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Caged Justice: Supreme Court’s latest Order on Undertrials and its Impact in Chhattisgarh

By Guneet Kaur,

“There is little reason to cheer about, regarding Supreme Court’s recent order on the implementation of Section 436A CrPC, for undertrials in India’s most crowded jails.”

Prolonged incarceration of under-trials is one of the most reprehensible aspects of our democracy. It goes against the foundational principles of any criminal justice system, which is that one is innocent until proven guilty. In 2005, Sec. 436-A was inserted in the Code of Criminal Procedure. It provides that under-trials, who have already served more than half of their prison sentence, during the stage of investigation, inquiry or trial of the case and have been denied bail or have been granted bail but are unable to provide surety or bail bonds, should be released on a personal bond. In a much-celebrated recent order of the Supreme Court of India in Bhim Singh v. Union of India, the court passed strictures for proper implementation of the above-mentioned law. However, for the many under-trials languishing in the jails of Chhattisgarh, which has country’s most over-crowded jails for the past five years, the Supreme Court order offers little hope.

#WTFnews" data-image-description="<div class="row"> <div class="heading-part"> <h1></h1> <h2 class="synopsis">The locals alleged that a 17-year-old boy had died after the <a class="zem_slink" title="Nigerians" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nigerians" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Nigerians</a> forced him to take drugs.</h2> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="leftpanel"> <div class="story-details"> <div class="main-story"> <div class="articles"> <div class="full-details"> <div class="share-social"> <div class="comments"> <div class="icons"> <div class="append_social_share"> <ul class="custom-share"> <li class="gplus"></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="storycenterbyline" class="editor">By: <a href="http://indianexpress.com/agency/express-web-desk/">Express Web Desk</a> | <a class="zem_slink" title="New Delhi" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Delhi" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">New Delhi</a> | Updated: March 28, 2017 3:10 pm</div> <p><span class="custom-caption"><img class="wp-image-4588679 size-full" src="http://images.indianexpress.com/2017/03/student-protest-african-student-attacked-759.jpg" alt="nigerian attacked, nigerian students attacked, attack on nigerian students, african student, african attacked, greater noida, noida nigerians attack, nigerians attacked, nigerian students, uttar pradesh, yogi adityanath, sushma swaraj, indian express" /><a class="zem_slink" title="Protest" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protest" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Protests</a> in Patel Chowk (representational image). (Source: ANI)</span>Five people have been arrested by the police in <a class="zem_slink" title="Uttar Pradesh" href="http://www.up.gov.in/" target="_blank" rel="homepage">Uttar Pradesh</a> after an attack on <a class="zem_slink" title="British Nigerian" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Nigerian" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Nigerian</a> students in <a class="zem_slink" title="Greater Noida" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greater_Noida" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Greater Noida</a>. The four Nigerian students were attacked by a mob during a candle-light march for a 17-year-old boy who had died on Saturday.</p> <p>“Police have arrested five persons. <a class="zem_slink" title="First Information Report" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Information_Report" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">FIR</a> registered and action will be taken accordingly,” Daljit Chaudhary, ADG <a class="zem_slink" title="Law and order (politics)" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_and_order_%28politics%29" target="_blank" rel="wikipedia">Law and Order</a> was quoted as saying by news agency ANI.</p> <p>The locals alleged that the boy had died after the Nigerians forced him to take drugs. <a href="http://indianexpress.com/about/dharmendra/">Dharmendra</a> Singh, SSP <a class="zem_slink" title="Gautam Budh Nagar district" href="http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=28.5333,77.3891&spn=1.0,1.0&q=28.5333,77.3891 (Gautam%20Budh%20Nagar%20district)&t=h" target="_blank" rel="geolocation">Gautam Buddha Nagar</a> said: “The protest had been taken out by residents of the area to demand the arrest of the five Nigerians for the death of the Class XII student. A section of those gathered in the area, however, attacked some Africans. We have video recordings of the entire protest and attack. Around five people who could be seen attacking them have been picked up. An FIR is being registered and we are identifying those behind the incident.”