May 19, 2014

Modi chalisa

Let this historic win be followed by a historic innings, which stuns the world by surprises your
supporters may not want of you but many more would want to see you unfurl, writes
Gopalkrishna Gandhi
Dear Prime Minister-designate,
This comes with my hearty felicitations. I mean and say that in utter sincerity, which is not very
easy for me to summon, because I am not one of those who wanted to see you reach the high office
that you have reached. You know better than anyone else, that while many millions are ecstatic that
you will become Prime Minister, many more millions may, in fact, be disturbed, greatly disturbed
by it.
Until recently I did not believe those who said you were headed there. But, there you are, seated at
the desk at which Jawaharlal Nehru sat, Lal Bahadur Shastri did, and, after a historic struggle
against Indira Gandhi’s Emergency, another Gujarati, Morarji Desai did, as did later, your own
political mentor, Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Those who did not want you there have to accept the fact
that you are there.
Despite all my huge misgivings about your deserving that rare privilege, I respect someone coming
from so sharply disadvantaged a community and family as yours, becoming Prime Minister of
India. That fulfils, very quintessentially, the vision of our egalitarian Constitution.
Revisting the idea of desh
When some spoke rashly and derisively of your having been a “ chaiwala ,” I felt sick to my
stomach. What a wonderful thing it is, I said to myself, that one who has made and served chai for a
living should be able to head the government of India. Far better bearing a pyala to many than being
a chamcha to one.
But, Mr. Modi, with that said, I must move to why your being at India’s helm disturbs millions of
Indians. You know this more clearly than anyone else that in the 2014 election, voters voted, in the
main, for Modi or against Modi. It was a case of “Is Narendra Modi the country’s best guardian —
desh ka rakhvala — or is he not?” The BJP has won the seats it has because you captured the
imagination of 31 per cent of our people (your vote share) as the nation’s best guardian, in fact, as
its saviour. It has also to be noted that 69 per cent of the voters did not see you as their rakhvala .
They also disagreed on what, actually, constitutes our desh . And this — the concept of desh — is
where, Mr. Modi, the Constitution of India, upon the authority of which you are entering the office
of Prime Minister, matters. I urge you to revisit the idea of desh .
Reassuring the minorities
In invoking unity and stability, you have regularly turned to the name and stature of Sardar
Vallabhbhai Patel. The Sardar, as you would know, chaired the Constituent Assembly’s Committee on Minorities. If the Constitution of India gives crucial guarantees — educational, cultural and
religious — to India’s minorities, Sardar Patel has to be thanked, as do other members of that
committee, in particular Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, the Christian daughter of Sikh Kapurthala. Adopt,
in toto, Mr. Modi, not adapt or modify, dilute or tinker with, the vision of the Constitution on the
minorities. You may like to read what the indomitable Sardar said in that committee.
Why is there, in so many, so much fear, that they dare not voice their fears?
It is because when you address rallies, they want to hear a democrat who carries the Peoplehood of
India with him, not an Emperor who issues decrees. Reassure the minorities, Mr. Modi, do not
patronise them. “Development” is no substitute to security. You spoke of “the Koran in one hand, a
laptop in the other,” or words to that effect. That visual did not quite reassure them because of a
counter visual that scares them — of a thug masquerading as a Hindu holding a Hindu epic’s DVD
in one hand and a minatory trishul in the other.
In the olden days, headmasters used to keep a salted cane in one corner of the classroom, visible and
scary, as a reminder of his ability to lash the chosen skin. Memories, no more than a few months
old, of the riots in Muzaffarnagar which left at least 42 Muslims and 20 Hindus dead and displaced
over 50,000 persons, are that salted cane. “Beware, this is what will be done to you!” is not a threat
that anyone in a democracy should fear. But that is the message that has entered the day’s fears and
night’s terrors of millions.
It is in your hands, Mr. Modi, to dispel that. You have the authority and the power to do that, the
right and the obligation as well. I would like to believe that, overcoming small-minded advice to the
contrary, you will dispel that fear.
