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Jharkhand – Tribals being armed to fight Tribals #WTFnews

                                             “Tribals to be trained in guerrilla warfare to fight Maoists in state”     

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Stan Swamy

The newspaper report goes on to spell out govt’s plan. Two special battalions comprising of youths from the primitive tribal groups in the state will be recruited and trained in advanced guerrilla warfare to fight the Maoists in the forests.

They will help the security forces in anti-insurgency operations.  The reason for choosing these e tribal  youths is that they  are born and brought up in forest areas and are well aware of the surroundings and have the capability to survive in odd situations.

 

Following  important questions arise: (1) who are the ‘Maoists’ in Jharkhand? (2) who are the Adivasis? (3) who are the Primitive Tribal groups in Jharkhand and what is their present socio- economic condition? (4) what does the Supreme Court say?

 

(1) who are the ‘Maoists’ in Jharkhand?

It is common knowledge that most so-called ‘maoists’ in Jharkhand are local Adivasis. Some of the top leadership may have come from outside the state but the cadres are mostly Adivasis and some Moolvasis. This can be proven by the fact that from 1st January to 30th June 2014, a span of six months, 243 persons were arrested in Jharkhand under the charge of being Maoists or helpers of Maoists. Of them, 186 (77%) are local Adivasis.

In so- called  ‘encounters’,  more than 10 persons were killed of whom 7 (70%) are Adivasis.

It is proof enough to conclude that for the government Adivasi is automatically Maoist.So repression of the Adivasi community goes in the name of ‘action against maoists’.

(2) Who are the Adivasis?   

The answer is given by no less a body than the Supreme Court of India. In a ground breaking judgment [Criminal Appeal No: 11/2011] the court observed that “the original inhabitants of India were not the Dravidians but the pre-Dravidians Munda aborigines whose descendants presently live in parts of Chotanagpur (Jharkhand), Chattisgarh, Orissa, West Bengal, etc., the Todas of the Nilgiris in Tamil Nadu, the tribals in the Andaman Islands, the Adivasis in various parts of India (especially in the forests and hills) e.g. Gonds, Santhals, Bhils, etc. … The injustice done to the tribal people of India is a shameful chapter in our country’s history.

The tribals were called `rakshas’ (demons), `asuras’, and what not. They were slaughtered in large numbers, and the survivors and their descendants were degraded, humiliated, and all kinds of atrocities inflicted on them for centuries. They were deprived of their lands, and pushed into forests and hills where they eke out a miserable existence of poverty, illiteracy, disease, etc. And now efforts are being made by some people to deprive them even of their forest and hill land where they are living, and the forest produce on which they survive.” [thus far the exact words of Supreme Court. Emphasis added].                                                          Is it any wonder then that the Adivasis are no more prepared to go on suffering the exploitation and oppression by the ruling capitalist class which is using the govt as a convenient tool to usurp the mineral-and-forest-rich land to reap immense profit.

When the corporates, the business class, the urban middle class, the govt bureaucracy from top to bottom, the police & para-military forces, most of the print & electronic media, most political parties all have become his enemy, where else can the poor Adivasi turn to except the ‘comrades’ (jangal-bhai) who offer at least some protection from being completely exterminated.

(3) Who are the ‘Primitive Tribals’?     

The Primitive Tribal Groups are the most neglected section of the population in independent India. In Jharkhand they are the Asur, the Birhor, the Birjia, the Korwa, the Hill Pahariya, the Paharia, the Savar and the Sauriya Pahariya. The total population of the primitive tribes in Jharkhand is 1,94,8351 .

These tribal groups are nomadic and still in the food gathering stage. They roam about in the forests for their livelihood. Because of their nomadic nature, literacy, healthcare and settled agriculture have been delayed to them. If these groups are not taken care of, they may entirely be wiped out. Practically all the primitive tribal groups have shown a negative population growth.

This is due to low birth rate and high mortality, high infant mortality, susceptibility to diseases, low health status and threat from endemic diseases like sickle cell, anemia and infertility to mention a few.