</p> <div class="SandboxRoot is-touch env-bp-350" data-twitter-event-id="0"> <div id="twitter-widget-0" class="EmbeddedTweet js-clickToOpenTarget" lang="en" data-click-to-open-target="https://twitter.com/ANINewsUP/status/846614706525646850" data-iframe-title="Twitter Tweet" data-dt-full="%{hours12}:%{minutes} %{amPm} - %{day} %{month} %{year}" data-dt-months="Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec" data-dt-am="AM" data-dt-pm="PM" data-dt-now="now" data-dt-s="s" data-dt-m="m" data-dt-h="h" data-dt-second="second" data-dt-seconds="seconds" data-dt-minute="minute" data-dt-minutes="minutes" data-dt-hour="hour" data-dt-hours="hours" data-dt-abbr="%{number}%{symbol}" data-dt-short="%{day} %{month}" data-dt-long="%{day} %{month} %{year}" data-scribe="page:tweet" data-twitter-event-id="1"> <div class="EmbeddedTweet-ancestor" data-scribe="section:conversation"> <blockquote class="Tweet Tweet--compact h-entry reply js-tweetIdInfo <p> is-deciderHtmlWhitespace" cite="https://twitter.com/ANINewsUP/status/846604225522094080" data-tweet-id="846604225522094080"></p> <div class="Tweet-header u-cf"> <div class="Tweet-metadata u-floatRight"><a class="u-linkBlend u-url permalink customisable-highlight" href="https://twitter.com/ANINewsUP/status/846604225522094080" data-scribe="element:mini_timestamp"><time class="dt-updated" title="Time posted: 28 Mar 2017, 06:05:51 (UTC)" datetime="2017-03-28T06:05:51+0000">5<abbr title="hours">h</abbr></time></a></div> <div class="TweetAuthor TweetAuthor--oneLine" data-scribe="component:author"><a class="TweetAuthor-link Identity u-linkBlend" href="https://twitter.com/ANINewsUP" data-scribe="element:user_link"><span class="TweetAuthor-avatar Identity-avatar"><img class="Avatar" src="https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/706717125369470976/C-CLFqhC_normal.jpg" alt="" data-scribe="element:avatar" data-src-2x="https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/706717125369470976/C-CLFqhC_bigger.jpg" data-src-1x="https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/706717125369470976/C-CLFqhC_normal.jpg" /></span><span class="TweetAuthor-name Identity-name customisable-highlight" title="ANI UP" data-scribe="element:name">ANI UP</span> </a></p> <div class="Icon Icon--verified " title="Verified Account"></div> <p><a class="TweetAuthor-link Identity u-linkBlend" href="https://twitter.com/ANINewsUP" data-scribe="element:user_link"><span class="TweetAuthor-verifiedBadge" data-scribe="element:verified_badge"><b class="u-hiddenVisually">✔</b></span> <span class="TweetAuthor-screenName Identity-screenName" dir="ltr" title="@ANINewsUP" data-scribe="element:screen_name">@ANINewsUP</span></a></div> </div> <div class="Tweet-body e-entry-content" data-scribe="component:tweet"> <p class="Tweet-text e-entry-title" dir="ltr" lang="en">Police have arrested 5 persons. FIR registered, action will be taken accordingly: Daljeet Chaudhary (ADG, <a class="zem_slink" title="Law & Order" href="http://www.nbc.com/Law_and_Order/video/" target="_blank" rel="hulu">Law&Order</a>) on attack on Nigerians <a class="PrettyLink link media customisable" dir="ltr" href="https://t.co/rs00krq2rM" data-pre-embedded="true" data-scribe="">pic.twitter.com/rs00krq2rM</a></p> </div> </blockquote> </div> <div class="EmbeddedTweet-tweet"> <blockquote class="Tweet h-entry js-tweetIdInfo subject expanded <p> is-deciderHtmlWhitespace" cite="https://twitter.com/ANINewsUP/status/846614706525646850" data-tweet-id="846614706525646850" data-scribe="section:subject"></p> <div class="Tweet-header u-cf"> <div class="Tweet-brand u-floatRight"> <div class="Icon Icon--twitter " title=""></div> <p><span class="u-hiddenInNarrowEnv"><a class="FollowButton follow-button profile" title="Follow ANI UP on Twitter" href="https://twitter.com/ANINewsUP" data-scribe="component:followbutton">Follow</a></span></div> <div class="TweetAuthor " data-scribe="component:author"><a class="TweetAuthor-link Identity u-linkBlend" href="https://twitter.com/ANINewsUP" data-scribe="element:user_link"><span class="TweetAuthor-avatar Identity-avatar"><img class="Avatar" src="https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/706717125369470976/C-CLFqhC_normal.jpg" alt="" data-scribe="element:avatar" data-src-2x="https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/706717125369470976/C-CLFqhC_bigger.jpg" data-src-1x="https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/706717125369470976/C-CLFqhC_normal.jpg" /></span><span class="TweetAuthor-name Identity-name customisable-highlight" title="ANI UP" data-scribe="element:name">ANI UP</span> </a></p> <div class="Icon Icon--verified " title="Verified Account"></div> <p><a class="TweetAuthor-link Identity u-linkBlend" href="https://twitter.com/ANINewsUP" data-scribe="element:user_link"><span class="TweetAuthor-verifiedBadge" data-scribe="element:verified_badge"><b class="u-hiddenVisually">✔</b></span><span class="TweetAuthor-screenName Identity-screenName" dir="ltr" title="@ANINewsUP" data-scribe="element:screen_name">@ANINewsUP</span></a></div> </div> <div class="Tweet-body e-entry-content" data-scribe="component:tweet"> <p class="Tweet-text e-entry-title" dir="ltr" lang="en">We don’t know why we were assaulted, the mob hit us with rods, bricks and knives: Nigerian national who was attacked <a class="PrettyLink link media customisable" dir="ltr" href="https://t.co/PaN6V5AC3l" data-pre-embedded="true" data-scribe="">pic.twitter.com/PaN6V5AC3l</a></p> <div