WTO Public Forum 2010

 

To,

 

 

 

 

The Director-General of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and Member States

 

 

 

Do not Dilute G 33 Proposal: Address Imbalance in Global Agricultural Subsidies Rules, Support     Public Stockholding for Guaranteeing Livelihoods and Food Consumption of the Poor at Ministerial.

 

 

 

We, as members of the global , urge the Director-General of the World Trade Organisation, Roberto Azevedo, and member states, to take the issue of food security in developing countries as a matter of serious and immediate concern, and not to render the G-33 proposal on public food stockholding a travesty by asking developing countries to agree to the current text on the peace clause.

 

 

 

Across the developing world, millions of people, most of them poor, still do not have basic and minimum access to food. According to the FAO, 868 million were undernourished in 2011-12, of them 304 million in South Asia and 234 million in Sub Saharan Africa. Even more disturbing is the fact that nearly 3.1 million children under the age of 5 die each year because of poor nutrition (Hunger Statistics, World Food Program 2013).

 

 

 

 

 

At the same time, in a volatile global economy, millions of small farmers are engaged in precariously poised food production that provides them essential livelihoods and caters to their own as well as their country’s food requirements. Eradication of global poverty and hunger would be impossible without addressing these concerns. It is clear that the global economy, with all its growth, has failed to take care of both poor farmers and food consumers across the vast majority of developing countries and least developed countries (LDCs). In sum, they still need support from their own governments, supported by the global community. However, the rules of multilateral trading that have been institutionalized through the WTO make it impossible for developing country governments to provide this support. When GATT (WTO’s predecessor) was negotiated, all, except 17, developing countries which were not giving any subsidy at that time were barred from increasing subsidies, and were to adhere to a limit of 10% of additional production that could be given out as subsidies. In contrast, developed countries that gave massive subsidies to their agriculture sector were asked to reduce these trade distorting subsidies (OTDS) by only about 20%. Moreover they were allowed to shift most of their subsidies to a “green box” which was marked as non-trade distorting. It is by now well established that both types of subsidies are very much trade distorting and have undercut prices, encouraged dumping of subsidized agricultural products in developing country markets and has threatened global market access for developing country farmers.

 

 

 

This twisted legacy of the WTO has resulted in a gross imbalance in global agricultural production, distribution and trading system. This has prevented developing country governments from providing essential support to their numerous small producers, or to poor consumers through direct measures, price supported public food stockholding or other processes, even if financially they are now able to do so. For example, India’s recently passed Food Security Act, which aims to provide minimum food entitlements to the poor 67% of the population, will need an allotment of US$20 billion and will conflict directly with WTO’s set limits. The WTO mandated obligations will constrain India from fully implementing its Food Security Act.

 

 

 

This peculiar juxtaposition in WTO’s agricultural trade rules has led the G-33 group of developing countries to table a proposal on food security at the WTO that argues that public food programmes for supporting livelihoods of small farmers and food consumption of the poor should be considered part of the “green box” and allowed without limits by changing the existing Agreement on Agriculture (AoA). Under the WTO rules, a subsidy through price support shall be calculated using the gap between the fixed external reference price and the applied administered price. The reference price was fixed at average f.o.b. (free on board- price from farm gate till its delivery on the ship) price notified by each country for 1986 – 1988. Since the “fixed external reference price” is much lower than the minimum support price levels (MSP), the subsidy tends to get much inflated in comparison to reality. In addition, the entire production “eligible” to receive the subsidy and not the “actual” production is to be the basis for subsidy calculation, thus inflating subsidies further.

 

 

 

Obviously for large developing countries the total subsidy calculated under broad price support programmes tends to significantly overstate the actual financial support provided to farmers.

 

 

 

On the other hand, the total domestic support of the USA grew from US$61 billion to US$130 billion between 1995 and 2010.The EU’s domestic support, which went down from 90 billion euro in 1995 to 75 billion euro in 2002, bloated again to 90 billion in 2006 and 79 billion in 2009. A broader measure of farm protection, known as total support estimate, shows the OECD countries’ agriculture subsidies soared from US$350 billion in 1996 to US$406 billion in 2011. Unfortunately the G-33 proposal has found stiff opposition from the developed countries, notably the USA and the EU. This is despite the fact that in 2010, the poor in India received on average of only 58 kg per person, 3.1 times less than the 182 kg per person of the 80 million beneficiaries of cereals food aid in the USA. This is also 4.2 times less than the 241 kg for each of the 46.6 million beneficiaries of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) or food stamp programme in the USA.