All religious minorities in India, not just the Muslim, bear scars in their psyche even as Hindus and
Sikhs displaced from West Punjab, and Kashmiri Pandits do. There is the fear of a sudden riot
caused with real or staged provocation, and then returned with multiplied retribution, targeted very
specially on women. Dalits and Adivasis, especially the women, live and relive humiliation and
exploitation every minute of their lives. The constant tug of unease because of slights,
discrimination, victimisation is de-citizenising, demoralising, dehumanising. Address that tug, Mr.
Modi, vocally and visibly and win their trust. You can, by assuring them that you will be the first
spokesman for their interests.
No one should have the impudence to speak the monarchist language of uniformism to a republic of
pluralism, the vocabulary of “oneness” to an imagination of many-nesses, the grammar of
consolidation to a sensibility that thrives in and on its variations. India is a diverse forest. It wants
you to nurture the humus that sustains its great variety, not place before it the monochromatic
monoculturalism of a political monotheism.
What has been taken as your stand on Article 370 of the Constitution, the old and hackneyed
demand for a Uniform Civil Code, the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya, and what the media have reported
as your statements about “Hindu refugees” in our North and North-West and “Muslim refugees” in
our East and North-East, strikes fear, not trust. Mass fear, Mr. Modi, cannot be an attribute of the
Republic of India. And, as Prime Minister of India, you are the Republic’s alter ego.
India’s minorities are not a segment of India, they are an infusion in the main. Anyone can burn
rope to cinder, no one can take the twist out of it. Bharat mata ki jai , sure, Mr. Modi, but not
superseding the compelling urgency of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose’s clarion — Jai Hind !
A historic win it has been for you, Mr. Modi, for which, once again, congratulations. Let it be followed by a historic innings, which stuns the world by surprises your supporters may not want of
you but many more would want to see you unfurl. You are hugely intelligent and will not mind
unsolicited but disinterested advice of one from an earlier generation. Requite the applause of your
support-base but, equally, redeem the trust of those who have not supported you. When you
reconstitute the Minorities Commission, ask the Opposition to give you all the names and accept
them without change. And do the same for the panels on Scheduled Castes and Tribes, and
Linguistic Minorities. And when it comes to choosing the next Chief Information Commissioner,
the next CAG, CVC, go sportingly by the recommendation of the non-government members on the
selection committee, as long as it is not partisan. You are strong and can afford such risks.
Addressing the southern deficit
Mr. Modi, there is a southern deficit in your India calculus. The Hindi-belt image of your victory
should not tighten itself into a North-South divide. Please appoint a deputy prime minister from the
South, who is not a politician at all, but an expert social scientist, ecologist, economist or a
demographer. Nehru had Shanmukham Chetty, John Mathai, C.D. Deshmukh and K.L. Rao in his
cabinet. They were not Congressmen, not even politicians. Indira Gandhi had S. Chandrashekhar,
V.K.R.V. Rao. I cannot, for the life of me, understand why the UPA did not make Professor M.S.
Swaminathan and Shyam Benegal, both nominated members in the Rajya Sabha, ministers. There is
a convention, one may even say, a healthy convention, that nominated members should not be made
ministers. But exigencies are exigencies. Professor Nurul Hasan, a nominated member, was one of
the best Ministers of Education we have had.
Imperial and ideological exemplars appeal to you. So, be Maharana Pratap in your struggle as you
conceive it, but be an Akbar in your repose. Be a Savarkar in your heart, if you must, but be an
Ambedkar in your mind. Be an RSS-trained believer in Hindutva in your DNA, if you need to be,
but be the Wazir-e-Azam of Hindostan that the 69 per cent who did not vote for you, would want
you to be.
With every good wish as you take your place at the helm of our desh ,
I am, your fellow-citizen,
Gopalkrishna Gandhi
(The writer is a former administrator and diplomat. He was Governor of West Bengal, 2004-2009,
and officiating Governor of Bihar, 2005-2006.)