An objective look at the social, political, and economic conditions in India which have given rise to the Naxalite insurgency.

Despite economic growth, overall poverty in India has increased due to uneven economic development. The Naxals consist of various political parties influenced by Mao Zedong‘s communist ideology calling for armed peasant insurrection against the upper classes.

India’s poor and tribal peoples are the victims of a class war, suffering severe economic exploitation and brutal political repression as well as loss of land at the hands of the ruling establishment and multinational corporations.

The Naxals, representing the lower classes, have taken up arms against India’s government in a bid for state power. They have instituted land reforms and other measures in areas under their control.

India’s federal government continues to wage a bloody counterinsurgency campaign against the Naxals, refusing to undertake the necessary land reforms and other political and economic changes required for hostilities to cease.

Numerous sociological studies demonstrate that greater social, economic, and political equality correlate to increased individual and societal health.