 

 

 

A matter of urgent concern is that all elements of the G 33 proposal have now been rejected for consideration in Bali and a peace clause (or due restraint clause) on the G-33 proposal is currently the only element being discussed at the WTO. A peace clause means that the use of such subsidies is still illegal but WTO Members will not go to dispute settlement for this period.. The Director General, Robeto Azevedo, has suggested a “take it or leave it” text on the due restraint clause for Bali. However this is to be effective only for 4 years and does not guarantee that a permanent solution will eventually materialise. Further, the conditions sought to be imposed are severe. The Anti-Circumvention/ Safeguard clause asks the member states to “ensure that stocks procured under such programs do not distort trade”. This broad condition may make it virtually impossible for any developing county to use this provision.

 

 

 

This will dilute the already weak peace clause rendering it totally ineffective and would sound the death knell for millions of poor in India and in other developing countries. The time to act, therefore, is now. Before it is too late, before millions perish because the global leaders could not rise above their own myopic agendas. Before hundreds of thousands of children are not able to make it to school or play or laugh because they are too weak from hunger. Before millions go to sleep not knowing what they will give to their family for food the next day.

 

 

 

In the complex labyrinth of international norm setting, it is the poor and marginalized who are being denied their livelihoods and minimum access to food. Global rules are challenging public provision of essential goods and services across the developing world. It is important for the WTO to address these concerns in its forthcoming and crucial ninth ministerial conference at Bali,

 

 

 

We, as members of civil society, therefore urge the global community, including the WTO Director General and the Member States, to address this issue and make changes in the AoA that allow developing countries to use such subsidies for public programmes on food to support poor farmers and consumers.

 

 

 

We demand that you do not make a mockery of the hunger of millions round the world by accepting a peace clause that is unusable and damaging for long term solutions. We urge you to ensure that the international trade rules work for the people across the globe and not against them.

 

Signed by International and Regional Organizations and Networks

 