The literacy rate is less than 10% and among women it is as low as 2% to 3%. [Alex Ekka A Status of Adivasis/Indigenous Peoples Land Series – 4 JHARKHAND, AAKAR BOOKS & The Other Media, 2011, pp.21-23]

First of all, the very labelling is wrong. Whether they come under general Adivasi or Primitive Adivasi, they all are Adivasis. The ST & SC Order (Amendment) Act, 1976 declares 30 tribes to be scheduled for the state of Jharkhand, including 9 primitive tribal groups. The languages spoken by some of the general as well as primitive tribes  are closely related. They also live in close geographical proximity to each other, mingle with each other in weekly bazaars etc.

So they are one people. It is a cruel injustice to not only segregate them from one another but also place them against each other to serve the political convenience of the ruling class. Seeing the present plight of the primitive tribes, the govt should be forthcoming with meaningful and effective efforts to lift them out of their dire  economic poverty  and social weaknesses. A speedy implementation of Forest Rights Act, 2006 whereby each family will have at least 2 hectares (5 acres) of patta land will go a long way towards a self-sustaining economy.

 (4) What does the Supreme Court say?     

In the context of delivering its verdict on Special Police Officers (SPOs) in Chattisgarh, the court observed that “the fight against Maoist/Naxalite violence cannot be conducted purely as a mere law and order problem… The primordial problem lies deep within the socioeconomic policies pursued by the State on a society that was already endemically, and horrifically, suffering from gross inequalities… This necessarily implies undertaking all those necessary socially, economically and politically remedial policies that lessen social disaffection giving rise to  such extremist violence…” [SC – WRIT PETITION (CIVIL) NO(s). 250 OF 2007]  On this basis, the court ordered the disbanding of the SPOs in Chattisgarh and stoppage of all funds by Central govt as honorarium.

To conclude, shall we say that Instead of abiding by what common human sense would dictate and SC’s directive, the govt’s proposal to handpick some youngsters from the primitive tribal adivasis and train them in guerrilla warfare to fight, and shall we say kill, other adivasis in the pretence of fighting Maoists will be the  unkindest cut of all. It should be resisted tooth and nail.

 

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Fight continues for Dalit activist – Sudhir Dhawale

By Abhijit Sathe | May 31, 2014, 02.30 AM IST
Pune Mirror
Fight continues for Dalit activist
Sudhir Dhawale
Released from jail recently, Sudhir Dhawale is openly critical of reckless govt branding of activists as naxalites.

Sudhir Dhawale — the Dalit activist who recently walked free after three years in prison for allegedly being a naxal supporter — is back in Mumbai, where he edits a Marathi periodical Vidrohi; he says he is even more determined, after his acquittal, to continue his fight against caste discrimination in Maharashtra.

The court in Gondia which tried him observed that the revolutionary material recovered from his house in Mumbai as a follow-up to the case was ‘open source material.’

The activist, who in 2007 had launched the ‘Republican Panther Jati Antachi Chalwal’ a movement for eradication of caste in Maharashtra, is acerbic about how the government comes down on such activists and books them by stamping them as naxal supporters.

He dismisses the ‘Tanta Mukt Gaon Abhiyan’ (disputefree village project) in the state, mooted by the Congress-NCP government, as nothing short of a ‘khaap’, dominated by the upper class or NCP workers who have a nexus with local police. “This ensures that atrocities against Dalits and the oppressed don’t get reported,” he told Mirror.

A critic of both the Congress-NCP and BJP governments, Dhawale feels that Dalits and the backward people would find no change emerging with the arrival of the right-wing BJP government at the Centre.

“Both the Congress and the BJP have fascist agendas and are casteist. While people criticise Modi for what he did in Gujarat, what the Congress did to Sikhs during 1984 riots is no different,” Dhawale says.