class="Tweet-metadata dateline"><a class="u-linkBlend u-url customisable-highlight long-permalink" href="https://twitter.com/ANINewsUP/status/846614706525646850" data-datetime="2017-03-28T06:47:30+0000" data-scribe="element:full_timestamp"><time class="dt-updated" title="Time posted: 28 Mar 2017, 06:47:30 (UTC)" datetime="2017-03-28T06:47:30+0000">12:17 PM – 28 Mar 2017</time></a></div> <div class="Tweet-card"> <article class="MediaCard customisable-border" dir="ltr" data-scribe="component:card"></p> <div class="MediaCard-media"> <div class="MediaCard-widthConstraint js-cspForcedStyle" data-style="max-width: 720px"> <div class="MediaCard-mediaContainer js-cspForcedStyle" data-style="padding-bottom: 80.0000%"><a class="MediaCard-mediaAsset NaturalImage NaturalImage--roundedTop NaturalImage--roundedBottom" href="https://twitter.com/ANINewsUP/status/846614706525646850/photo/1" data-scribe="element:photo"><img class="NaturalImage-image" title="View image on Twitter" src="https://pbs.twimg.com/media/C7_HhtbVMAAFVh-.jpg:small" alt="View image on Twitter" width="720" height="576" data-srcset="https%3A%2F%2Fpbs.twimg.com%2Fmedia%2FC7_HhtbVMAAFVh-.jpg%3Alarge 720w,https%3A%2F%2Fpbs.twimg.com%2Fmedia%2FC7_HhtbVMAAFVh-.jpg 720w,https%3A%2F%2Fpbs.twimg.com%2Fmedia%2FC7_HhtbVMAAFVh-.jpg%3Asmall 680w" /></a></div> </div> </div> </article> </div> <ul class="Tweet-actions" data-scribe="component:actions"> <li class="Tweet-action"> <div class="Icon Icon--reply TweetAction-icon" title="Reply"></div> </li> <li class="Tweet-action"> <div class="Icon Icon--retweet TweetAction-icon" title="Retweet"></div> </li> </ul> </div> </blockquote> </div> </div> <div class="resize-sensor"> <section class="container"> <div class="story-section"> <div class="clearfix story-area"> <div class="story-area-left"> <div class="story-highlight"> <div class="story-lg-img"> <div class="thumbnail"><img title="Nigerians attacked" src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_960x540/HT/p2/2017/03/28/Pictures/greater-quality-available-attacks-nationals-received-african_20860abc-1378-11e7-a5d6-c47fceabb9c0.jpg" alt="Nigerians attacked" /></div> <h2>A policeman helps an African national, apparently injured in a racial attack in Greater Noida on Monday.(HT Photo)</h2> </div> </div> <div class="story-content"> <div class="social-icons-ar no-print social-fixed"></div> <article class="story-details">African students living in Greater Noida say they face daily prejudice and are living in fear after two days of violence targeted at them following the mysterious death of a local youth.</p> <p>The students – who hail from various nations in Africa – allege political pressure behind the attacks amid rising tensions between local residents and the foreigners.</p> <p>“We come to India to live in peace but we will not be bullied by force or violence. The need of the hour is for African students to unite against this blatant racism,” said Lawrence, a Nigerian national.</p> </article> <p>We have been living in a sense of fear as there is no protection for us even after the attack,” said Bukola, a commerce student at IEC college</p> <header class="header-wrapper"> <section class="header-menu"> <div class="container"></div> </section> </header> <section class="container"> <div class="story-section"> <div class="clearfix story-area"> <div class="story-area-left"> <div class="story-highlight"> <div class="media user-dt"> <div class="media-left"></div> <div class="media-body"> <div class="para-txt"><a href="http://www.hindustantimes.com/columns/vaibhav-jha">Vaibhav Jha</a><br /> Greater Noida, Hindustan Times</div> </div> </div> <div class="story-lg-img"> <div class="thumbnail"><img title="Nigerians attacked" src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_960x540/HT/p2/2017/03/28/Pictures/greater-quality-available-attacks-nationals-received-african_20860abc-1378-11e7-a5d6-c47fceabb9c0.jpg" alt="Nigerians attacked" /></div> <h2>A policeman helps an African national, apparently injured in a racial attack in Greater Noida on Monday.(HT Photo)</h2> </div> </div> <div class="story-content"> <div class="social-icons-ar no-print social-fixed"></div> <article class="story-details">African students living in Greater Noida say they face daily prejudice and are living in fear after two days of violence targeted at them following the mysterious death of a local youth.</p> <p>The students – who hail from various nations in Africa – allege political pressure behind the attacks amid rising tensions between local residents and the foreigners.</p> <p>“We come to India to live in peace but we will not be bullied by force or violence. The need of the hour is for African students to unite against this blatant racism,” said Lawrence, a Nigerian national.