  1. ACP Civil Society Forum The Forum is a coalition of 80 not-for-profit organisations working on issues relating to ACP-EU development cooperation. It seeks to cater for the diverse range civil society development issues within the wide geographic coverage of the ACP group.
  2. Action Aid International Action Aid International is working with over 15 million people in 45 countries for a world free from poverty and injustice.
  3. Africa Trade Network (ATN) The ATN, which has observer status with the African Union and the UN-ECA and strong relations with UNCTAD, has been a key vehicle for TWN-Africa’s work on issues of trade and investment policy in Africa.
  4. Arab NGO Network for Development (ANND) The Arab NGO Network for Development (ANND) is a regional network, working in 12 Arab countries with seven national networks (with an extended membership of 200 CSOs from different backgrounds) and 23 NGO members. ANND advocates for more sound and effective socio-economic reforms in the region, which integrate the concepts of sustainable development, gender justice, and the rights-based approach.
  5. APRODEV APRODEV is the Brussels-based association of European development and humanitarian aid organisations that work closely with the World Council of Churches (WCC). Its members are : Bread for All, Bread for the World, Christian Aid, Church of Sweden, Cimade, DanChurchAid, Diakonia, EAEZ, EED, FinnChurchAid, KerkinactieGlobal Ministries, HEKS/EPER, Hungarian Interchurch Aid, ICCO, Icelandic Church Aid, Norwegian Church Aid Observers are the World Council of Churches, the Lutheran World Federation and ACT.
  6. Asia Pacific Mission for Migrants (APMM) A regional migrant centre working in the Asia Pacific and Middle East region.
  7. Dignity International Dignity International’s vision is of a world in which everyone enjoys human rights and lives in dignity; free from fear, poverty and discrimination. Dignity International advocates with, connects, and supports the empowerment of deprived and struggling communities in claiming their human rights, and creating social justice around the world.
  8. Eastern and Southern Africa Small-scale Farmer’s Forum (ESAFF) ESAFF is a network of small holder farmers that advocate for policy, practice and attitude change that reflects the needs, aspirations, and development of small-scale farmers in east and southern Africa. ESAFF operates in 13 countries.
  9. IBON International IBON initiates and implements international programs, develops and hosts international networks, initiates and participates in international advocacy campaigns, and establishes regional and country offices. IBON strengthens links between local campaigns and advocacies to international initiatives.
  10. International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) The ITUC is the global voice of the world’s working people.The ITUC, Global Union Federation represents 176 million workers in 156 countries and territories and has 325 national affiliates.
  11. LDC Watch LDC Watch is a global alliance of national, regional and international civil society organisations (CSOs), networks and movements based in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs).
  12. Oxfam is an international confederation of 17 organizations networked together in more than 90 countries, as part of a global movement for change, to build a future free from the injustice of poverty.
  13. Pax Romana ICMICA Asia Global network of Catholic leaders committed to justice, peace and creation.
  14. People’s Coalition on Food Sovereignty (PCFS) The PCFS is a growing network of various grassroots groups of small food producers particularly of peasant-farmer organizations and their support NGOs, working towards a People’s Convention on Food Sovereignty.
  15. Peoples’ Health Movement The PHM is a global network bringing together grassroots health activists, civil society organizations and academic institutions from around the world, particularly from low and middle income countries (L&MIC) with a presence in around 70 countries.
  16. Pesticide Action Network -Asia and the Pacific (PAN-AP) PAN AP is one of the five regional centres of PAN, a global network dedicated to eliminating the harm caused to humans and the environment by pesticides and promoting biodiversity-based ecological agriculture.