Dhawale, a native of Nagpur, now settled in Mumbai, was attending the third Ambedkarite Sahitya Sammelan at Wardha in January 2011, when he was arrested by a joint team of ATS and ANO at Wardha railway station. Post his arrest, political leaders and social activists like Prakash Ambedkar, N P Patil, J V Pawar, Urmila Pawar, Anant Patwardhan met R R Patil to protest.

According to Gondia police, a surrendered naxal admitted to meeting Dhawale during a gathering of naxalites at a church in Vasai in 2006.

“Patil was so confident about my involvement as a naxal supporter that he told the delegation he would apologise to the state if I were to be acquitted. No apology has come so far from Patil,” Dhawale remarks.

At Bhandara, and subsequently at Nagpur jail, Dhawale said he came across 60-70 tribals who had been falsely charged with being naxal supporters, due to feeding naxalites who visited their villages. The tribals were so poor they had no one to fight their cases and their families could not afford to visit them in jail.

Fortunately, a group of advocates from the region have reached out to them to fight their cases. A PIL was also filed by a social activist from Nagpur, following which the government promised to set up a commission to probe false cases against them. But nothing has come up so far.

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Maharashtra – ‘truth’ behind an encounter

KORCHI (GADCHIROLI), March 31, 2014

PAVAN DAHAT

On the night of February 17, the Maharashtra police claimed to have killed seven Naxals “in a retaliatory fire” after they fired at the team patrolling Betkathi in the Korchi division of Gadchiroli district.

But Pappu alias Vijay Prakash Gupta, who runs a dhaba (a roadside eatery) at Korchi, said it was he who took the seven Naxals to the police after which they were shot from a close range.

The Gadchiroli police deny Mr. Gupta’s claims.

Mr. Gupta told The Hindu: “I have been supplying basic stuff to Naxals to get their confidence. At times, the police would help me provide the material to Naxals. In the past two years, I managed to win the trust of Naxals, and they started frequenting my dhaba.”

Narrating the sequence of events, Mr. Gupta said: “On the night of February 17, seven Naxals, including two women, came to my dhaba, and their leader Lalasu asked me to drop them in Kotgul village.”

Mr. Gupta, who said he had been working as a police informer for more than 10 years, used his black Tata Sumo Gold to ferry the Naxals to Kotgul, but claimed to have informed Deputy Inspector-General (Gadchiroli Range) Ravindra Kadam of it.

“Kadam told me that he would send a team and asked me to come towards Betkathi village. Around half-a-km before Betkathi, seven policemen, led by inspector Tiwari of the Chichgad station, were standing near their vehicle. I stopped my vehicle right in front of them, and they opened fire on the Naxals,” Mr. Gupta said. He managed to hide near the steering wheel of his vehicle.

According to Mr. Gupta, he had asked five Naxals to keep their weapons under the back seat, and only Lalasu, sitting on the front seat, had his AK-47 with him. “Six Naxals were killed, but Lalasu was alive and put his gun to my head. I managed to push him out, and the police shot him dead.”

After the killings, the police repaired his vehicle and offered him Rs.10 lakh, he said.

The Gadchiroli police never disclosed that the Naxals were trapped in a vehicle and killed. But, the news spread in Korchi that it was Mr. Gupta who helped the police trap the militants. Since then, Mr. Gupta has been running for his life.

“Now the Naxals know that I was a police informer, and they are out to eliminate me. The police have refused to give me security,” said Mr. Gupta, who owns three restaurants and five vehicles.

Mr. Gupta said he was a patriot and never worked for money. “Naxals are anti-nationals, and I supported the police so as to eliminate them. But the police use people like me and abandon us when their purpose is served.” He decided to approach the media so that the police would protect their informers.

Police deny charges

“The encounter was based on intelligence inputs, and no one exposes his informers. I have no idea what Mr. Gupta is telling the people. But we are ready to provide him security if he needs it,” Mr. Kadam said.