</p> <div class="story-readmore">Read more</div> <ul class="latest-news-bx row"> <li class="col-sm-12 col-md-12 col-lg-6"> <div class="media"> <div class="media-left"> <div class="media-img"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_90x90/HT/p2/2017/03/28/Pictures/sushma-swaraj-in-rajya-sabha_4471dcbc-136e-11e7-a5d6-c47fceabb9c0.jpg" /></div> </div> <div class="media-body"> <div class="media-heading headingfour"><a href="http://www.hindustantimes.com/noida/up-cm-adityanath-assured-fair-probe-into-assault-of-africans-in-greater-noida-sushma/story-o4wNBrSnd2XdEaMjgo0xvK.html">UP CM Adityanath assured fair probe into assault of Africans in Greater Noida: Sushma</a></div> </div> </div> </li> <li class="col-sm-12 col-md-12 col-lg-6"> <div class="media"> <div class="media-left"> <div class="media-img"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_90x90/HT/p2/2017/03/26/Pictures/overdose-details-receive-edition-koneru-nigerians-booked_d055bfa8-1244-11e7-9152-693fb265b0f1.jpg" /></div> </div> <div class="media-body"> <div class="media-heading headingfour"><a href="http://www.hindustantimes.com/noida/class-12-boy-in-noida-dies-of-drug-overdose-five-nigerians-booked/story-NORU3kIPUW8zTkc2ZTU6jL.html">Class 12 boy in Noida dies of ‘drug overdose’, five Nigerians booked</a></div> </div> </div> </li> </ul> <p>The violence broke out on Sunday after a Class 12 student Manish Khari died because of a suspected drug overdose. Locals alleged that Africans living in the area had plied the youth with drugs and attacked two Nigerians on Sunday night. Police also arrested five Africans but released them later because of a lack of proof.</p> <div class="float-div right-dt inline-photo"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_960x540/HT/p2/2017/03/28/Pictures/greater-quality-available-attacks-nationals-received-african_27e31ae2-1383-11e7-9d7a-cd3db232b835.jpg" /></p> <div class="para-txt">The crowd was peaceful until it reached Pari Chowk, but went out of control at the sight of Africans in the market. A car was also damaged by the angry mob. (HT Photo)</div> </div> <p>A day later, a protest march by residents turned violent as people assaulted several Africans at Greater Noida’s busy Pari Chowk. Rumours startled swirling that residents had abducted a Nigerian woman – a speculation denied by police. The waves of violence have left the foreigners rattled.</p> <p>“We have been living in a sense of fear as there is no protection for us even after the attack,” said Bukola, a commerce student at IEC college.</p> <div class="float-div right-dt inline-photo"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_960x540/HT/p2/2017/03/28/Pictures/greater-quality-available-attacks-nationals-received-african_febd74ba-1377-11e7-a5d6-c47fceabb9c0.jpg" /></p> <div class="para-txt">African nationals talk to a policeman after a suspected racial attack on them, in Greater Noida on Monday. (HT Photo)</div> </div> <p>Lawrence said the attacks were well-planned.</p> <div id="inarticle_wrapper_div"></div> <p>“We had assembled at Kasna Police station on Monday morning demanding the release of two students who had been arrested without proper investigation. As soon as the duo got bail and we left the spot, several African nationals were attacked by the local people,” said Lawrence.</p> <p><a name="pd_a_9708559"></a></p> <div id="PDI_container9708559" class="PDS_Poll"> </p> <header class="header-wrapper"> <section class="header-menu"> <div class="container"> <div class="main-nav clearfix"> <div class="nav-area"> <ul class="menu-list clearfix"> <li class="more-opt"><a><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/images/app-images/ht/more-icon-cm.png" alt="" /></a> <div id="menu_more" class="ns-megamenu"></div> </li> </ul> </div> <form id="searchForm" action="http://www.hindustantimes.com/search" method="post"><input id="newsearchbox_new" class="search-pnl" name="search" required="required" type="text" value="" placeholder="Search" /></form> </div> </div> </section> </header> <div class="container"></div> <section class="container"> <div></div> <div class="story-section"> <div class="clearfix story-area"> <div class="story-area-left"> <div class="story-highlight"> <h1>‘We won’t be bullied by violence’: Nigerian students on Greater Noida attacks</h1> <p><a class="cta-link cities-cb-section mr-15" href="http://www.hindustantimes.com/noida/">NOIDA</a> <span class="text-dt">Updated: Mar 28, 2017 14:32 IST</span></p> <div class="media user-dt"> <div class="media-left"> <div class="media-img author-sm-img"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/images/app-images/ht/default_author.png" alt="Vaibhav Jha" /></div> </div> <div class="media-body"> <div class="para-txt"><a href="http://www.hindustantimes.com/columns/vaibhav-jha">Vaibhav Jha</a><br /> Greater Noida, Hindustan Times</div> </div> </div> <div class="story-lg-img"> <div class="thumbnail"><img title="Nigerians attacked" src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_960x540/HT/p2/2017/03/28/Pictures/greater-quality-available-attacks-nationals-received-african_20860abc-1378-11e7-a5d6-c47fceabb9c0.jpg" alt="Nigerians attacked" /></div> <h2>A policeman helps an African national, apparently injured in a racial attack in Greater Noida on Monday.(HT Photo)</h2> </div> </div> <div class="story-content"> <div class="social-icons-ar no-print social-fixed"></div> <article class="story-details">African students living in Greater Noida say they face daily prejudice and are living in fear after two days of violence targeted at them following the mysterious death of a local youth.