> Shibtala<br /> Srirampur<br /> Hooghly<br /> PIN- 712203<br /> Tele-Fax – +91-33-26220843<br /> Phone- +91-33-26220844 / 0845<br /> e. mail : <a href="mailto:[email protected]" target="_blank">[email protected]</a><br /> Web: <a href="" target="_blank"></a></p> <h6 class="zemanta-related-title" style="font-size:1em;">Related articles</h6> <ul class="zemanta-article-ul"> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">Rescued from Mumbai brothels, 18 escape from Bengal shelter #Vaw</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">West Bengal – Inhuman torture by BSF, false police case</a> (</li> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">ATTN DELHI- Release of Fact Finding Report on the Bomb Blast in Dhinkia Panchayat</a> (</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> " data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="alignnone size-full wp-image-17036" src="" sizes="(max-width: 600px) 100vw, 600px" srcset=" 300x, 600x" alt="1984-Anti-Sikh-riot-picture" width="600" height="330" />

The RSS often projects itself as a firm believer in Hindu-Sikh unity. But few realize today that the RSS like the then Congress leadership not only believed that the massacre of the innocent Sikhs was justified, it played a role in it


The Indian state is still searching for the criminals behind 1984 massacre of Sikhs even after elapsing more than three decades. This attitude proves once again that perpetrators of violence against minorities whether in case of Nellie massacre (1983), Sikh massacre (1984), massacre of Muslims in post-Babri mosque demolition (1992), Kandhmal violence against Christians (1997) and Gujarat genocide (2002) will never be punished. In nation-wide cases of horrible killing of Dalits since Independence the reality is as bad. The best Indian State would do is to establish commissions of inquiry and more commissions of inquiry.In the case of 1984 massacre it is generally believed that the Congress cadres were behind this genocide. This may be true but there were other forces too which actively participated in this massacre and whose role has never been investigated. Those who were witness to the genocide of 1984 were stunned by the swiftness and military precision of the killer marauding gangs (later on witnessed during the Babri mosque demolition, burning alive of Dr. Graham Steins with his two sons, 2002 pogrom of the Muslims in Gujarat and cleansing of Christians in parts of Orissa) who went on a burning spree of the innocent Sikhs. This, surely, was beyond the capacity of the thugs led by many Congress leaders.

This document circulated by a prominent ideologue and luminary of RSS, Nana Deshmukh on November 8, 1984 may help in unmasking the whole lot of criminals involved in the massacre of innocent Sikhs who had nothing to do with the killing of Indira Gandhi. This document may also throw light on where the cadres came from, who meticulously organized the killing of Sikhs. Mr. Nana Deshmukh in this document is seen outlining the justification of the massacre of the Sikh community in 1984. According to him the massacre of Sikhs was not the handiwork of any group or anti-social elements but the result of a genuine feeling of anger among Hindus of India.

This document also shows the true degenerated and fascist attitude of the RSS towards all the minorities of India. The RSS has been arguing that they are against Muslims and Christians because they are the followers of foreign religions. Here we find them justifying the butchering of Sikhs who according to their own categorization happened to be the followers of an indigenous religion.

The RSS often poses as a firm believer in Hindu-Sikh unity. But in this document we will hear from the horse’s mouth that the RSS like the then Congress leadership believed that the massacre of the innocent Sikhs was justified. Deshmukh in this document is seen outlining the justification of the massacre of the Sikh community in 1984. His defence of the carnage can be summed up as in the following.

