On October 10, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to children’s rights activists Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai. They’ve won a prize that has a long, long history of honor and the occasional controversy.
There are a few interesting trends shown on this chart. For example, the periods with an asterisk are years when no one won — check out the big gaps for most of World War I and World War II.
The Peace Prize has also been awarded to many institutions, rather than people. Institutional winners are marked with a giant “I” in the chart. Recent institutional winners include the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons in 2013 and the European Union in 2012 “for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe.”
In fact, more institutions have won the Nobel Peace Prize than women have. (Even though the Nobel Peace Prize has the greatest gender diversity of any of the Nobels.)
Another trend is the gradual diversification in winners’ geography — marked by different colors on this chart. There wasn’t a single winner outside of North America or Europe for the prize’s first 35 years. But in recent decades, winners have hailed from all over the globe.