Read  more here — http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/an-informer-reveals-truth-behind-an-encounter/article5852032.ece

 

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NHRC seeks report from Dantewada Teachers beating students

NHRC seeks report from Dantewada authorities
Last Updated: Tuesday, December 31, 2013, 14:27

New Delhi: National Human Rights Commission Tuesday sought a report from authorities in Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh after teachers of a Navodaya Vidyalaya allegedly thrashed and rusticated some students after branding them as Naxalites.

According to an NHRC statement released today, the Commission has served notice to the District Magistrate of Dantewada asking him to submit a report in this regard within three weeks.

The notice was issued after the Commission took suo motu cognisance of a media report which alleged that some teachers beat Class X students of Kendriya Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya with slippers and termed them as Naxalites.

The incident took place in Barsoor in Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh. They also rusticated them for ten days.

Reportedly, there was a quarrel between the two groups of students, which infuriated the teachers.

The Commission said the contents of the press report, if true, raise concerns on human rights violation of the students.

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#India – PUDR , Binayak Sen, condemn killing of Chhattisgarh journalist by Maoists

Express News Service : Raipur, Thu Dec 26 2013,

The Peoples Union for Democratic Rights (PUDR) condemned Wednesday the killing of journalist Sai Reddy by Maoists in Bijapur district of Bastar region earlier this month. In a statement, the PUDR slammed the subsequent admission by Maoists that Reddy was killed because he “played an active role against the people’s movement in Basaguda and Usur in the last two decades”.

PUDR secretaries Asish Gupta and D Manjit noted: “Ironically, Sai Reddy not only wrote against Salwa Judum but was arrested by the police in 2008 and charged under the Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act for allegedly being a Maoist supporter.

“PUDR is convinced that the death sentence meted out by CPI (Maoist) cannot be defended because all death sentences are arbitrary, subjective and irrevocable.”

The PUDR also noted that in February, Maoists had killed another Bastar-based journalist Nemichand Jain in Sukma, and later apologised for the killing saying it was “a miscalculation and result of narrow-mindedness of the lower committee”.

“Such an apology falls short of the obligation that all sides in an armed conflict have towards civilians in general and journalists, doctors, teachers and other non-combatants. First, an apology after killing does not necessarily commit the Party (CPI-Maoist) to put a stop to carrying out death sentences, as evident from the more recent killing of Sai Reddy. The irrevocability and finality associated with a death sentence apart, as seen in Nemichand’s killing, such conduct is in defiance of humanitarian laws that govern armed conflicts/wars,” the PUDR statement said.

Highlighting the growing indiscipline in the CPI (Maoist), the PUDR questioned whether the rebels are serious about implementing their own constitution. “The killings were carried out without complying with the provision of their own constitution which obliges the local committee under Article 5(h) of the ‘policy programme of Revolutionary People’s Committees’ to seek approval of higher instance,” the statement noted.

Read more here- http://www.indianexpress.com/news/pudr-condemns-killing-of-journalist/1211736/

 

Binayak Sen condemns; Sai Reddy not informer: DGP

Aman Sharma, ET Bureau Dec 21, 2013,
T
(Binayak Sen condemns; Sai…)

NEW DELHI: In a busy market in the troubled Bastar region of Chhattisgarh earlier this month, four Maoists armed with an axe and knives hacked a senior journalist to death, just 100 metres from a police station.

Sai Reddy, the Bijapur bureau chief of the Deshbandhu newspaper, was one of many civilian who were killed by the Maoists, or Naxals, in the state’s conflict zone that has a long history of violence.

But this time, the murder has triggered a strong reaction from the journalist community — more than 130 journalists working in Bastar for regional and national publications have decided to boycott the Naxals by not covering news releases from them.

The killing has also invited strong criticism from an unlikely source — Binayak Sen’s People Union for Civil Liberties that usually targets excesses of the security forces.

“We strongly condemn this killing. We do not approve of violence,” Sen, who was earlier convicted and jailed for his alleged links with Naxals and is fighting sedition charges at the Chhattisgarh High Court, told ET.

