The international association DAFOH (Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting) is fighting unethical and illegal organ harvesting. Forced organ harvesting, the removal of organs from a donor without obtaining prior free and voluntary consent, is not only a gross violation of medical ethics but also a violation of the rights to life, health and bodily integrity. DAFOH is especially focusing on China, since in that country the largest number of organs have been harvested without consent.
Evidence collected since 2006 points out that the source of the bulk of Chinese transplant organs are prisoners of conscience, who are killed in the process of the organ extraction. An estimated 65,000 Falun Gong practitioners were victims of forced organ harvesting between 2000 and 2008. Falun Gong is a Chinese spiritual practice that combines meditation and exercises with a specific moral philosophy. Practioners have been persecuted by the Chinese government since 1999 as the movement is seen as a threat to national security; many members have been incarcerated. Their tissue compatibility has been systematically analyzed and stored in data banks. This process allows Chinese transplant surgeons to provide donor organs including kidney, heart, pancreas, liver, skin, and cornea on short notice.
“Purchasing organs for transplantation is ethically speaking arguable, a gray zone. However, in China, transplant medicine has crossed the line and gone beyond this gray zone. In contrast to the global phenomenon of organ trafficking where the donor stays alive, organ procurement practices in China are mostly based on the “intended death” of the donor.” (Executive Director of DAFOH, Torsten Trey, in the book States Organs, p. 18)
Mounting evidence tells a terrible tale of mutilation and murder in China. Witnesses and Chinese physicians reveal that persons affiliated with the Falun Gong cultivation practice are being killed for their organs, bones, and tissues, which are sold and transplanted at enormous profit. The perpetrators are officials of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), acting in collaboration with surgeons, police, prison authorities, and military officials. Victims are held in concentration camps prior to having their organs harvested. As many as 36 such camps are said to exist, the largest holding up to 120,000 persons. Multiple accounts suggest that a flurry of organ harvesting is now taking place, coupled with the killing of camp detainees; CCP authorities are reportedly hastening to destroy all evidence of the organ harvesting atrocity. The move follows exposure by Western media and human rights groups.
A re-enactment of organ harvesting from living Falun Gong practitioners for profit, at an event exposing the CCP’s organ harvesting crimes. A heart or liver can fetch hundreds of thousands of dollars. Overseas patients are major recipients of Chinese organ transplants.
Chart from the Orient Organ Transplant Center Website (http://www.ootc.net ) (Tianjin City) showing escalating numbers of organ transplants since 1999, when the persecution of Falun Gong started. The website claims, “from January 2005 to now, we have done 647 liver transplants – 12 of them done this week; the average waiting time is 2 weeks.” The chart indicates that from virtually a standing start in 1998 (when it performed only 9 liver transplants) by 2005 it had completed fully 2,248.
March 9, 2006
Journalist reveals Chinese concentration camp in Sujiatun, China, holding only Falun Gong practitioners.
March 24, 2006
Second witness reports concentration camp is attached to a hospital harvesting detainee organs for transplants–while the victims are still alive–and cremating the bodies on-site.
March 28, 2006
China denies reports; enacts new rules on human organ sale and transplant, effective July 1–potentially giving a three-month window for wanton seizure of organs.
March 31, 2006
Third witness, a military MD, reports a nationwide network of 36 camps connected, in some cases, by a closed rail system; 5,000+ detainees can easily be moved within 24 hours. Largest camp holds 120,000+ people
April 4, 2006
The Coalition to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong in China (CIPFG) established. CIPFG is a group founded by the Falun Dafa Association and Clearwisdom website after the underground concentration camp in Sujiatun was exposed. The organization was formally established on April 4, 2006. Its mission is to form a coalition of relevant international organizations, state agencies and media, requesting to go to China to conduct an independent, direct, interference-free investigation of the details of the persecution of Falun Gong in China. CIPFG plans to collect evidence, and completely search for the truth of the persecution of Falun Gong, including the Sujiatun concentration camp and other secret camps located elsewhere, to end this 7-year brutal persecution.
April 6, 2006
Undercover investigators disclose a “frenzy” of transplant operations; hospitals urge patients to “come in quickly.” Live organ extraction continues as evidence is transferred, hidden and destroyed.
April 9, 2006
News surfaces that illegal organ harvesting is occurring in all slave labor camps across China.
April 14, 2006
Eighty-one US congressmen join together to request President George Bush to investigate CCP atrocities of live organ harvesting.
April 19, 2006
The UK’s Sky News takes camera undercover inside Chinese hospitals where nurses and doctors confirm readily-available organs are taken from “prisoners” and that the hospital’s abundance of “donors” is due to its close connections with Chinese security forces. (watch)
April 20, 2006
Dr. Wenyi Wang gains access to the White House South Lawn with a temporary press pass and draws attention to the persecution. During Chinese Communist Party leader Hu Jingtao’s opening remarks, Wang calls out for Hu to stop the persecution of Falun Gong. Wang is taken away by U.S. secret service agents and makes headlines around the world with her act of civil disobedience. When asked by media why she took this action, Wang explains that she has worked closely on the developing story of Falun Gong practitioners being killed in large numbers in concentration camps, their organs harvested for transplant surgery. Distraught by the horror of what she had uncovered, she sought to tell Hu directly that the atrocities must be stopped.