  17. Pesticide Action Network (PAN) Africa PAN Africa is an information and action network and a member of Pesticide Action Network International, a global coalition of voluntary groups, non-governmental organisations, civil societies, research institutes, scholars, and citizens working towards the adoption of sound ecological practices to replace the use of hazardous chemical pesticides.
  18. Plataforma Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, Democracia y Desarrollo (PIDHHD) La PIDHDD es un actor político, conformado por Capítulos Nacionales que articulanorganizaciones sociales e instituciones de la sociedad civil, que promueve la plena vigencia y realización de los derechos humanos; Actualmente, se cuenta con capítulosnacionales constituidos y en funcionamiento en 16 países del continente americano: Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Dominicana, Ecuador, El Salvador, Haití, Guatemala, México, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay y Venezuela.
  19. Public Services International (PSI) Public Services International (PSI) is a global trade union federation dedicated to promoting quality public services in every part of the world. PSI brings together more than 20 million workers, represented by 650 unions in 150 countries and territories.
  20. Social Watch Social Watch is an international network of citizens’ organizations struggling to eradicate poverty and the causes of poverty, to ensure an equitable distribution of wealth and the realization of human rights.
  21. Southern and Eastern African Trade, Information and Negotiations Institute (SEATINI) An African initiative to strengthen Africa’s capacity to take a more effective part in the emerging global trading system and to better manage the process of Globalization.
  22. Third World Network (TWN) Third World Network (TWN) is an independent non-profit international network of organisations and individuals involved in issues relating to development, developing countries and North-South affairs.
  23. Third World Network (TWN) Africa TWN-Africa co-ordinates the Africa Trade Network which was established in 1998 by TWN-Africa, and has over 25 members from 15 countries in Africa. National Organizations and Individuals 24 Fórum das Organizações Não Governamentais Angolanas (FONGA) Angola 25 Gilbert Agricultural and Rural Development Centre (GARDC) Antigua and Barbuda
  24. Australian Fair Trade and Investment Network (AFTINET) Australia
  25. Kannan Srinivasan Adjunct Research Fellow School of Political and Social Inquiry, Monash University Australia
  26. The International Grail Network for Justice in Trade Agreements Australia
  27. Information Group on Latin America (IGLA) Austria
  28. Civil Society Bahamas Bahamas
  29. Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD) Bangladesh
  30. Barbados Association of Non Governmental Organisations (BANGO) Barbados
  31. 11.11.11 Belgium
  32. Africa Europa Faith and Justice Network Belgium
  33. CNCD-11.11.11 Belgium
  34. SOS Faim – Belgique Belgium
  35. Belize Enterprise for Sustainable Technology Belize
  36. JINUKUN Benin
  37. René M. SEGBENOU Benin
  38. Groupe de Recherche et d’Action pour la Promotion de l’Agriculture et du Développement (GRAPAD) Benin Republic
  39. Grupo de Trabajo de Cambio Climático y Justicia (GTCCJ) Bolivia
  40. Botswana Council of Non Governmental Organisations (BOCONGO) Botswana
  41. Federação Nacional dos Trabalhadores e Trabalhadoras na Agricultura Familiar (FETRAF) Brazil
  42. Central Única dos Trabalhadores (CUT) Brazil
  43. 5 Confederação Nacional dos Trabalhadores na Agricultura (CONTAG) Brazil
  44. Instituto EQUIT Brazil
  45. Rede Brasileira Pela Integração dos Povos (REBRIP) Brazil
  46. Network of Civil Society Organizations for Sustainable Food Security (ROSSAD) Burkina Faso
  47. Cadre de concertation des OSC pour le suivi du CSLP (CdC/CSLP) Burkina Faso
  48. Civil Society Organization Network for Development (RESOCIDE) Burkina Faso
  49. Action Développement et Intégration Régionale (ADIR) Burundi
  50. Africa Development Interchange Network (ADIN) Cameroon
  51. Collectif des ONG pour la Sécurité Alimentaire et le développement Rural en abrégé (COSADER) Cameroon
  52. Conseil des ONG Agrees du Cameroun (CONGAC ) Cameroon
  53. Cambodian Human Right Actions Committee Cambodia
  54. Canadian Foodgrains Bank Canada
  55. Kari Polanyi Levitt, Canada Canada
  56. Association Commerciale, Agricole, Industriel et du Service (ACAISA) Cape Verde
  57. Conseil Inter ONG En Centrafrique (CIONGCA) Central African Rep.
  58. Centre d’Information et de Liaison des ONG (CILONG) Chad
  59. Central Unitaria de Trabajadores de Colombia (CUT) Colombia
