• stumble
  • youtube
  • linkedin

The Ugly Underbelly of Make in India


A shocking new report on the automotive sector questions whether manufacturing in India can ever deliver on its promises without offering a safe environment for workers

23-year-old Ravi hails from Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. He oper- ated an injection-molding machine in a small tier-3 factory that manufactures spare parts for heavy vehicles. On his fifth day on the job, there was an unexpected malfunctioning of the machine and it closed down on its own. Before he could switch off the machine, Ravi’s hand got caught in the machine and he lost four fingers and part of his left palm. The employer paid for his treatment but is now demand- ing a return of the treatment expenses. The employer also refuses to give his salary on time and is instead coercing Ravi into handing over the ESI com- pensation payment.


New Delhi: With the Indian auto industry – which produced 23.37 million vehicles in 2014-15 and attracted FDI of $12.2 billion between 2000 and 2015 – all set to play a central role in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call to “Make in India’’, an alarming new report on shop floor injuries in the automotive sector has questioned whether “Make in India” can be successful without first ensuring that manufacturing is ‘safe in India’.

The report – What Can Safeguard Workers? – jointly produced by Agrasar and SafeInIndia, a new civic initiative launched by former IIM graduates, Sandeep Sachdeva, Ravi Gulati and Prabhat Agarwal, and was released in Gurgaon on Tuesday.

With an estimated workforce of 80,000, the auto industry in the Gurgaon-Manesar region near New Delhi is one of the largest automotive hubs in India. Of these, over 1,000 workers meet with serious industrial accidents every year – a rate of incidence that is testimony to the casualisation of labour, non-existent training, long working hours, poor pay and absence of basic safety in the automotive sector, and especially in ancillary units.

The report points out through 20 case studies the complete apathy of most of the companies – owners, managers and contractors – towards the plight of the injured workers, most of whom are left with permanent disabilities and a consequent loss of employment and income. “This happens despite a slew of safety laws and monitoring agencies… Such incidents are only increasing by the day,” claims the report.

The summary of the 20 case studies provided by the report makes for grim reading:


  • In almost all cases (16 out of 20), there was no training provided to 
  • In 8 of 20 cases, there was no system of machine/safety regulation 
inspections in the factories. In another 5 cases, the safety inspections were 
irregular and ad-hoc.
  • No automatic safety control system was found in 14 out of 20 cases.
  • Appropriate quality safety gear/equipment was not provided in any of the 
  • Very few workers (only 8 out of 20) had ESI 
cards prior to the accident, risking their post- accident care and compensation. However, in almost all cases, workers’ knowledge of ESI processes was inadequate.
  • The age profile of accident victims varied from 18 years to 52 years; however, the majority (15 out of 20) were under 23 years of age.


  • In half of the cases post accident, employers showed complete apathy, especially where the worker was easily replaceable.
  • Most workers (14 out of 20) were first treated
 at small private hospitals instead of ESI
 hospitals. The choice of hospital appeared
 to be influenced by convenience, previous 
experience of dealing with similar accidents
 at workplace, distance to the hospital, and 
availability of doctors during evenings and 
night shifts at the concerned hospital. The
 employers and employees due to ESIC’s 
time-consuming procedures and attitude saw ESI hospitals as unattractive. Though not clearly evident, preference towards private hospitals was often driven by non-compliance of employers towards ESI registration and procedures.
  • In 18 cases, the victims lost their jobs after the accidents.

Based on accidents in the automotive industry in Gurgaon, case studies and stakeholder responses, the report notes how rarely these accidents come to the attention of the national media. One such instance was in August this year when an industrial robot killed a 23-year-old employee of an automobile factory while the employee was trying to fix a metal sheet that had been dislocated. “It was subsequently reported that in this factory, 113 out of 118 robots lack sensor barriers,” the report, said pointing to the abysmal adherence to safety norms by most companies.