  1. The massacre of Sikhs was not the handiwork of any group or anti-social elements but the result of a genuine feeling of anger.
  2. Deshmukh did not distinguish the action of the two security personnel of Indira Gandhi, who happened to be Sikhs, from that of the whole Sikh community. From his document it emerges that the killers of Indira Gandhi were working under some kind of mandate of their community. Hence attacks on Sikhs were justified.
  3. Sikhs themselves invited these attacks, thus advancing the Congress theory of justifying the massacre of the Sikhs.
  4. He glorified the ‘Operation Blue Star’ and described any opposition to it as anti-national. When Sikhs were being killed in thousands he was warning the country of Sikh extremism, thus offering ideological defense of those killings.
  5. It was Sikh community as a whole which was responsible for violence in Punjab.
  6. Sikhs should have done nothing in self-defence but showed patience and tolerance against the killer mobs.
  7. These were Sikh intellectuals and not killer mobs which were responsible for the massacre. They had turned Sikhs into a militant community, cutting them off from their Hindu roots, thus inviting attacks from the nationalist Indians. Interestingly, Deshmukh would not mind having militant Hindus. Moreover, he treated all Sikhs as part of the same gang and defended attacks on them as a reaction of the nationalist Hindus.
  8. He described Indira Gandhi as the only leader who could keep the country united and on the killing of such a great leader such killings could not be avoided.
  9. Rajiv Gandhi who succeeded Mrs. Gandhi as the Prime Minister of India and justified the nation-wide killings of Sikhs by saying, “When a huge tree falls there are always tremors felt”, was lauded and blessed by Nana Deshmukh at the end of the document.
  10. Shockingly, the massacre of Sikhs was being equated with the attacks on the RSS cadres after the killing of Gandhiji and we find Deshmukh advising Sikhs to suffer silently. Everybody knows that the killing of Gandhiji was inspired by the RSS and the Hindutva Ideology whereas the common innocent Sikhs had nothing to do with the murder of Mrs. Indira Gandhi.
  11. There was not a single sentence in the Deshmukh document demanding, from the then Congress Government at the Centre, remedial measures for controlling the violence against the minority community. Mind it, that Deshmukh circulated this document on November 8, 1984, and from October 31 to this date Sikhs were left alone to face the killing gangs. In fact November 5-10 was the period when the maximum killings of Sikhs took place. Deshmukh was just not bothered about all this.

Sikh women hold photographs of riot victims during a protest in Delhi. AP photo

Sikh women hold photographs of riot victims during a protest in Delhi. AP photo

The Deshmukh document did not happen in isolation. It represented the real RSS attitude towards Sikh genocide of 1984. It may be relevant to know here that the RSS cadres did not come forward in defence of the Sikhs. The RSS is very fond of circulating publicity material, especially photographs of its khaki shorts-clad cadres doing social work. For the 1984 violence they have none. In fact, Deshmukh’s article also made no mention of the RSS cadres going to the rescue of Sikhs under siege. This shows the real intentions of the RSS during the genocide.

This document was published in the Hindi Weekly Pratipaksh edited by George Fernandes who later became Defence Minister of India in the NDA regime, in its edition of November 25, 1984 titled ‘Indira Congress-RSS collusion’ with the following editorial comment:

“The author of the following document is known as an ideologue and policy formulator of the RSS. After the killing of Prime Minister (Indira Gandhi) he distributed this document among prominent politicians. It has a historical significance that is why we have decided to publish it, violating policy of our Weekly. This document highlights the new affinities developing between the Indira Congress and the RSS. We produce here the Hindi translation of the document.”

[The Deshmukh document is reproduced below. It is translated here from Hindi by Shamsul Islam [parts of the document have been underlined for emphasis]MOMENTS OF SOUL SEARCHING

Indira Gandhi ultimately did secure a permanent place at the doorstep of history as a great martyr. With her dynamism borne out of her fearlessness and dexterity, she was able to take the country forward like a colossus for over a decade and was able to build an opinion that she alone understood the realities of the country, that she alone had the ability to run the decadent political system of our corrupt and divided society, and probably that she alone could keep the country united. She was a great lady and her death as a brave leader had added to her greatness. She was killed by a person in whom she kept faith despite several complaints. Such an influential and busy personality was killed by a person who had the duty to protect her person. This act came as a blow not only to her admirers in the country and the world but also her critics. This cowardly and treacherous act of killing not only ended the life of a great leader but also killed, in the name of the Panth, the mutual faith of humanity. Explosion of sudden arson and violent hysteria throughout the country was probably a direction-less and improper expression of the hurt, anger and feeling of loss of her followers. Lakhs of her followers used to see her as the only defender, powerful protector, and a symbol of united India. It is a different matter whether this is right or wrong.

For these innocent and uninformed followers, the treacherous murder of Indira Gandhi was the tragic culmination of the poisonous campaign of separatism, antagonism and violence conducted over the previous three years in which hundreds of innocents had to lose their invaluable lives and the sanctity of religious places was destroyed. This campaign assumed an ominous pace after the painful army action in June which, in the eyes of most of the people of the country, had become necessary to protect the sanctity of the religious places. Barring a few exceptions, the Sikh community observed silence for a long time on the barbaric massacres and heinous killings of innocent people, but they condemned the long-pending army action with anger and dangerous explosiveness. The country was stunned at their attitude. The army action was compared to the “gallu ghara” action of Ahmed Shah Abdali in 1762 to desecrate the Harmandir Sahib. 