</p> <p>The students – who hail from various nations in Africa – allege political pressure behind the attacks amid rising tensions between local residents and the foreigners.</p> <p>“We come to India to live in peace but we will not be bullied by force or violence. The need of the hour is for African students to unite against this blatant racism,” said Lawrence, a Nigerian national.</p> <div class="story-readmore">Read more</div> <ul class="latest-news-bx row"> <li class="col-sm-12 col-md-12 col-lg-6"> <div class="media"> <div class="media-left"> <div class="media-img"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_90x90/HT/p2/2017/03/28/Pictures/sushma-swaraj-in-rajya-sabha_4471dcbc-136e-11e7-a5d6-c47fceabb9c0.jpg" /></div> </div> <div class="media-body"> <div class="media-heading headingfour"><a href="http://www.hindustantimes.com/noida/up-cm-adityanath-assured-fair-probe-into-assault-of-africans-in-greater-noida-sushma/story-o4wNBrSnd2XdEaMjgo0xvK.html">UP CM Adityanath assured fair probe into assault of Africans in Greater Noida: Sushma</a></div> </div> </div> </li> <li class="col-sm-12 col-md-12 col-lg-6"> <div class="media"> <div class="media-left"> <div class="media-img"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_90x90/HT/p2/2017/03/26/Pictures/overdose-details-receive-edition-koneru-nigerians-booked_d055bfa8-1244-11e7-9152-693fb265b0f1.jpg" /></div> </div> <div class="media-body"> <div class="media-heading headingfour"><a href="http://www.hindustantimes.com/noida/class-12-boy-in-noida-dies-of-drug-overdose-five-nigerians-booked/story-NORU3kIPUW8zTkc2ZTU6jL.html">Class 12 boy in Noida dies of ‘drug overdose’, five Nigerians booked</a></div> </div> </div> </li> </ul> <p>The violence broke out on Sunday after a Class 12 student Manish Khari died because of a suspected drug overdose. Locals alleged that Africans living in the area had plied the youth with drugs and attacked two Nigerians on Sunday night. Police also arrested five Africans but released them later because of a lack of proof.</p> <div class="float-div right-dt inline-photo"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_960x540/HT/p2/2017/03/28/Pictures/greater-quality-available-attacks-nationals-received-african_27e31ae2-1383-11e7-9d7a-cd3db232b835.jpg" /></p> <div class="para-txt">The crowd was peaceful until it reached Pari Chowk, but went out of control at the sight of Africans in the market. A car was also damaged by the angry mob. (HT Photo)</div> </div> <p>A day later, a protest march by residents turned violent as people assaulted several Africans at Greater Noida’s busy Pari Chowk. Rumours startled swirling that residents had abducted a Nigerian woman – a speculation denied by police. The waves of violence have left the foreigners rattled.</p> <p>“We have been living in a sense of fear as there is no protection for us even after the attack,” said Bukola, a commerce student at IEC college.</p> <div class="float-div right-dt inline-photo"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_960x540/HT/p2/2017/03/28/Pictures/greater-quality-available-attacks-nationals-received-african_febd74ba-1377-11e7-a5d6-c47fceabb9c0.jpg" /></p> <div class="para-txt">African nationals talk to a policeman after a suspected racial attack on them, in Greater Noida on Monday. (HT Photo)</div> </div> <p>Lawrence said the attacks were well-planned.</p> <div id="inarticle_wrapper_div"></div> <p>“We had assembled at Kasna Police station on Monday morning demanding the release of two students who had been arrested without proper investigation. As soon as the duo got bail and we left the spot, several African nationals were attacked by the local people,” said Lawrence.</p> <div id="PDI_container9708559" class="PDS_Poll"> <div id="PDI_form9708559"> <div class="pds-box"> <div class="pds-box-outer"> <div class="pds-box-inner"> <div class="pds-box-top"> <div class="pds-vote"> <div class="pds-votebutton-outer"></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Association of African Students in India (AASI) have also condemned the attack on African nationals and have also asked the central government to ensure that the community got protection in the national capital region. The government has also sought a report and Uttar Pradesh chief minister <a href="http://www.hindustantimes.com/noida/up-cm-adityanath-assured-fair-probe-into-assault-of-africans-in-greater-noida-sushma/story-o4wNBrSnd2XdEaMjgo0xvK.html" shape="rect">Yogi Adityanath has assured</a> foreign minister Sushma Swaraj of a “fair and impartial investigation”.