The editor of a prominent regional newspaper said he does not support the boycott but that he has no “moral authority” to tell his journalists in Bastar to stop doing so, because he cannot ensure their safety.

The Naxals, in a statement on December 17, said they killed Sai because he was working as a police informer and spy. The state’s director general of police, Ram Niwas, denied this, telling ET that Sai was in no way helping his force.

In fact, Sai had been arrested by Chhattisgarh police in 2008, branding him as a Naxal sympathiser.

Since 2008, the extremists have killed 1,156 civilians for similar reasons, home ministry data show.

“How can a journalist be working both for police and the Naxals? What is simply not understood by both sides here is that an independent journalist has to speak to both the Naxals and police in a conflict zone to get a true picture,” S Karimmudin, who heads the Bastar District Journalist Association, told ET.

http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-12-21/news/45444276_1_naxals-informer-chhattisgarh-police

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#India – Tribal teacher Soni Sori – and her nephew Lingaram Kodopi get interim Bail

SC grants interim bail to Soni Sori, Lingaram Kodopi

SUVOJIT BAGCHI, Jagdalpur, Nov 12, 2013

Tribal school teacher Soni Sori who has been a victim of custodial abuse.
Tribal school teacher Soni Sori who has been a victim of custodial abuse.

 

The Supreme Court on Tuesday granted interim bail to Soni Sori, the tribal school teacher of Dantewada and her relative journalist, Lingaram Kodopi. In a couple days Ms Sori and Mr Kodopi are expected to be released from jail. Meanwhile Ms Sori and Mr Kodopi will be transferred to Delhi.

Granting the interim bail Justice S S Nirjar said since the Chhattisgarh police has not able to furnish proper reply on time, an interim bail has been granted. The next hearing of the case is on December 3.

The bail application was filed couple of months ago by Ms Sori’s lawyer Colin Gonsalves. Lawyer Prashant Bhusan filed the application on behalf of Lingaram Kodopi. Ms Sori and Mr Kodipi.

While Ms. Sori and Mr. Kodopi either got bail or acquittal in most of the cases, both were denied bail by the Chattisgarh courts. Rejecting the bail petition in Chattisgarh High Court, a couple of months back, Justice Prashant Kumar Mishra said that “on basis of the seriousness of the evidence” the petition had been rejected. Finally, the bail application was filed in the Supreme Court earlier this month.

Ms. Sori has been acquitted in six of the eight cases in the last one and half years, while Mr. Kodopi has been acquitted in the only other case of planning an attack on local Congress leader Avdesh Gautam.

In the present case, regarding Essar Steel, where both Ms Sori and Mr Kodopi have been accused of arranging “protection money” on behalf of the company to Maoists, was the only case in which the accused have not yet been granted bail. The main accused, D.V.C.S Verma, general manager at an Essar steel plant, and B.K. Lala, an Essar contractor, were arrested for allegedly disbursing the money.

Both Mr. Verma and Mr. Lala got bail within few months of their arrest. But Ms Sori and Mr Kodopi have had to wait nearly two and half years.

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#India – Two champions of people’s causes , both from Uttarakhand arrested in the name of Maoism #fabricated

hem

Sanjay Singh : Dehradun, Mon Sep 16 2013,

The two alleged Maoistcouriers arrested in Gadchiroli are both activists who have taken up various social causes in Uttarakhand.Prashant Rahi, 54, is an engineer-turned-journalist who hails from Maharashtra and whose daughter Shikha is a filmmaker, an assistant director for Taare Zameen Par. He was arrested in 2007, too, for alleged Maoist links and got bail thee years later. He participated in labour and other movements in Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh in the 1990s before settling in what is now Uttarakhand, where he worked as a journalist. He was working on providing legal aid to suspected Maoists — “political prisoners” — when he was arrested, allegedly while organising a Maoist training camp.

Hem Mishra, 30, cut his teeth as a student-activist in Almora before moving four years ago to JNU to study Chinese. The causes he took up included water, forest and land, and a shift of the capital from Dehradun to Gairsain. Every year, he would join a programme to pay tribute to those killed in the Rampur Tiraha firing incident in 1994 during the statehood agitation, say people who know him.

