Nisha Nambiar

Pune: E-governance expert Anupam Saraph is not convinced with the Unique Identification Authority of India’s (UIDAI) response to his RTI application, seeking to know the difference between “identification” and “authentication“.
The UIDAI’s reply on Thursday to the RTI application dated December 31, 2017, filed by Saraph, mentioned “authentication” as defined under the Aadhaar Act, 2016.

“I had sought to know the difference between ‘identification’ of an individual and ‘authentication’ of biometric or demographic data by UIDAI. The reply did not mention any difference between the two concepts. If UIDAI is the unique identification authority, it should have a definition of ‘identification’ and ‘authentication’,” Saraph said.

“Definition of ‘authentication’ is available in regulation 2 (c) of Aadhaar Act. One should refer to section 8 (2) (a) of Aadhaar Act and regulation 6 of Aadhaar Act in case of e-KYC,” the UIDAI reply stated.

Bombay high court lawyer Yogesh Mehta said “identification” and “authentication” are different concepts. “Identification is a claim and authentication is validating the identity to be true and correct,” he said.

Since an Aadhaar number is issued after verification by the statutory authority and is based on an individual’s unique characteristics, the number and information stored can be used for authentication purposes by submitting the biometrics and matching those with the records maintained by the authority, Mehta said.