Worse still, the report expresses the fear that there has been a gross under-reporting of accidents in the region and indeed across India. “In 2005, the International Labor Organization published a report on work-related accidents around the world. It pointed out a strange anomaly: India had reported 222 fatal accidents that year, while the Czech Republic, with a working population of about 1 per cent of India’s, had reported 231. The ILO estimated that the “true number of fatal accidents” taking place in India every year was 40,000. However, as a result of under-reporting, the total number of fatal accidents recorded in a year is much below the actual number of accidents.”

The report said the Delhi-Gurgaon-Faridabad region is home to many Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM) and sub-contractor manufacturers ranging from Tier-1 to Tier-3 who employ over 80,000 workers in factories across the region.

However, to keep their cost of operations low, many a times these companies overlook the aspect of safety for their employees. “Unsurprisingly, while laws regarding work place safety, post-accident care and compensation do exist, there is an absence of strong and effective institutional mechanisms to support their implementation. This had led to unnecessarily hazardous working conditions, a low level of safety consciousness and training and inadequate post-accident treatment, care, compensation and rehabilitation. Injured workers are, therefore, often left with long term psychological and physical damage, with its consequent financial implications.”

Through interviews with 20 workers who suffered serious injuries, the research has highlighted how in 80 per cent of the cases there was no training provided to workers.