Mishra was arrested in August while allegedly couriering material on behalf on Maoists. The arrest of Rahi came days later, in September.

“As part of the Progressive Students’ Front, Hem used to participate in street plays and recite poems written by Girish Tiwari Girda,” says Shamsher Singh Bishta, himself an activist in Almora. “He participated in a padyatra in support of the demand for shifting the capital.”

Retired teacher Keshavdutta Mishra describes Hem, the youngest of his three sons, as “an intelligent boy who loves to participate in cultural activities”. Hem graduated from the SSJ campus of Kumaon University. “Four years ago, he was selected for MSc in mathematics and also for Chinese in JNU,” his father says. “He chose the JNU course… Yes, he is very social and a lover of music. But he has never carried home any literature that would suggest he is involved in Maoist activities.”

He says it is normal practice in Gadchiroli to describe any person after his arrest as a Naxal.

Rahi, 54, or Prashant Sangalikar — police also call him Navin and Mahesh — hails from Nashik. He won a B Tech from Banaras Hindu University in 1982, followed by an M Tech, and worked in a power company in UP’s Sonbhadra district, a left-wing extremism-affected area.

Intelligence sources in Uttarakhand cite a long history with movements — a labour movement in Maharashtra in the 1990s, work with youth organisation Purvanchal Nauzwan Sabha in UP, and a movement for rehabilitation of people affected by the Tehri dam project in what is now Uttarakhand. He had arrived in this region in 1993 and worked till 2000 as a journalist with a local newspaper. What raised suspicion that he was a Maoist sympathiser were his efforts to provide legal help to people arrested for spreading the Maoist ideology.

“Police got information in 2004 about the presence of Maoists in the forest areas near Saufutia. They found evidence suggesting training camps,” an intelligence officer said. This led to a watch on suspected sympathisers and Rahi was arrested from Nanakmata in December 2007. He was charged under the IPC sections for waging or abetting war against the state, sedition and other offences, and under UAPA for being a member of a terrorist organisation or gang.

Police claimed to have recovered copies of a magazine, Aamukh, with articles relating to the CPI (Maoist)’s expansion to Uttarakhand and suggesting it had set up a zonal committee.

His daughter Shikha, then 24, had fought a long legal battle for his release. In 2011, after his release on bail, she had told The Indian Express that the police had accused her father of having conducted training camps in villages.

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#India – Cultural Activist Hem Mishra has no links with Naxalites

‘My son has no links with Naxalites

Soumittra S Bose, TNN | Aug 27, 2013,

NAGPUR: Keshavdutt, father of Hem Mishra, the student of New Delhi‘s Jawaharlal NehruUniversity (JNU) who was arrested for allegedly being courier for Naxalites, has alleged thatGadchiroli police had framed his son in false cases.

Keshavdutt, a retired teacher, claimed Hem was actually picked up from Ballarshah in Chandrapur and not Aheri in Gadchiroli as the police claimed. “False charges were framed against my son as is routinely done by police in Naxalite areas by planting materials on his person. My son is a meritorious student and was never an outlaw as police are projecting him,” he said. Keshavdutt, who spoke to TOI from Almora in Uttarakhand, stated his only knowledge regarding Naxaliteswas what he had gathered from media.

He said that the family was in touch with Hem till August 20 when his mobile phone was suddenly switched off. “We learnt about his arrest and charges from Hem’s contacts in Delhi,” he said. “I spoke to SP Gadchiroli (Mohd Suvez Haque) on phone. The senior officer was telling me about all sorts of charges he framed against Hem which I believe were not true,” the distressed father said.

Police had claimed that Hem was arrested along with Pandu Narote and Mahesh Teerki from Morewada in Aheri Taluka on August 22. The trio, remanded for 10 days in police custody, has been arrested for its alleged connection to top Naxalite cadre and divisional committee member Narmada Akka. Police said Hem was carrying a microchip having details about Naxalite activities in urban centres. A letter and some cash were also found in possession of Hem who, police claimed, was likely to meet Narmada.