Without going into the objectives of the two incidents, Mrs. Gandhi was pushed into the category of Ahmed Shah Abdali. She was termed the enemy of the Sikh panth and big prizes were announced on her head. On the other hand Bhindrawale who was guilty of heinous crimes against humanity in the name of religion was hailed as a martyr. Open display of such feelings in different parts of the country and abroad played a special role in increasing the distrust and alienation between the Sikhs and the rest of Indians. In the background of this distrust and alienation, stunned and bewildered people accepted the validity of the rumours of celebrations by the Sikhs at the heinous murder of Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards in retaliation of the army action. Of these the most hurting explanation was that of Giani Kripal Singh who being the Head Granthi considered himself to be the sole spokesman of the Sikh community. He said that he expressed no sorrow at the death of Indira Gandhi. This statement added fuel to the fire of boiling anger. No immediate and natural condemnation of this despicable statement by an important leader came from responsible Sikh leaders, intellectuals or organization. Therefore the already angered common and unimaginative people took it as correct that the Sikhs celebrated the death of Indira Gandhi. Because of this belief, selfish elements could succeed in making the common people become violent against the hapless Sikhs.

This was a most explosive situation which needed utmost patience and skillful conduct on behalf of our Sikh brothers. I am saying this, being a life member of the RSS, because on January 30, 1948 a Hindu fanatic, who was a Marathi and had no relation with the RSS, rather was a bitter critic of the Sangh, committed unfortunate killing of Mahatma Gandhi. On this occasion we also suffered the sudden eruption of hysteria, loot and atrocities of misdirected people. We ourselves saw how selfish elements who were well acquainted with this incident, deliberately declared a murderer to be a member of the RSS and also spread the rumour that the RSS people were celebrating throughout the country death of Mahatma Gandhi, and thus they succeeded in diverting the love and the feeling of loss and hurt in the hearts of people for Gandhi. Such feelings were spread against Swayamsewaks and their families, particularly in Maharashtra.

Having gone through such experiences myself, I can understand the strong reaction and feeling of innocent Sikh brothers who became of victims of sudden eruption of people’s violent hysteria. In fact, I would like to condemn in strongest words the inhuman barbarity and cruelty on Sikh brothers in Delhi and elsewhere. I feel proud of all those Hindu neighbours who protected lives and property of troubled Sikh brothers without caring for their lives. Such things one being heard from all over Delhi. These things have practically increased the faith in natural goodness of human behavior and particularly faith in Hindu nature.