#Vaw #Hiphop" data-image-description="<h1 id="story_title" style="text-align:left;"><a href="">Honey Singh denies writing offensive lyrics</a></h1> <div id="story_intro" style="text-align:left;"><em>Rapper, who was forced to cancel his scheduled <a class="zem_slink" title="New Year" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">New Year</a>‘s Eve show, said he had not authored the lyrics that are being attributed to him.</em></div> <div id="size" style="text-align:left;"> <p><img title="HONEY_SINGH2" alt="" src="" width="250" height="472" /></p> <p>Photo: Prabhjot Gill</p> <p><strong>New <a class="zem_slink" title="Delhi" href=",77.23&amp;spn=1.0,1.0&amp;q=28.61,77.23 (Delhi)&amp;t=h" target="_blank" rel="geolocation">Delhi</a>, (PTI):</strong> Rapper Honey Singh, who was forced to cancel his scheduled New Year’s Eve show following protests in the backdrop of gangrape incident, on Tuesday sought to wash his hands off the controversy triggered by offensive lyrics in some of his songs.</p> <p>Singh, 28, who has sung for several <a class="zem_slink" title="Bollywood" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Bollywood</a> movies, said he had not authored the lyrics that are being attributed to him.</p> <p>The lyrics have been termed offensive towards women by activists, who have started an online campaign against Singh.</p> <p>An FIR has also been lodged against the rapper in <a class="zem_slink" title="Lucknow" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Lucknow</a>.</p> <p>When contacted Singh’s manager <a class="zem_slink" title="Anup Kumar (actor)" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Anup Kumar</a> claimed that the <a class="zem_slink" title="Gurgaon" href="" target="_blank" rel="homepage">Gurgaon</a> show was cancelled not because of the protests but in solidarity with the Delhi gangrape victim.</p> <p>“We did not cancel the show because of this petition and FIR. We cancelled it in the wake of Delhi gangrape issue.</p> <p>This is not the first concert we are cancelling in Delhi after that horrific incident. We had also cancelled our much publicised December 25 event,” Kumar told PTI.</p> <p>Bristol Hotel, however, disputed Singh’s version, saying it was the management and not Singh, who decided to cancel the performance.</p> <p>The FIR against Singh was lodged by <a class="zem_slink" title="Gomti Nagar" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Gomti Nagar</a> police on the complaint of IPS officer <a class="zem_slink" title="Amitabh Thakur" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Amitabh Thakur</a>, police sources said in Lucknow. The FIR was registered under sections 292, 293 and 294 of the IPC that are related to obscenity offences.</p> </div> <h2 style="text-align:left;"><img alt="" src="" /></h2> <h2 style="text-align:left;">Zeest Band represnettaive commente don my blog post</h2> <blockquote><p>Let me introduce myself, I am Sohail Abdullah, the Communication Manager of Zeest, I would like to clarify that Zeest has nothing to do with this song. for your information, you can see our previous official blog entry ‘To Clarify Some Rumors…’ dated January, 19th 2008, we had already tried to clarify that songs like GMD and Balatkari doesn’t belongs to Zeest. Following is the link for the zeest official blog:</p> <p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"></a></p> <p>Regards,<br /> Sohail Abdullah,</p></blockquote> <h2 style="text-align:left;"></h2> <h2 style="text-align:left;"></h2> <h2 style="text-align:left;"><a title="Permanent Link to ‘To Clarify Some Rumors…’" href="" rel="bookmark">‘To Clarify Some Rumors…’</a></h2> <div style="text-align:left;"> <p>I’ve been listening to rumors about Zeest’s origin for quite some time now. Some people have also associated songs by other bands with us. Instead of being eliminated, they are increasing day by day. There have been some reasons behind it. Some of the mistakes are from our side. We have not been able to communicate with our fans properly due to the lack of proper media attention. While people did the rest in pumping the rumors; I was really disappointed to learn that normally people don’t care to do a little bit research on what they listen. Only believing the words of mouth and spreading the news to everyone.</p> <p>I would like to clarify some of the rumors roaming around the public:</p> <ul> <li>Zeest doesn’t belong to IIT India. Zeest is a <strong><em>Karachi</em><em>, </em><em>Pakistan</em></strong>Based Band and it has nothing to do with IIT thing.</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Songs like GMD, XL ki Kudiyan or Balatkari don’t belong to us. Kindly give credit to the actual artists.</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Zeest don’t do only swear/slang words songs. You can’t judge any artist from only one song. The purpose of our song BC Sutta is not swearing at all. So far we have release only one song i.e. BC Sutta. Please don’t predict what the rest of our music will be like.