Keshavdutt also claimed his son had a congenital problem in his left hand and he was heading to Dr Prakash Amte‘s hospital. “Hem had earlier visited Chennai for treatment and had been visiting elsewhere in the country during vacations. He had already undergone surgery on his hand but was not relieved,” he said. Dr Amte said he was unaware of any development as his Lok Biradari Project Hospital at Hemalkasa in Gadchiroli had been cut-off from rest of the district due to heavy rains. “Am yet to know of any arrest,” he said.

Keshavdutt said his son had an inclination towards culture and stated that he would request son’s party colleagues to ensure legal help for him. “My son wanted to get a job as soon as possible. He was working hard towards it,” he said. The father also called Hem a helpful soul. “Hopefully cops are not torturing him for anything,” he said.

  • #999; padding: 2px; display: block; border-radius: 2px; text-decoration: none;" href="http://www.kractivist.org/india-hem-mishra-jnu-student-sent-to-10-days-police-custody-in-gadchiroli-wtfnews/" target="_blank"> #India – Hem Mishra- JNU student and 2 others sent to 10 days police custody in Gadchiroli #WTFnews
  • #999; padding: 2px; display: block; border-radius: 2px; text-decoration: none;" href="http://www.kractivist.org/india-condemn-arrest-of-hem-mishra-a-jnu-student-and-a-cultural-activist-by-maharashtra-police/" target="_blank"> #India- Condemn arrest of Hem Mishra, a JNU student and a cultural activist by Maharashtra Police
  • #999; padding: 2px; display: block; border-radius: 2px; text-decoration: none;" href="http://democracyandclasstruggle.blogspot.com/2013/08/crpp-statement-on-arrest-of-jnu-student.html" target="_blank">CRPP Statement on arrest of JNU student Hem Mishra
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Maharashtra police still want him even after 45 acquittals #WTFnews

Nagpur, August 19, 2013

Staff Reporter, The Hindu

Police slapped 45 Naxal cases on him resulting in nine years of imprisonment, but different courts in Nagpur, Gadchiroli and Chandrapur districts acquitted him of all the charges.

Now, working as a vendor at a small tea shop in Nagpur, Police want Ganpath Kudmethe to “surrender” which will be tantamount to an acceptance on the part Mr. Kudmethe that he was related to the Naxal movement.

Ganpath Kudmethe, a resident of Karancha village in Gadchiroli district, was first arrested in 2004 and was slapped with over 30 cases related to Naxal violence and was charged under section 302 and 307 of the Indian Penal Code(IPC) and 3/25 of the Indian Arms Act.

Acquitted in all the cases and released from jail in December last year, Mr. Ganpath claimed that a team of Gadchiroli police approached him last week and asked him to surrender before Gadchiroli Superintendent of Police (SP).

“Jimalgatta Police Sub Inspector (PSI) Mr. Munjawar and C-60 (the special anti Naxal unit of Maharashtra police) commander Madhukar Mattami met me last week and asked me to surrender before Gadchiroli SP” Mr. Ganpath Kudmethe told The Hindu.

“They (the police) also threatened my nephew Santosh in Govindgaon village. They even threatened my family members to pressurize me to surrender. I have been living a simple life here and I am happy with it. I was not involved in any kind of Naxal activities which were established in courts then why should I surrender?” asked Mr. Kudmethe.

Mr. Ganpath is known as Vishvnath Kudmethe in police records.

Gadchiroli Police PRO Dharmendra Joshi refused to comment on the issue saying only the SP can comment in this matter.

Gadchiroli SP Mohammad Suvej Haque could not be reached for his reaction as his phone was switched off.