  60. Fabio Arias Giraldo, General Secretary, CUT Colombia
  61. Instituto Latinoamericano Para Una Sociedad Y Un Derecho Alternativos, ILSA, Colombia
  62. Conseil de Concertation des ONGs de Développement (CCOD) Congo
  63. Cook Islands Association of Non-Governmental Organisations (CIANGO) Cook Islands
  64. Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País Cuba
  65. Conseil National des ONG de Développement (CNONGD) D.R. Congo
  66. Kalingo Carib Council Dominica
  67. Alianza ONG Dominican Republic
  68. Fernando Rosero, Centro Andino para la Formación de Líderes Sociales Ecuador
  69. Red De Accion Ciudadana Frente Al Libre Comercio E Inversion, Sinti Techan El Salvador
  70. Forum des ONG pour le Développement Durable (FONGDD) Eq. Guinea
  71. Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa (AFSA) Ethiopia
  72. Ethiopian Consumer Society (ECS) Ethiopia 75 Institute for Sustainable Development Ethiopia
  73. Movement for Ecological Learning and Community Action (MELCA) Ethiopia
  74. Sue Edwards Ethiopia
  75. Cotonou Task Force Ethiopia
  76. Poverty Action Network in Ethiopia (PANE) Ethiopia
  77. Europe Écologie Greens France
  78. Francoise Alamartine, d’Europe Ecologie les Verts France
  79. Solidarité France
  80. Concertation Nationale Des Organisations paysannes et des Producteurs (CNOP) Gabon
  81. Worldview Gambia
  82. Agricultural Workers Union of TUC Ghana
  83. Inter Agency Group of Development Organizations (IAGDO) Grenada
  84. Confederación De Unidad Sindical De Guatemala (CUSG) GUATEMALA
  85. Federation de Femmes Enterpreneurs et Affairs de la CEDEAO (FEFA) Guinea
  86. Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisa (INEI) Guinea-Bissau
  87. Women Across Differences (WAD) Guyana
  88. Plateforme haïtienne de Plaidoyer pour un Développement Alternatif (PAPDA) Haïti
  89. Programme de Plaidoyer Pour une Intégration Alternative (PPIA) Haïti
  90. Federacion de Sindicatos de Trabajadores de la Agroindustria (FESTAGRO) Honduras
  91. Fundación Cosecha Sostenible de Honduras (FUCOHSO) Honduras
  92. All India Drug Action Network India
  93. Alliance for Democratization of Agricultural Research in South Asia [ADARSA] India
  94. Alliance for Food Sovereignty in South Asia [AFSSA] India
  95. Amitava Guha, Confederation of Indian Trade Unions India
  96. Annakili, Unorganised Workers Union, Vellore India
  97. Aruna Rodriguez, Sunray Harvesters India
  98. Asha Kisan Swaraj India
  99. Bhagirath Lal Das, Former Ambassador to the WTO India
  100. Bharatiya Krishak Samaj India
  101. Centre for Organisation Research & Education India
  102. Chandra, Women’s Education and Economic Development Trust India
  103. Commission on Justice, Peace and Creation, National Council of Churches in India India
  104. Community Media Trust India
  105. Confederation of Indian Traders (CAIT) India
  106. Centre of Science and Technology for Rural Development (COSTFORD) India
  107. Deccan Development Society India
  108. Delhi Network of Positive People India
  109. Dr. K. Prabhakar, Professor, SRM University, SRM Nagar, Chennai, India
  110. Dr. Ms Mahtab S. Bamji, INSA Honorary Scientist, Dangoria Charitable Trust, Hyderabad India
  111. Focus on the Global South-India India
  112. Forum for Biotechnology & Food Security India
  113. Green Souls India
  114. Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS) India
  115. India FDI Watch India
  116. India Resource Center India
  117. Indian Social Action Forum (INSAF) India
  118. Initiative for Health & Equity in Society India 122 Inter Cultural Resources India
  119. IT for Change India
  120. Jan Swasthya Abhiyan India
  121. Jayati Ghosh, Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University India
  122. Kavita Srivastava, on behalf of the Steering Committee of the Right to Food Campaign India
  123. K. Pandu Dora, Convenor, Adivasi Aikya Vedika India
  124. LOCOST India
  125. Madhusudhan, Yakshi India
  126. Madhyam India
  127. Madras Christian Council of Social Service India
  128. Malini Chakravarty, Senior Economist, Economic Research Foundation India
  129. Millet Network of India [MINI] India
  130. Mira Shiva, Health and Women’s Rights Activist India
  131. National Hawker Federation India
  132. New Trade Union Initiative (NTUI) India
  133. Omkar Bhaskar, India India
  134. Oxfam India India
  135. Ponnuthai, Kalanjium Women farmers Association India
  136. Prof. J. George [Phd. Economics, Delhi School of Economics] India
  137. Regional Centre for Development Cooperation (RCDC) India