</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Zeest never released any official videos regarding their songs, interviews, or any public appearances. Whatever you guys find on is totally fans related material.</li> </ul> <p>Regards,</p> <p><strong>Skip(Saqib Abdullah)</strong></p> <p><strong><a class="zem_slink" title="Zeest" href="" target="_blank" rel="homepage">The Zeest</a></strong></p> <p align="center"><i>Choot lyrics: rough translation</i></p> <p align="center"><i> </i></p> <p><i>Kenday pechayian pindaan ney teree mari</i></p> <p><i>Saaday lun ney we khichee ey tyaari</i></p> <p><i>Fudi teri aj ley kay jaoon</i></p> <p><i>Jey nai liti tey main jatt na kwahoon</i></p> <p><i> </i></p> <p>They say the whole village has fucked you</p> <p>My cock is also prepared now</p> <p>I shall take your pussy today</p> <p>If I don’t, then I am no jat  (Chorus)</p> <p>Repeat Chorus</p> <p><i> </i></p> <p><i>Aja teri choot maroon</i></p> <p><i>Tere sir se chudney ka bhoot utaroon</i></p> <p><i>Choodney key baad tujhe jutey maroon</i></p> <p><i>Tere mooh main apna lora dey key mooth maroon (yeah)</i></p> <p><i> </i></p> <p>Come, I’ll screw your pussy</p> <p>Get rid of you insatiable desire to be fucked</p> <p>After screwing you, I’ll beat you with my shoes</p> <p>I’ll thrust my cock in your mouth and masturbate- yeah!</p> <p><i>Kar doon teri fuddi kharab</i></p> <p><i><a title="Merey" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Merey</a> jesa koi nahin meree bhudi kharab</i></p> <p><i>Terey baad tere post</i></p> <p><i>Bas yahi kaam kaaj mera</i></p> <p><i>Kar doon ga khush tujhe</i></p> <p><i>Luraa ley key naach mera</i></p> <p><i> </i></p> <p>I’ll ruin/spoil your pussy</p> <p>There is no-one like me (meaning unclear)</p> <p>After you, your friends I’ll fuck</p> <p>This is all I do</p> <p>I’ll make you happy</p> <p>Take my cock and dance.</p> <p><i>Choda hoga tujh ko hazaroon ney</i></p> <p><i>Mehngay mehngay kamroon mein</i></p> <p><i><a title="Lambi" href=",-6.70222222222&amp;spn=0.01,0.01&amp;q=62.1425,-6.70222222222%20(Lambi)&amp;t=h" target="_blank" rel="geolocation">Lambi</a> caroon mein</i></p> <p><i><a title="Bollywood" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Bollywood</a> key baray baray sitroon ney</i></p> <p><i>Per merey lund jeesa dum naa bicharoon mein</i></p> <p>Thousands may have fucked you</p> <p>In expensive rooms</p> <p>And big cars</p> <p>The big stars of bollywood</p> <p>But none as able as my cock (dum)</p> <p><i>Mein karoon din raat ek</i></p> <p><i>Guzar merey saath ek raat …dekh</i></p> <p><i>Terey jesey maine toree ek raat mein</i><i></i><i></i></p> <p><i>Aazma key dekh ley, dum kitni hai baat mein</i></p> <p>I’m trying so hard (to get you to)</p> <p>Spend a night with me, see</p> <p>A woman like you I fulfil/break in one night (toree means break, taree means fulfil not sure which one it is)</p> <p>I’m telling the truth- try me</p> <p>Chorus</p> <p><i> </i></p> <p><i>Gora badaan teri patli kamar</i></p> <p><i>Solaan(16), sitraan(17) saal ke umar</i></p> <p><i>Rehti tip top</i><i></i><i></i><i> sunti hip hop</i></p> <p><i>ley key chaloon tujh ko main CANDY SHOP</i></p> <p>Your white body and slender weight</p> <p>Your age 16, 17 years old</p> <p>You stay tip top (dressed up), listen to hip hop</p> <p>I will take you to the candy shop (I think 50 cent does a guest app in this song)</p> <p><i>ch.. ch ..choos mera lura</i></p> <p><i>aja choos mera lura</i></p> <p><i>chaat merey tatte jaise aaloo ka pakoora</i></p> <p><i>to hai choot ke rani</i></p> <p><i>main hoon lodon ka raja</i></p> <p><i>aja aja mere rani meri bansuri bajaja</i></p> <p><i> </i></p> <p><a title="Fellatio" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Suck my cock</a></p> <p>Come suck my cock</p> <p>Lick my balls like they were aaloo pakora</p> <p>You are the queen of cunt</p> <p>I am the king of cocks</p> <p>Come come play my flute</p> <p><i>thoda uuper thoda neechey</i></p> <p><i>zara haat to bataa</i></p> <p><i>dekh ne dey laal fudi zara jhat to hata</i></p> <p><i>moon khool apna</i></p> <p><i>mera naam to chilaa</i></p> <p><i>baadshah,baadshah keh key GAAND to hilaa</i></p> <p>A little bit up, a little bit down</p> <p>Help me out here</p> <p>Let me see your red pussy, move your pubic hair</p> <p>Open your mouth</p> <p>Scream my name</p> <p>Say <a title="Padishah" href="" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Badshah</a>, badsha and shake your arse</p> <p>(badshah is one of the guys singing this song- look this stuff up please. I can’t look at at more of this stuff…)</p> <p><i> </i></p> <p><i>lun utey laya appan sanday da tail</i></p> <p><i>chood chood ker doon mein fudi teri fail</i></p> <p><i>putt putt mommey tere waday kardoon</i></p> <p><i>kano sharmawey elay lun phar too</i></p> <p><i>oey gaal kar to ……</i><i></i><i></i><i> Main tah bada paad doon</i></p> <p>I’ve out oil on my cock (oil= tail)</p> <p>I’ll fuck you and fuck you, make your pussy fail</p> <p>I’ll grope (roughly, pinch, grab etc) your boobs and make them big (?)