</p> </article> </div> </div> </div> </div> </section> </div> </article> </div> </div> </div> </div> </section> </div> </div> </div> </div> </section> </div> </div> <header class="header-wrapper"> <section class="header-menu"> <div class="container"> <div class="main-nav clearfix"> <div class="nav-area"></div> <form id="searchForm" action="http://www.hindustantimes.com/search" method="post"><input id="newsearchbox_new" class="search-pnl" name="search" required="required" type="text" value="" placeholder="Search" /></form> </div> </div> </section> </header> <div class="container"></div> <section class="container"> <div></div> <div class="story-section"> <div class="clearfix story-area"> <div class="story-area-left"> <div class="story-highlight"> <h1>‘We won’t be bullied by violence’: Nigerian students on Greater Noida attacks</h1> <p><a class="cta-link cities-cb-section mr-15" href="http://www.hindustantimes.com/noida/">NOIDA</a> <span class="text-dt">Updated: Mar 28, 2017 14:32 IST</span></p> <div class="media user-dt"> <div class="media-left"> <div class="media-img author-sm-img"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/images/app-images/ht/default_author.png" alt="Vaibhav Jha" /></div> </div> <div class="media-body"> <div class="para-txt"><a href="http://www.hindustantimes.com/columns/vaibhav-jha">Vaibhav Jha</a><br /> Greater Noida, Hindustan Times</div> </div> </div> <div class="story-lg-img"> <div class="thumbnail"><img title="Nigerians attacked" src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_960x540/HT/p2/2017/03/28/Pictures/greater-quality-available-attacks-nationals-received-african_20860abc-1378-11e7-a5d6-c47fceabb9c0.jpg" alt="Nigerians attacked" /></div> <h2>A policeman helps an African national, apparently injured in a racial attack in Greater Noida on Monday.(HT Photo)</h2> </div> </div> <div class="story-content"> <div class="social-icons-ar no-print social-fixed"></div> <article class="story-details">African students living in Greater Noida say they face daily prejudice and are living in fear after two days of violence targeted at them following the mysterious death of a local youth.</p> <p>The students – who hail from various nations in Africa – allege political pressure behind the attacks amid rising tensions between local residents and the foreigners.</p> <p>“We come to India to live in peace but we will not be bullied by force or violence. The need of the hour is for African students to unite against this blatant racism,” said Lawrence, a Nigerian national.</p> <div class="story-readmore">Read more</div> <ul class="latest-news-bx row"> <li class="col-sm-12 col-md-12 col-lg-6"> <div class="media"> <div class="media-left"> <div class="media-img"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_90x90/HT/p2/2017/03/28/Pictures/sushma-swaraj-in-rajya-sabha_4471dcbc-136e-11e7-a5d6-c47fceabb9c0.jpg" /></div> </div> <div class="media-body"> <div class="media-heading headingfour"><a href="http://www.hindustantimes.com/noida/up-cm-adityanath-assured-fair-probe-into-assault-of-africans-in-greater-noida-sushma/story-o4wNBrSnd2XdEaMjgo0xvK.html">UP CM Adityanath assured fair probe into assault of Africans in Greater Noida: Sushma</a></div> </div> </div> </li> <li class="col-sm-12 col-md-12 col-lg-6"> <div class="media"> <div class="media-left"> <div class="media-img"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_90x90/HT/p2/2017/03/26/Pictures/overdose-details-receive-edition-koneru-nigerians-booked_d055bfa8-1244-11e7-9152-693fb265b0f1.jpg" /></div> </div> <div class="media-body"> <div class="media-heading headingfour"><a href="http://www.hindustantimes.com/noida/class-12-boy-in-noida-dies-of-drug-overdose-five-nigerians-booked/story-NORU3kIPUW8zTkc2ZTU6jL.html">Class 12 boy in Noida dies of ‘drug overdose’, five Nigerians booked</a></div> </div> </div> </li> </ul> <p>The violence broke out on Sunday after a Class 12 student Manish Khari died because of a suspected drug overdose. Locals alleged that Africans living in the area had plied the youth with drugs and attacked two Nigerians on Sunday night. Police also arrested five Africans but released them later because of a lack of proof.</p> <div class="float-div right-dt inline-photo"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_960x540/HT/p2/2017/03/28/Pictures/greater-quality-available-attacks-nationals-received-african_27e31ae2-1383-11e7-9d7a-cd3db232b835.jpg" /></p> <div class="para-txt">The crowd was peaceful until it reached Pari Chowk, but went out of control at the sight of Africans in the market. A car was also damaged by the angry mob. (HT Photo)</div> </div> <p>A day later, a protest march by residents turned violent as people assaulted several Africans at Greater Noida’s busy Pari Chowk. Rumours startled swirling that residents had abducted a Nigerian woman – a speculation denied by police. The waves of violence have left the foreigners rattled.</p> <p>“We have been living in a sense of fear as there is no protection for us even after the attack,” said Bukola, a commerce student at IEC college.</p> <div class="float-div right-dt inline-photo"><img src="http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_960x540/HT/p2/2017/03/28/Pictures/greater-quality-available-attacks-nationals-received-african_febd74ba-1377-11e7-a5d6-c47fceabb9c0.jpg" /></p> <div class="para-txt">African nationals talk to a policeman after a suspected racial attack on them, in Greater Noida on Monday. (HT Photo)</div> </div> <p>Lawrence said the attacks were well-planned.</p> <div id="inarticle_wrapper_div"></div> <p>“We had assembled at Kasna Police station on Monday morning demanding the release of two students who had been arrested without proper investigation. As soon as the duo got bail and we left the spot, several African nationals were attacked by the local people,” said Lawrence.