#Censorship #WTFnews" data-image-description="<p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">NO STUDENTS UNIONS, NO DISSENT, AS STUDENTS IN TWO <a class="zem_slink" title="London" href=",-0.1275&amp;spn=0.1,0.1&amp;q=51.5072222222,-0.1275 (London)&amp;t=h" target="_blank" rel="geolocation">CENTRAL</a> MINORITY <a class="zem_slink" title="University" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">UNIVERSITIES</a> LOSE THEIR RIGHT TO SPEAK</span></p> <div> <div> <p><b>By ASAD ASHRAF</b></p> <p>Thu Feb 20, 2014</p> <p><img alt="h1280" src="" width="280" height="225" align="left" /></p> <p><b><a class="zem_slink" title="New Delhi" href=",77.2088888889&amp;spn=0.1,0.1&amp;q=28.6138888889,77.2088888889 (New%20Delhi)&amp;t=h" target="_blank" rel="geolocation">NEW DELHI</a>: </b>It is not a coincidence that successive governments and successive <a class="zem_slink" title="Chancellor (education)" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Vice Chancellors</a>, after the supposedly temporary and regular disbanding of students unions, have not allowed these to come up in two of the largest minority educational institutions in the country, <a class="zem_slink" title="Jamia Millia Islamia" href=",77.28015&amp;spn=0.01,0.01&amp;q=28.5616083333,77.28015 (Jamia%20Millia%20Islamia)&amp;t=h" target="_blank" rel="geolocation">Jamia Millia Islamia</a> and <a class="zem_slink" title="Aligarh Muslim University" href="" target="_blank" rel="homepage">Aligarh Muslim University</a>.</p> <p>Citing violence and anti-social behaviour on campus, the authorities, have muzzled the students democratic rights to the point where they cannot even question the caterers for poor quality food. It has become the excuse for authoritarian clampdowns with the students unable to speak freely or exercise their right to dissent.</p> <p>Several faculty members supporting the students demand for the restoration of student bodies said that the targeting was prompted by security-prompted suspicion of the minority youths with a decision being taken at the centre that the students of these two large minority institutions should not be allowed the freedom that comes with unions. It might be recalled that the <a class="zem_slink" title="Amu (film)" href="" target="_blank" rel="homepage">AMU</a> students union in particular has been a learning ground for minority politicians, many of whom rose to be legislators and ministers in government.</p> <p>The Citizen takes a look at the Jamia Millia Islamia and the AMU students search for representation. In both places the students have been demanding a students union, but have been particularly unfortunate in recent years with a bureaucrat-turned-vice chancellor in <a class="zem_slink" title="Najeeb Jung" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Najeeb Jung</a> at Jamia, and a military general-turned-vice chancellor in Lt General <a class="zem_slink" title="Zameerud-din Shah" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Zameeruddin Shah</a> in AMU preferring the whip to dialogue and the restoration of rights.</p> </div> <div></div> </div> <div><span style="line-height: 1.5em;">Patches of green clay, a lock, spiders and webs, and a faded poster with a stanza from Avtar Singh Pash’s poetry are all that is visible of what used to be the students union office in Jamia. The last students union was formed here in 2005 when historian Mushir ul Hasan was the Vice Chancellor, disbanded in 2006 after a violent tussle between students and the authorities, and has since never been allowed to be formed again.</span></div> <p>Najeeb Jung who became the vice chancellor in 2009 said initially that he would investigate why the union was disbanded but went on to clamp suppressive measures on the students in Jamia. There is palpable fear in the university, with students refusing to speak on record lest they be victimised for supporting a students union. There is a complete absence of a grievance redressal mechanism in the university, with a student of sociology Riyaz (name changed) maintaining that it was “shameful to see a university born out of the nationalist struggle crushing the democratic rights of the students.”</p> <p>Several petitions were filed in the court in the last few years by students of the university asking courts to intervene and look into the matter of the restoration of the union on the campus in the interest of democratic values. None of these petitions have delivered results so far but those who had filed these petitions are facing disciplinary actions by the university.</p> <p>Hamid Ur Rahman , a Gold medalist undergraduate student of the political science department of the 2009-2012 batch was one of those petitioners. He is now found going from court to court fighting cases filed against him by the university.</p> <p>The <a class="zem_slink" title="Academic administration" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">University administration</a> accused him of entering the campus forcefully. According to a report in The Hindu dated Jan. 6 2013,Jamia filed an FIR (date not specified) against Hamidur Rehman, a 2012 Jamia graduate, in what appears to be an allegation of instigating a riot on campus; a criminal offense that could land him in prison.</p> <p>Hamid looks at this as a high level administrative conspiracy against him and called these allegations baseless and a handiwork of the university administration to force him take back his public interest litigation filed in the High court for <a class="zem_slink" title="Students' union" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Student Union</a> Elections.</p> <p>While talking to The Citizen, Hamid explained, “Some corrupt administrative officials have destroyed the secular and representative spirit of <a class="zem_slink" title="Java Metadata Interface" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">JMI</a> and infected such a prestigious varsity with the virus of nepotism. I felt that a few authoritarian and dictatorial people in the JMI administration should not take undue advantage of the students silence and play with their future with impunity. As a student of political science I realized not to be silent for once and that’s why I filed the PIL for the restoration of democracy in my campus”.</p> <p>Another Student Bhavna (name changed) said, “Being denied a student union in the university is a clear violation of the broader democratic values.”</p> <p>A student of the History department said, “This is sheer discrimination against the students of this university, we are not allowed to have even our parents stay in our hostel rooms for day, where else does this happen? For trivial issues we are served show cause notices, we cannot sit in the campus after six in the evening; we cannot question the canteen owner for the quality of the food.”</p> <p>He said, “why is everything in minority universities looked at from the perspective of national security, are we students or terrorists? Why can’t we enjoy the same privileges which the students of the other university enjoy?”</p> <p>In AMU, after several years the disbanded students union was revived im 2009 after a prolonged struggle by the students. But the new vice chancellor Lt General Shah disbanded it again shortly after he came to office last year, and since then AMU too has been without a students body. Students have been protesting but to no avail with a vigilante administration in both universities keeping a close watch on the agitating students to identify potential “troublemakers.”</p> <p>Inayat Zaidi, a senior professor at the department of History in JMI, said , “Earlier I was against the student union elections in Jamia Millia Islamia because of certain anti social elements from the locality taking undue advantage of it and also because in the time of other vice chancellors there was some kind of mechanism through which grievances of the students were heard. But in the last four years, the democratic voices of the students have been completely crushed, and I now understanding the importance of a students union.” After a pause he added, “what kind of democratic values are we going to give our students if we continue in this fashion.”</p> <p>Atul Anjan , a senior leader of the CPI and a firebrand student leader of during his university days said, “the recent vice chancellors appointed in the university are careerists who see progressive political Mobilization within the University as a roadblock and hindrance to their political ambitions.”</p> <p>He further accused the Salman Khurshid family of unnecessarily intervening in JMI affairs saying, “Leaders like him do not want progressive Muslim leadership to emerge through democratic student movements in these universities as they will challenge their hegemony and leave them nowhere”.</p> <p>In the absence of a democratic students union, the two minority institutions are being controlled by mafias. In JMI particularly the land mafia is in a dominating position, having a say in appointments and admissions according to insiders. Asked about allegations of violence and anti-social infiltration of Unions, AMU students who had earlier come to Delhi said that this was just an excuse, as the authorities could always ensure that such persons were not allowed on campus. “It is the politicians and the mafias who infiltrate the students, often with full support of the administration, and then blame us and make us pay the price for their politics.”</p> <p>Read more here —</p> <p></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div class="zemanta-pixie" style="margin-top: 10px; height: 15px;"><a class="zemanta-pixie-a" title="Enhanced by Zemanta" href=""><img class="zemanta-pixie-img" style="border: none; float: right;" alt="Enhanced by Zemanta" src="" /></a></div> " data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="size-full wp-image-33575" src="" sizes="(max-width: 600px) 100vw, 600px" srcset=" 300x, 600x" alt="RSS workers take part in the daily morning drill in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Reuters" width="600" height="330" />