  138. Reji K. Joseph, Assistant Professor, Central University of Gujarat India
  139. Research Foundation for Science Technology & Ecology India
  140. Rythu Swarajya Vedika India
  141. Sheelu, Women’s Collective India
  142. Smitha Francis, Economist India
  143. Southern Action on Genetic Engineering [SAGE) India
  144. Sundari, Tamilnadu Resource Team India
  145. Udhayam Capuchin Franciscan Peace Centre India
  146. Uma Shankari , Rashtriya Raithu Seva Samithi, India
  147. Utsa Patnaik, Professor Emeritus, Jawaharlal Nehru University India
  148. Vikas Rawal, Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University India
  149. Diverse Women for Diversity, India
  150. Sagari Ramdas, Anthra-Hyderabad India
  151. Cinta Alam Pertanian – Adonara East Flores Indonesia
  152. Farmer’s Initiative for Ecological Livelihoods and Democracy (FIELD Indonesia) Indonesia
  153. Institut Perempuan (Women’Institute) Indonesia
  154. KePPAK Perempuan (Kelompok Peduli Penghapusan Tindak Kekerasan terhadap Perempuan dan Anak) Indonesia
  155. Komite Pemantau Legislatif (KOPEL) Indonesia
  156. Sarekat Hijau Indonesia
  157. VIVAT Indonesia Indonesia
  158. Yayasan Lembaga Konsumen Sulawesi Selatan Indonesia
  159. Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro (CGIL) Italy
  160. Fairwatch Italy
  161. Sergio Cesaratto, Full professor of Economics, University of Siena Italy
  162. Alliance Pour la Reconstruction et le Developpement Post-Conflit (ARDPC) Ivory Coast
  163. Campaign for Social and Economic Justice (CSEJ) Jamaica 168 Pacific Asia Resource Center (PARC) Japan
  164. Kenya Human Rights Commission (KHRC) Kenya
  165. Wote Youth Development Project Kenya
  166. National Council of NGOs Kenya
  167. Kiribati Association of Non-Governmental Organisation (KANGO) Kiribati
  168. Policy Analysis and Research Institute of Lesotho (PARIL) Lesotho
  169. Lesotho Council of NGOs (LCN) Lesotho
  170. West African Women Association (WAWA) Liberia
  171. Plate-Forme Nationale des Organisations de la Societe Civile de Madagascar Madagascar
  172. Malawi Economic Justice Network (MEJN) Malawi
  173. Malawi Economic Justice Network Malawi
  174. Consumer Association of Penang Malaysia
  175. Sahabat Alam Malaysia (Friends of the Earth) Malaysia
  176. Foundation pour le Developpment au Sahel (FDS) Mali
  177. Marshall Islands Council of NGOs (MICNGOS) Marshall Islands
  178. Association for Developement and Promotion of Human Rights (ADPDH) Mauritania
  179. Federation of Democratic Labour Unions Mauritius
  180. Mauritius Trade Union Congress Mauritius
  181. Migration and Sustainable Development Alliance Mauritius
  182. Mauritius Council of Social Service (MACOSS) Mauritius
  183. Alicia puyana Mutis, FLACSO-MÉXICO Mexico
  184. Ignacio Perrotini, Professor, UNAM Mexico
  185. Mujeres Para El Sialogo A.C. (MpD) Mexico
  186. Red Nacional Género Y Economía (REDGE) Mexico
  187. SIEMBRA A.C., Mexico Mexico
  188. FSM Alliance of NGOs (FANGO) Micronesia
  189. National Forum for Mozambiquan NGOs and CBOs (TEIA) Mozambique
  190. Episcopal Commission for Education, Catholic Bishop Conference of Myanmar Myanmar
  191. Myanmar Partnership for Development for Human Resources in Rural Areas (MyanDHRRA) Myanmar
  192. Namibia Non-Governmental Organisations Forum Trust Namibia
  193. Nauru Island Association of NGOs (NIANGO) Nauru
  194. Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN) Nepal
  195. Both ENDS Netherlands
  196. Jacques van Nederpelt, Wijk bij Duurstede Netherlands
  197. Working Group Food justice Netherlands
  198. Devinder Sharma, Chair, Forum for Biotechnology & Food Security New Delhi
  199. Action, Research and Education Network of Aotearoa (ARENA-NZ) New Zealand
  200. Edward Miller, chairperson of the Aotearoa Human Rights Lawyers Association New Zealand
  201. Reseau des Organisations de Developpement et Associations de la Defense des Droits de L’homme Et de La Democratie (Rodaddhd) Niger
  202. National du Réseau des Ong de Développement et Associations de Défense des Droits de l’Homme et de la Démocratie (RODADDHD) Niger
  203. African Heritage Institution (AfriHeritage), Enugu Nigeria
  204. African Heritage Institution Nigeria
  205. Alliance pour la Reconstruction et le Developpement Post-Conflit (ARDPC) Nigeria
  206. Chiwuike Newington Uba Nigeria
  207. Health of Mother Earth Foundation (HOMEF) Nigeria
  208. Labour, Health and human Rights Development Centre Nigeria
  209. The Knowledge and Policy Management Initiative Ltd Nigeria