</p> <p><a name="pd_a_9708559"></a></p> <div id="PDI_container9708559" class="PDS_Poll"> <div id="PDI_form9708559"> <div class="pds-box"> <div class="pds-box-outer"> <div class="pds-box-inner"> <div class="pds-box-top"> <div class="pds-question"> <div class="pds-question-outer"> <div class="pds-question-inner"> <div class="pds-question-top">Do you think we Indians are racist when it comes to African nationals?</div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="pds-answer"><span id="pds-answer9708559"><span class="pds-answer-group"><span class="pds-answer-input"><input id="PDI_answer44390632" class="pds-radiobutton" name="PDI_answer9708559" type="radio" value="44390632" /></span><label class="pds-input-label" for="PDI_answer44390632"><span class="pds-answer-span">Yes, we are</span></label></span><span class="pds-answer-group"><span class="pds-answer-input"><input id="PDI_answer44390633" class="pds-radiobutton" name="PDI_answer9708559" type="radio" value="44390633" /></span><label class="pds-input-label" for="PDI_answer44390633"><span class="pds-answer-span">No, we are just portrayed in a bad light</span></label></span><span class="pds-answer-group"><span class="pds-answer-input"><input id="PDI_answer44390634" class="pds-radiobutton" name="PDI_answer9708559" type="radio" value="44390634" /></span><label class="pds-input-label" for="PDI_answer44390634"><span class="pds-answer-span">Maybe, I’ll have to think about this</span></label></span></span></div> <div class="pds-vote"> <div class="pds-votebutton-outer"><a id="pd-vote-button9708559" class="pds-vote-button"></a>Vote<span class="pds-links"><a class="pds-view-results">View Results</a></span></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>The Association of African Students in India (AASI) have also condemned the attack on African nationals and have also asked the central government to ensure that the community got protection in the national capital region. The government has also sought a report and Uttar Pradesh chief minister <a href="http://www.hindustantimes.com/noida/up-cm-adityanath-assured-fair-probe-into-assault-of-africans-in-greater-noida-sushma/story-o4wNBrSnd2XdEaMjgo0xvK.html" shape="rect">Yogi Adityanath has assured</a> foreign minister Sushma Swaraj of a “fair and impartial investigation”.</p> <div class="story-readmore"></div> <p>More than 4,000 Africans stay in Greater Noida and study in a clutch of private universities and colleges that have come up in the area over the past decade. But many of them say that they feel uncomfortable at the hostile attitude of locals, who see the Africans as the source of crime and drugs.</p> <p>“For now, we have decided to drop our protest against racist attacks by locals. Further course of action will be decided soon,” said Bukola.</p> </article> </div> </div> </div> </div> </section> <p>http://www.hindustantimes.com/noida/we-will-not-be-bullied-by-force-or-violence-nigerian-students-react-to-greater-noida-attacks/story-o84IBlGDvod4N9O3sRn8SJ.html</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> " data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="aligncenter size-full wp-image-73275" src="http://www.indiaresists.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/GK-2.jpg" alt="GK (2)" width="1783" height="1335" />

Days after the order was passed, the DG (home guards and prisons) in Chhattisgarh made a statement that none of the prisoners in Chhattisgarh Jails are eligible for release under the new Supreme Court order (Times of India, Sept. 6th, 2014). Similar statements have been made by sources in prison departments in Kerala (New Indian Express, Sept. 6th, 2014) and by DIG (Prisons) in Karnataka, wherein according to the DIG’s statement out of around 9000 under-trial prisoners only ten prisoners in the state are eligible (The Hindu, Sept. 6th, 2014). Amnesty International India that started the campaign on 436-A in Karnataka believes that the jail authorities do not know how to compute the information regarding duration of arrest and the maximum sentence. This has also been the experience of the Jagdalpur Legal Aid Group when it filed RTIs to get information from the jail authorities regarding prisoners who were eligible for release under 436-A of Cr.P.C. in Chhattisgarh. The replies simply contained a list of names, which according to jail officials were the best estimates of prisoners who might be eligible under 436 A but they were clueless about calculating the maximum sentences for different under-trials. Jails only get information on charges when the prisoner is admitted into jail, based on the FIR, but they seldom see a copy of the charge sheet, and never ever get a copy of the charges after the courts have framed them. In our rough estimate, jails have inaccurate information regarding final charges in about 50% of the cases, making any reasonable computation of 436A impossible. Even when final charges are correctly mentioned, the relevant sub-sections will be missing from both the jail and court records. For instance, one of the most commonly applied provision in Bastar Division is S. 25 of the Arms Act for which, punishment ranges from 6 months to life imprisonment depending on the sub-section applied. Lack of specification of the relevant sub-section makes it impossible to compute the eligibility of under-trials under 436 A.

