The signatories noted that Saibaba testing positive for the coronavirus was ‘an extremely dangerous development’, given the comorbidities he suffers from.

‘GN Saibaba’s life at risk’: Human rights, civil society groups demand release of ex-DU professor
A file photo of GN Saibaba with his wife and mother. | Anumeha Yadav

Members ofhuman rights groups, civil society organisations, and international academic associations on Wednesday demanded the immediate release of former Delhi University professor GN Saibaba on a medical parole, citing his grave health condition. The signatories urged authorities to allow him to be treated with the care that is required for a coronavirus patient with several comorbidities.

Saibaba, a wheelchair-bound, 90% physically disabled scholar-activist was sentenced to life for his alleged connections with Maoists in 2017, and has been in the Nagpur Central Jail since. On February 13, he tested positive for the coronavirus.

In a public appeal that has been endorsed by 18 international organisations, human rights groups and diasporic collectives, the signatories said this was an “extremely dangerous development”, given that Saibaba already suffers from serious health problems, including heart and kidney issues. The statement said his life was at risk.

The signatories sought that he be allowed to seek treatment at a private hospital in Nagpur, which is equipped to provide him with proper coronavirus treatment and accommodate his disability. “Professor Saibaba suffers from paralysis due to post-polio syndrome, a condition which requires assistance with basic hygiene tasks and mobility,” they said. “When forced to go into quarantine, he will suffer not only from the disease itself, but also from the lack of help with his daily needs.”

The statement added that over the past five years, the government has consistently ignored and rejected appeals and petitions demanding that Saibaba be provided with medical care appropriate to his ailments or that he be allowed medical bail to seek treatment.

In December, his lawyer was not permitted to hand over various essentials brought for him. “In a particularly cruel, arbitrary, and unnecessary act, the government refused to grant his request to visit his mother on her deathbed,” the statement noted. “She died in 2020, unable to see her son as per her last wishes.”

The statement also said that his wife Vasantha Kumari noticed during her last phone call with Saibaba that he could speak only with “great difficulty”. “We could make out he was breathless, his throat was sore,” it quoted Kumari as saying.

Dr Saibaba is wheelchair bound, as he is 90% orthopaedically challenged. He is unable to carry out routine bodily functions without at least two helpers, in the jail. The two inmates assigned to him as helpers have both tested negative, and can therefore no longer assist him, leaving him completely helpless.

On the 17thof February 2021, Dr Saibaba informed his family that the jail authorities are refusing to admit him in the hospital, for COVID 19 treatment; he is simply being kept under quarantine, and given antibiotics to treat his illness. He fears that the high level of exposure to other infections in the jail will adversely affect his comorbidities, and prove highly dangerous, even fatal. Given his critical condition, he should be admitted immediately to an appropriate COVID care hospital for the duration of his treatment, where he can be assured of clean, competent therapy and care and have access to his family and lawyers at short notice. It is vital that Dr Saibaba be examined for all his medical issues at the earliest, and especially for the impact of the COVID virus on his brain and other internal organs. The jail authorities, who have so far refused to share his medical records with the family, should be directed to do so immediately.

The signatories also criticised the authorities’ decision to treat Saibabi in his cell by a prison doctor. “The Government Medical College and Hospital is overwhelmed with COVID-19 patients, and does not have facilities to accommodate patients in wheelchairs, such as Professor Saibaba,” they said.

Moreover, the statement said that there was a reason to believe that the treatment provided by the prison doctor is insufficient, given that “prison authorities have repeatedly denied Professor Saibaba adequate medical care and allowed his health problems to worsen over the years”.

In its ‘Position Paper on COVID-19 preparedness and responses in prisons’, brought out almost a year ago, on 31 March 2020, the UNODC had noted the urgent need to release all prisoners vulnerable to COVID 19, ‘such as the elderly and prisoners affected by chronic diseases or other health conditions’. We call on the authorities to respect the UN’s position on this, with regard to Dr G N Saibaba, as well as other similarly affected prisoners.

The Committee for the Defence and Release of Dr G N Saibaba call on the Home Minister of Maharashtra, as well as the jail authorities, to consider Dr Saibaba’s case in a genuinely humanitarian way, and release him immediately, or at least grant him parole immediately to get adequate and proper treatment for his health. We urge that he be admitted into a good COVID care hospital immediately. We also call on the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) to take note of Dr Saibaba’s precarious situation.

Our Demands:

§  Dr G N Saibaba should be released immediately.

§  Till then, Dr G N Saibaba should be immediately administered treatment appropriate to all his medical problems.

Groups that have endorsed the statement include the International Solidarity for Academic Freedom in India, Scholars at Risk, PEN America, Free Saibaba Coalition – US, Boston South Asian Coalition and the Humanism Project.