RSS workers take part in the daily morning drill in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Reuters

I am also worried at the Sikh reaction in such delicate and explosive situation. As an activist engaged in national reconstruction and unity for half a century and being a well-wisher of Sikh community I am hesitating in saying that if reactive armed action by Sikhs is even partly true then they have not been able to evaluate the situation correctly and comprehensively and as a result could not respond according to the situation.

Here I wish to draw the attention of all my countrymen including Sikhs that in a similar difficult situation arising out of murder of Mahatma Gandhi when in the hysteria against the RSS crimes of destruction of property, heinous burning alive of children, inhuman cruelty etc. were being committed and the news was reaching Nagpur from all over India, then the ‘dictator’ of the RSS known as the so-called big private army, the then head of the Sangh late M.S. Golwalkar issued an appeal in Nagpur on February 1, 1948 to the lakhs of armed young followers throughout the country in the following unforgettable words:

‘I direct all my Swayamsewak brothers that despite spread of provocation due to lack of understanding, they should adopt cordial attitude towards all and remember that this mutual distrust and improper hysteria is the result of the love and respect that the whole country has for Mahatma who made the country great in the eyes of the world. We salute such great respected departed soul’.

These were not empty words to hide cowardice and helplessness in the hopeless situation. In those life threatening serious moments he proved that every word of his appeal had a meaning. On the evening of February 1, hundreds of Swayamsewaks in Nagpur urged for armed resistance and resisting till the last drop of their blood to stop the probable attack on their leader the same night. And some associates of Guruji told him of a conspiracy against his life and requested to shift his residence to a safe place before the attack, Guruji told them in such a black moment also that if the same people whom he had truly and with full ability, served throughout his life wanted to take his life, then why and for whom he should save his life. Thereafter he cautioned them in stern voice that even if a drop of blood of his countrymen was shed in saving him, then such a life would be useless for him. History is a witness that lakhs of Swayamsewaks spread throughout the country followed this directive word by word. Though they had to digest vulgarities in exchange of their patience and tolerance but there was a faith to give them patience that whatever may happen to them in present condition, history will definitely prove them innocent.