In the Bhim Singh case, the SC directed jurisdictional magistrates, CJMs and Sessions Judges to hold sittings once a week for two months in the Jail and identify eligible under-trials. The judge should pass the order in the jail itself for immediate release of the under-trial. It is important for the effective implementation of the order that the judges should make an independent assessment and not rely on recommendations that are based on data computed by jail authorities in various states. Further, for future purposes, courts should be directed to submit information to the jails after calculating half the term when charges are framed. Otherwise, 436 A will continue to be ineffective.

But even if effective implementation is ensured, 436-A by its nature itself is inapplicable to majority of the under-trials lodged in jails in Bastar. Most of the under-trials lodged in jails in Bastar division have been charged under serious offences to which the section does not apply such as S.302 and S.307 of Indian Penal Code and under the Arms Act. The over-crowding in the jails here ranges from 250% to 600%. In some jails, the situation is so acute that the under-trials sleep in shifts because of lack of space. However, if we look at the acquittal rate, it has ranged from 94% to 99% between 2005 and 2012. So while almost all the under-trials eventually get acquitted, they end up spending a substantial amount of time under filthy, inhumane conditions of overcrowding in jail. Bails, which should be ideally awarded as matter of right to under-trials, are a rare exception in courts in Bastar. Trials move at a slow pace due to non-appearance of witnesses, and unavailability of forces to escort the under-trial for hearings.

Recently, a petition in this regard, filed by an NGO- Fight for Human Rights, came before the Supreme Court. The petition highlighted that about 31000 under-trial tribals were languishing in the jails of naxal-affected states for a long period of time without any trial. The court has issued notices to the concerned states, including Chhattisgarh, in this regard. A petition regarding the deplorable conditions of jails in Chhattisgarh as a result of overcrowding is also pending in the Bilaspur High Court. The Nirmala Buch committee, which was set-up by the Chhattisgarh government to look into cases of a large number of tribals and others, who have been in jail for a long time, against whom, investigation or prosecution is pending, has also been largely ineffective. The committee, firstly, in only concerning itself with cases where prosecution is pending, and so far has not taken any action in cases of shoddy investigation – which is the main reason for incarceration of a large number of adivasis under false charges. Second, it has chosen to limit its mandate to only cases of those with extremely bad medical condition and really aged under-trials, as recommended to them by jail authorities without the committee members themselves going into the legal standing of these cases. Thirdly even in these cases it limits its recommendations to non-opposition of bails by the prosecution, which has little to nil bearing on the decisions of the presiding judges.

Incarceration of such a huge number of under trials for long periods of time creates a massive financial burden on a conflict-affected state, which, can be avoided if rule of law is properly applied. Bastar is one of the most impoverished areas in India. Prolonged incarceration of earning members as well as the expenses of a trial that is unnecessarily stretched for a long period of time, completely erodes financial resources of affected families.

For justice to be done to under-trials who are languishing in India’s most crowded jails, there is a need for the judiciary and executive to work together to set up a special review mechanism for cases of adviasis in Bastar Jails. There is also a need for a proper law of reparations and rehabilitation of people falsely implicated in these zones. Further, efforts to train judges and investigating agencies should be made considering the special needs to uphold rule of law in a conflict zone.

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Guneet Kaur is a law graduate from Hidayatullah National Law University, Chhattisgarh. Presently she is working as a Legal research fellow with the Jagdalpur Legal Aid Group (JagLAG). The JagLAG is an initiative undertaken to work towards facilitating the entitlements recognized under the Indian Constitution and strive towards the establishment of a legal system on the basis of equal opportunity for all residents of Chhattisgarh, irrespective of their social, economic or any other disability. Email: [email protected]

– See more at: http://www.indiaresists.com/caged-justice-supreme-courts-latest-order-on-undertrials-and-its-impact-in-chhattisgarh/#sthash.BP06AKTA.3CjmaiHZ.dpuf

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