</p> <p>Why are you hesitating/feeling shy? Here hold my cock you</p> <p>Talk… I’ll rip you. (meaning unclear)</p> <p><i>laa lei barian nu kundi booha bund kar to</i></p> <p><i>merey lun da waar jewen chaley talwaar</i></p> <p><i>aj cheer do mein teri patiala salwar</i></p> <p><i>maar maar chupey tenu pai gaye si chaskey</i></p> <p><i>hun mare chika jadoon payaa wich kas ke</i></p> <p><i>aja lun teh to beja tera pose banawaan</i></p> <p><i>aj nai kaal nai rooj banawaan</i></p> <p>Bolt the windows and close the doors</p> <p>My cock attacks like a sword</p> <p>I’ll rip/tear your Patiala salwar</p> <p>You are addicted to sex (the sentiment is you sex hungry whore like)</p> <p>Now scream, when I’ve stuck it in you hard/tight</p> <p>Come sit on my cock</p> <p>Tera pose banawan- could make different positons in sex, could also mean I’ll make you pose for photographs- not sure</p> <p>Not just today, or tomorrow, but I’ll do I everyday</p> <p><i> </i></p> <p><i>Khoono Khoon Hoje kachi jive dul gayi dava</i></p> <p><i>Chap chap marey kasey jatt sari sari raat</i></p> <p><i>Oh mera naa honey singh rati batiyaan bujhwaan</i></p> <p><i>Nawi gadeyaan chalawaan naley fudiyaan sujaawaan</i></p> <p>Your underwear will be soaked with blood like medicine spilt (I think this indicates heavy bleeding. Also, term khoono-khon suggests grave injury)</p> <p>Jat is thrusting hard all night</p> <p>Oh my name is honey singh, I put the light out at night (get laid)</p> <p>I drive new cars and cause cunts to swell</p> <p style="text-align:center;"><em><strong>Balatkari song lyrics with english translation</strong></em></p> <p>Raat ko nikali naari<br /> hui gadi pe savaari<br /> par voh raat usko pad gayi bhari.</p> <p>Peeche se aaya main<br /> utari uski saari<br /> kachchi phadi<br /> lung gaadi<br /> aur gaand maari.</p> <p>The woman goes out (alone) at night<br /> She takes a lift in a vehicle<br /> and that night cost her dearly</p> <p>I came from behind<br /> I took off her saari<br /> I tore off her underwear<br /> I inserted my c**k<br /> And I screwed her</p> <p>Kyunki main……….<br /> Kyunki main……….<br /> Kyunki main hoon ek balatkari.<br /> Kyunki main……….<br /> Kyunki main……….<br /> Kyunki main hoon balatkari.</p> <p>Chut hai ke voh ya ek mayga naala<br /> lund mera lamba, pyaasa kaala<br /> randii thi voh, maa ki lodi<br /> karne di haan apni izzat chori.<br /> ho’oh ho’oh</p> <p>Because I<br /> because I<br /> Because I am a rapist<br /> Because I<br /> Because I<br /> Because I am a rapist</p> <p>Her c**t is like the big nullah<br /> My c**k is huge, thirsty and dark<br /> She was a whore that mother f***er<br /> She let me dishonor her</p> <p>aakhir mein ruki gaadi<br /> chadh gaye aur savaari<br /> aur sabne naari pe nazar maari<br /> naai ki gaand phati<br /> bachch kar voh chhalang maari<br /> laykin peeche pad gayi paltan saari</p> <p>Kyunki voh……….<br /> Kyunki voh……….<br /> Kyunki voh……….<br /> Kyunki voh……….<br /> Kyunki voh……….<br /> Kyunki voh sab hain balatkari<br /> Kyunki voh……….<br /> Kyunki voh……….<br /> Kyunki voh sab hain balatkari</p> <p>At last the vehicle stopped<br /> More passengers mounted the vehicle<br /> And they all leered at that woman<br /> Now she felt that she was really scr***d<br /> Somehow she managed to jump off the vehicle<br /> But now the entire gang was chasing her</p> <p>Because they<br /> Because they<br /> Because they are all rapists<br /> Because they<br /> Because they<br /> Because they had all rapists</p> <p>balatkari<br /> balatkari<br /> jisne sabki jaand phadi<br /> balatkari<br /> failayi aids jaise bimaari<br /> balatkari<br /> kaise zun sah sakti hai naari<br /> balatkari<br /> kanoon ko di hai badi supari<br /> balatkari<br /> gande log gande khiladi<br /> balatkari<br /> ooooooo balatkari</p> <p>Rapist<br /> Rapist<br /> The one who busts everybody’s c**t<br /> Rapist<br /> Who spreads diseases like the AIDS<br /> Rapist<br /> How can a woman bear so much<br /> Rapist<br /> Who has bribed all the policemen<br /> Filthy people, filthy players<br /> Rapist<br /> ooooo rapist</p> </div> <h6 class="zemanta-related-title" style="font-size:1em;text-align:left;">Related articles</h6> <ul class="zemanta-article-ul"> <li class="zemanta-article-ul-li"><a href="" target="_blank">So what about ‘RAPIST’ HIP HOP? #honeysingh #vaw</a> (</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> " data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="size-full wp-image-12002" src="" alt="Credit: What Can Safeguard Workers?" width="880" height="357" />