I hope that in present difficult situation my Sikh brothers will also show the above-referred patience and tolerance. But I am deeply pained to know that rather than displaying such tolerance and patience at some places they have retaliated against the crowd with arms and played into the hands of such selfish elements who were eager to spread the trouble. I am surprised how a section of our society considered to be most disciplined, organized and religious, adopted such a negative and self-defeating attitude. May be they could not get proper leadership at the moments of such a crisis. Through my scanty study and understanding of Sikh history I consider that such a nonpolitical reaction of Sikhs in moments of such a crisis came from their complete involvement with teachings of love, tolerance and sacrifice of Sikh nature. Warrior nature of Sikh religion was a short time provision against barbarity of foreign Mughals which was taught by tenth Guru. For him Khalsa was a relatively small part of a broad Hindu-Sikh brotherhood and was designed as an armed hand to defend Hindu community and its traditions. Guru Govind Singh laid down for Khalsa followers five KS (Kesh, Kripan, Kangha, Kara and Kachha) and ‘Singh’ in the name of Khalsas. This was a symbol of their being soldiers. But unfortunately today these only are being projected as basic and necessary forms of Sikh religion.

I am sorry to say that Sikh intellectuals too have failed to understand that conversion of Sikh religion into Khalsaism is a much later event and this was due to deliberate plan of British imperialists to divide and rule in Punjab. Its aim was to cut the Sikhs off from their Hindu environ. Unfortunately, after independence power hungry politicians kept alive for their own interest the unnaturally born problems of separation and equal existence, and carried forward the game of imperialists to divide and rule by their vote bank politics. This improper equating of Sikhs with militant Khalsaism is not only the basic root of separatist tendencies in some parts of Sikh community, but it also raised militancy and faith in the power of weapons to the level of religious worship.

The late prime minister Indira Gandhi whose assassination on October 31, 1984 sparked the anti-Sikh riots in Delhi and across India.

The late prime minister Indira Gandhi whose assassination on October 31, 1984 sparked the anti-Sikh riots in Delhi and across India.

This religious worship gave rise to terrorist movement like Babbar Khalsa in the second decade and recently Indira Gandhi was killed as a result of
terrorist wave under the leadership of Bhindranwale and a long ‘hit list’ is yet to be executed.

I used to imagine that Sikh community has freed itself totally from illiteracy, ignorance, frustration and defeatism in which it was in the fifth decade of 19th century after losing its freedom and which was exploited by cunning British imperialists and selfish Sikh elites for their selfish interests. It is clear that in eighth decade Sikhs adorning the places of high responsibility represent highly educated, laborious, vigilant, relatively rich, enlightened and active section of Indian society in every walk of life. In nineteenth century their experiences and vision was limited to the boundaries of the then Punjab but today they are spread not only throughout India but throughout the world, and they are in a situation to directly know the conspiracies of big powers which are being hatched against independent and united India rising strongly in the world. In such an advantageous situation they should know their historical development as an integral part of India.

Such a revaluation of history will give them the opportunity to see many wrong formulations of their own religion and past which has been systematically drilled into their brains by wrong and distorted historical writings by British administrators and intellectuals about nature and development of their religion. Such an attempt will take them to their real roots.

This is the time that our Sikh brothers should search their hearts so that they can get rid of the false description inserted by British imperialists and power greedy opportunist people into their basic religious nature. Removal of such false descriptions is necessary to bridge the gulf of distrust and alienation between two communities of similar destiny, nature and similar traditions. I am afraid that without such a self-introspection and revaluation of history they would not be able to live with peace among themselves and with other countrymen. A disinterested analysis of their own enlightened interests will be enough to make them understand that their fate is indivisibly linked with the destiny of India. Such an understanding will save them from falling prey to the disruptive and destructive interests of foreign powers.

I disbelieve [sic] that my Sikh brothers will accept the cautious words of spiritual expression of a well-wisher

Lastly, it is not to deny the truth that sudden removal of Indira Gandhi from Indian political scene has created a dangerous void in the Indian common life. But India has always displayed a characteristic inner strength in the moments of such crisis and uncertainty. According to our traditions, responsibility of power has been placed on the inexperienced shoulders of relatively young person in a lively and peaceful manner. It will be hasty to judge the potentialities of his leadership at this time. We should give him some time to show his ability.

On such challenging juncture of the country, in the meanwhile he is entitled to get full cooperation and sympathy from the countrymen, though they may belong to any language, religion, caste or political belief.

In the capacity of a nonpolitical constructive worker I only hope and pray that God bless him with more mature, balanced, inner strength and ability to give an impartial Govt. to the people so that he can take the country to real prosperous unity and glory.

Guru Nanak Divas
November 8, 1984
Nana Deshmukh


Courtesy- Caravan Daily

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