April 23, 2006
China’s international transplantation network assistance center (http://en.zoukiishoku.com) removed their website that had previously boasted that a suitable kidney donor can be found in 1-4 weeks. The site had also said that if the first organ is found by the doctor to be unsuitable, a new organ will be offered “in one week.” Normal wait times for such a transplant in the west is 1-3 years.
July 6, 2006Independent report concludes Falun Gong organs being harvested, victims killed. A 45-page investigative report was released that addresses allegations of organ harvesting from Falun Gong detainees; the Falun Dafa Information Center is calling the report, “vitally important.” Coauthored by former Canadian Secretary of State (Asia-Pacific) David Kilgour and human rights attorney David Matas, the report draws “the regrettable conclusion that the allegations are true.”
July 25, 2006
Criminal complaint in Boston accuses Chinese delegates to transplant conference of complicity in torture. A legal complaint filed in Boston charges directors of organ transplant centers in China with overseeing forced removal of body parts such as hearts, livers, and kidneys from living bodies of imprisoned Falun Gong practitioners. Two Chinese doctors, Chen Zhonghua and Zhu Tongyu, were named in the complaint while they were attending the World Transplant Congress annual conference in Boston’s Prudential Center. A third doctor, Shen Zhongyang, was added on the morning of July 26.
October 4, 2006
US congressional hearing tells of Falun Gong practitioners being slaughtered for organs. As many as 40,000 Falun Gong practitioners, who committed no crime, have been secretly put to death in Chinese hospitals and their organs sold “on-demand,” investigators told a United States Congressional committee in Washington, DC. The hearing pointed out that little is being done to stop the ongoing killing.
December 7, 2006
Australian senators Andrew Bartlett (Democrats) and Kerry Nettle (Greens) and MP Chris Bowen (Labor) jointly held a press conference outside the Australian Parliament Building to announce the establishment of the Australian Delegation of the Coalition to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (CIPFG). The delegation demands the Chinese Communist regime to open all labor camps and hospitals in order to allow CIPFG members to perform an independent investigation into the persecution of Falun Gong and the harvesting of organs from Falun Gong practitioners.
December 10, 2006
International Human Rights Day, the Coalition to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (CIPFG) Asia Delegation was formed. It is another regional delegation of CIPFG after the establishment of the Australian Delegation. There are ninety members in CIPFG Asia, including local council leaders, administrative leaders, non-governmental leaders, figures from human rights circles, law, medicine, professionals and media outlets.
January 31, 2007
After near half a year’s continuous investigation, Canadian investigators Mr. David Matas and Mr. David Kilgour have more evidence to support the allegation of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) organ harvesting from living Falun Gong practitioners. On the morning of January 31, the two investigators released their revised report, “Bloody Harvest – Revised Report into Allegations of Organ Harvesting of Falun Gong Practitioners in China”. The revised report expanded the previous 18 considerations to 33.
The revised report contains 16 new items of proof and disproof, including interviewing organ recipients, the large number of practitioners tortured to death or missing, large-scale construction of organ transplantation centers in China after the persecution, profit-making by China’s military and medical system, the difference in ethics and law between China and other countries, the development of organ transplantation technology, and the large numbers of unidentified Falun Gong practitioners in detention.
- Report into Allegations of Organ Harvesting of Falun Gong Practitioners in China by David Matas and David Kilgour July 6, 2006 http://organharvestinvestigation.net/
- Announcing the Establishment of the Coalition to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong in China (CIPFG)
- New Witness: There Are Dozens of Similar Concentration Camps
- Witness Continues to Reveal the Horrors of Organ Removal from Live Falun Gong Practitioners Inside the Sujiatun Concentration Camp
- Witness Confirms Sujiatun Concentration Camp Is at Liaoning Provincial Thrombosis Hospital of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine
- WOIPFG: Investigative Report of Human Organ Harvesting from Alive Abducted Falun Gong Practitioners at the Sujiatun Concentration Camp (Part II)
- WOIPFG: An Investigation Report on the Death Camp in Sujiatun, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province (Part I)
- The Secret Sujiatun Concentration Camp
- State Organs
Transplant Abuse in China
Edited by David Matas and Torsten Trey
China’s organ transplant numbers are second only to the United States. Unlike any other country, virtually all Chinese organs for transplants come from prisoners. Many of these are prisoners of conscience. The killing of prisoners for their organs is a plain breach of the most basic medical ethics. State Organs explores the involvement of Chinese state institutions in this abuse. The book brings together authors from four continents who share their views and insights on the ways to combat these violations. State Organsaims to inform the reader and hopes to influence change in China to end the abuse.
“It seems to me that I cannot control what goes on in China. … But, we can control what goes on among ourselves. We can control what goes on in our journals, our meetings, our events, and our conferences. This is ours. At least we can control what goes on in our media.”
~ Gabriel Danovitch, MD
“Organs that are harvested unethically or criminally will yield clinical trial data that is criminal or unethical.”
~ Eric Goldberg, MD
“The ultimate responsibility for the ethics of transplantation is the transplant team. They have to verify that consent was obtained. They have to verify that the person did voluntarily give that organ up. They can’t say they don’t know where the organ came from. They can’t say they don’t care where the organ came from.”
~ Arthur Caplan, PhD