 

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Mumbai Top Cop – Impose curfew, fine on villagers for helping Naxals, who are ‘ snakes ‘ #WTFnews

Impose curfew, fine on villagers for helping Naxals: Satyapal Singh

Mumbai police commissioner says the Naxals need to be searched, driven out or neutralised by putting ‘collective responsibility’ on villagers
Mumbai police commissioner Satyapal Singh says it is time to admit that the locals are not with the administration despite building roads, bridges and other infrastructure and it has led to little improvement in their quality of life. Photo: Indranil Bhoumik/Mint
Mumbai police commissioner Satyapal Singh says it is time to admit that the locals are not with the administration despite building roads, bridges and other infrastructure and it has led to little improvement in their quality of life. Photo: Indranil Bhoumik/Mint
New Delhi: Imposing curfew, slapping collective fine and taking to task Sarpanch and elders in villages found to be giving food and shelter to Naxals are some of the measures suggested by Mumbai commissioner of police Satyapal Singh to cripple the Naxal menace.
Calling Naxals ‘snakes’ for declaring a war against the state, he said, “They (Naxals) need to be searched, driven out or neutralised” by putting “collective responsibility” on villagers as even “passive neutrality” of locals is advantageous to the Maoists and an obstacle for security agencies.
In the latest issue of the Indian Police Journal (IPJ), a compendium of thoughts and comments of senior police and intelligence community officers brought out by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD), the 1980-batch Maharashtra cadre police officer was critical about the state of affairs in dealing with Naxal violence, termed as the biggest threat to the internal security of the country.
He wrote that as far as anti-Maoist strategy in the country is concerned, the coordination among government agencies exists “mainly on paper”. He said it was time to admit that the locals are not with the administration despite building roads, bridges and other infrastructure and it has led to little improvement in their quality of life.
The commissioner, in the topic Fire in forest: Tackling Maoist menace, said the Maoist movement needs to be restricted “both physically and psychologically from the general population”.
“To further this, extremist and public movements should be regulated through the institution of collective responsibility meaning thereby that hosting the extremists by one in the village, attending the meeting of extremists, providing them food, etc., blocking the roads by felling trees should hold the entire village responsible. A collective fine for all village residents or curfew for two days may be thought of. Alternatively, the village Sarpanch, police patil and other village-elders should be punished.”
He said every member of a village, above 12 years of age, must be registered with the district administration and be issued an identity card.
“For all regulatory measures, government should consider the enactment of an appropriate law,” Singh wrote in his 20-page piece.
The BPRD, a department for development on policing subjects under the ministry of home affairs, brings out the publication every three months.
The IPS officer stated that while the notions of a ‘red corridor’ swamping large tracts of the country are “exaggerated”, Naxals have enlarged their base and areas of militancy.
“Not a day passes without any Naxal incident in the country. The problem is quite serious. What we see on the surface is the tip of the iceberg,” he said. Singh, who had dealt with the Naxal issue in his earlier stints, said, “The security forces are fighting a dynamic unconventional war against a very intelligent enemy in jungles, hills and sparsely populated terrains-mostly inhabited by tribal and other marginalised sections of society.”
The police officer said he would reply with a “big no” if someone asks that if pumping in huge amounts of funds has resulted in lessening of the Naxal problem or the locals becoming friends of the administration?
“The message is simple and straight. The locals are not with the administration and we should admit it. Even their passive neutrality is advantageous to the Maoist militants and an obstacle for security agencies. Building up roads, bridges and the electrification of villages, where our 70-80% of budget is being spent, has shown little improvement in the quality of life of the locals. We, in administration, perceive roads, bridges, electrification and telephone as symbols of development but the tribal and locals feel otherwise,” he wrote.
Singh, writing at length about the Naxal ideology of snatching power by the barrel of the gun, said this is an unconventional problem which cannot be solved through “usual bureaucratic approach and means”.
“We have to demolish the pillars of strength of the Maoist movement. Many may not agree, but it requires the same strategy that is being employed by the extremists themselves, with only one difference that we have to put the gears of their strategy in reverse order,” he wrote.
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