  210. National Association of Nigerian Traders (NANTS) Nigeria
  211. Niue Island (Umbrella) Association of NGOs (NIUANGO) Niue
  212. Social Alternatives for Community Empowerment Pakistsan
  213. Melanesian NGO Centre for Leadership (MNCL) Papua New Guinea
  214. BASE Investigaciones Sociales Paraguay
  215. Federación Nacional De Trabajadores Del Agua Potable Y Alcantarillado Del Perú (FENTAP) Peru
  216. Red Peruana de Comercio Justo y Consumo Ético Peru
  217. Campaign for a Life of Dignity for All (KAMP) Philippines
  218. Knights for Peace, Int’l Philippines 224 Marie Sol Villalon-National In Mission for Victims of Human Trafficking, Overseas Filipino Workers and their Families, The United Methodist Church in the Philippines
  219. The Centre for Development Programs in the Cordilera (CDPC) Philippines
  220. WomanHealth Philippines
  221. Rwanda Civil Society Platform Rwanda
  222. Samoa Umbrella for Non Governmental Organisation (SUNGO) Samoa
  223. Forum das Ong de São Tomé e Principe (FONG-STP) Sao Tomé and Principe
  224. Caritas Sénégal Senegal
  225. Plate-forme des acteurs non étatiques pour le suivi de l’Accord de Cotonou au Sénégal Senegal
  226. Liaison Unit of the non-governmental organisations of Seychelles -(LUNGOS) Seychelles
  227. Civil Society Movement of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone
  228. Development Service Exchange (DSE) Solomon Islands
  229. Somali Organisation for Community Development Activities (SOCDA) Somalia
  230. African Centre for Biosafety South Africa
  231. South Durban Community Environmental Alliance South Africa
  232. Southern and East African Trade Institute (SEATINI) South Africa
  233. Studies in Poverty and Inequality Institute in Johannesburg South Africa
  234. South African NGO Council (SANGOCO) South Africa
  235. Citizens’ Coalition for Economic Justice South Korea
  236. Community Empowerment for Progress Organization-CEPO, South Sudan-Juba South Sudan
  237. South Sudan Human Rigfhts Defender Network South Sudan
  238. Iyanola (St.Lucia) Council for the Advancement of Rastafari Incorperated (ICAR) St. LuciavWindward Islands Farmers’ Association (WINFA) St. Vincent and the Grenadines
  239. Stichting Projekta Suriname
  240. Council for NGOs (CANGO) Swaziland
  241. Church of Sweden Sweden
  242. Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation Switzerland
  243. Alliance Sud Switzerland
  244. Chad Acting For The Environment (TCHAPE) Switzerland 252 International Union of Food, Agricultural, Hotel, Restaurant, Catering, Tobacco and Allied Workers’ Associations (IUF) Switzerland
  245. International-Lawyers.Org Switzerland
  246. Berne Declaration Switzerland
  247. Tanzania Association of NGOs Tanzania
  248. Tourism Investigation & Monitoring Team Thailand
  249. The Asia Foundation Timor-Leste
  250. Groupe d’Action et de Reflexion sur l’Environnement et le Développement (GARED) Togo
  251. Civil Society Forum of Tonga (CSFT) Tonga
  252. Grassroots Organisations of Trinidad & Tobago (GOTT) Trinidad & Tobago
  253. Korkut Boratav, Professor (retired), Ankara University Turkey
  254. Mustafa Ozer, Professor, Anadolu University Turkey
  255. Tuvalu Association of NGOs (TANGO) Tuvalu
  256. Consumer Education Trust Uganda
  257. Farms Not Factories UK
  258. Harry Shutt, economist, UK
  259. The Landworkers Alliance UK
  260. William Gomes, Human Rights Ambassador for Salem-News.com UK/USA
  261. Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate USA
  262. American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL–CIO) USA
  263. Arthur MacEwan, Professor Emeritus of Economics, University of Massachusetts Boston USA
  264. Center for Women’s Global Leadership USA
  265. CODEPINK USA
  266. Community Alliance for Global Justice USA
  267. Global Exchange USA
  268. Haider A. Khan, Global Deep Democracy Network and Korbel School of International Studies, University of Denver, USA
  269. International Presentation Association of the Sisters of the Presentation USA
  270. New Rules for Global Finance USA
  271. Peace and Justice Resource Center USA
  272. Public Citizen, USA USA
  273. The Oakland Institute, CA USA
  274. Vanuatu Association of NGOs (VANGO) Vanuatu
  275. Center for Sustainable Rural Development (SRD) Vietnam
  276. Aljawf Women Organization For Development Yemen
  277. Zambia Council for Social Development Zambia
  278. National Association of NGOs (NANGO) Zimbabwe

 

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