Consider the case of 18-year-old Suraj from Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh. He had just taken up his first job with a small Tier-3 manufacturing unit and was on his third day at work when due to total lack of experience he held the machine cap of the object in a wrong manner due to which the die press got stuck and his right hand was caught in the press shop machine. He lost two fingers of his right hand. Still recuperating, Suraj is now extremely scared of working in a similar environment again. He has hidden the accident from his parents and family back home for fear of upsetting them and their plans for his sister’s wedding.

Suraj’s case illustrates how without any training, young workers are often asked to operate a press shop machine, especially ones which lack any safety mechanism. Suraj’s uncle, who owned the unit, took the responsibility of treatment, but the boy has received no other support. Though a permanent employee with the factory, he did not have an ESI card and is not even aware about the scheme or its benefits.

Loss of job

The report found that workers who get injured for no fault of their own can end up losing their job and livelihood.

Surender. Credit: from

One such case is of 20-year-old Surender from Alwar in Rajasthan who operated a forklift machine in a Tier-2 auto component manufacturing unit Gurgaon. A new worker with no training was asked to work on a powerful machine right away and his inability to control the machine caused serious injury to Surender’s left leg. Again, the machine came with no safety mechanisms.

For Surender, a contract worker who was not on the rolls of the company, the consequences of his accident were severe. Not only did he suffer a grievous injury, in the absence of the employer helping him, he had to sell his family land to cover his treatment cost. Though the contractor initially spent Rs 4 lakh on his treatment, Surender has been bearing the subsequent expenses on his own. Surender possessed an ESI card, but the ESI hospital claimed that it was invalid even when he had got it renewed from the branch office of ESI.

The research also highlighted how there were significant shortcomings in inspections of these factories; how no automatic safety control system existed in 70 per cent of cases; quality safety gear/equipment was completely absent in all units; less than half the workers had ESI cards prior to the accident; and how nearly 75 per cent of the workers were under 23 years of age.

In most cases, the approach of the employers was found completely apathetic following the accidents. Despite India having a good legal framework in the form of the Factories Act, 1948, the Employees’ Compensation Act, 1923, Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970 and the ESI Act (and other related acts) for the protection of workers, 18 of the 20 workers lost their jobs after the accidents. With 19 of the accidents being reported in Tier-2 and Tier-3 factories, the report said it was also a pointer to shortcomings that exist in the safety protocols and infrastructure in such units.

Raja Shah story

The research also revealed that there were “significant shortcomings in ESI facility inspections and in recruitment of doctors; lack of basic amenities and equipment at ESI designated facilities and often apathy among the ESI officials in monitoring the overall ESI service delivery process.”

In view of these findings, the report has suggested the need to “improve safety consciousness among workers as well as manufacturers” through their training; improvement in supply chain safety audit from OEM/Tier 1 manufacturers and sharing of best safety practices in the industry for long-term productivity gains.

For improvement in treatment and rehabilitation of injured workers, the report has called for better and immediate post-accident treatment, a more effective ESI process and a system to identify appropriate roles for injured workers.

It has also suggested better implementation of labour laws and safety regulations, addressing shortage of safety inspectors and revision of antiquated laws as means of improving the lot of workers

Related posts

Comment (1)

  1. We appeal President Obama to NOT endorse India’s UNSC bid till Indian regime gives Licensed Pistols to 300 million Untouchable/Dalit in India for self-defense/resist oppression

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: